Susanne Schulz-Falster Rare Books Archives - inBiblio
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Susanne Schulz-Falster Rare Books

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Annuities on Lives: third edition, plainer, fuller, and more correct than the former. With several Tables, exhibiting at one View, the Values of Lives, for several Rates of Interest.

DE MOIVRE, Abraham. 8vo, pp. xii, 117; with extensive tables and calculations in the text; very clean and crisp in contemporary vellum-backed marbled boards, spine lettered in manuscript, corners a little rubbed, with Swedish printed book label to front pastedown; an attractive copy Third, revised edition of this important contribution to the theory of probability and statistics (first 1725). ‘De Moivre had a great interest in the analysis of mortality statistics and the foundation of the theory of annuities . De Moivre’s contribution to annuities lies not in his evaluation of the demographic facts then known but in his derivation of formulas for annuities based on a postulated law of mortality and constant rates of interest on money. Here one finds the treatment of joint annuities, problems about the fair division of the costs of a tontine, and other contracts in which both age and interest on capital are relevant. This mathematics became a standard part of all subsequent commercial applications in England. The work is based in part on the mortality data collected by William Halley in the 1690s and is influenced by Halley’s 1693 article on the inane life annuities still being sold by the British government, in which the age of the annuitant was not considered relevant’ (DSB, IX p. 454). For first edition see Goldsmiths’-Kress 6398.7; Norman 1530; Hanson 3492; Garrison-Morton 1690; Blake p.307; see Pearson, pp. 146 ff.
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Förtekning på de i Sverige, från äldre, till närvarande tider, utkomna schole- och undervisnings-böcker. Till följe af kongl. uppfostrings-committéens anmodan uppsatt och på dess bekostnad utgifven af L. Hammarsköld.

HAMMARSKÖLD, Lorenzo. 8vo, pp. xxiv, 298, [2]; faint dampstain at head and tail throughout (extending into the text at foot but lighter than at head where it remains in the margin), and some foxing, due to paper stock; contemporary half calf and marbled boards, spine ruled in gilt and with gilt-lettered spine label; with bookplate of the Swedish writer L. F. Rääf to front pastedown. First edition of the first bibliography of Swedish educational books, and still regarded as a standard work. Included are books on didactics, language books for various languages, books for reading and writing practice, followed by general educational titles covering history, geography, natural sciences, religion and cultural history. A final section covers encyclopaedias. In all more than 1500 titles are described with full bibliographical details.Petzholdt praises the quality of the bibliographical description, and comments on the fact that many of the titles listed are accompanied by references and reviews. Lorenzo Hammarsköld (1785-1827) had been a friend of the Rääf family since his early teens, and collaborated with the scientist and writer L. F. Rääf, to produce the first translation of Victor Hugo into Swedish. Almquist 1181; Petzholdt, p. 604; rare, OCLC lists just the copy at the National Library of Sweden.
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Reflexions sur l’etat actuel de l’Agriculture; ou Exposition du véritable plan pour cultiver ses terres avec le plus grand avantage, & pour se passer des engrais.

FABBRONI, Giovanni.] 8vo, pp. xxii, 294, [1]; tables in the text; brown stain to C10-12, else clean and crisp; uncut in the original pink wrappers, spine label lettered in manuscript; a little dog-eared, and head and foot of spine chipped; a very good copy, with author’s name noted in ink on the title. First edition of Fabbroni’s remarkable treatise on the state of agriculture and agricultural reform, in which he developed new techniques in agronomy and cultivation, based on procedures of pneumatic chemistry. Fabbroni’s work contributed considerably to the application of chemistry to the study of the plant world, and the beginning of agricultural chemistry.Fabbroni (1752-1822), a strong supporter of the Leopoldine reforms in Tuscany, was vociferous in his defence of free trade and rejected all forms of restrictions of the trade in grain. He was assistant to Felice Fontana in the Museum of Physics and Natural Sciences in Florence, where he later became assistant director in 1780 and director in 1805. From 1776 to 1778 he lived in Paris and then in London, and frequented enlightened and radical circles in both cities. During this time he also met and corresponded with both Benjamin Franklin and Thomas Jefferson. Goldsmiths’-Kress 11983.3; see M.M. Libelli in IESS and M. Gliozzi in DSB.
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De quelques Préventions des Italiens contre la Langue et la Litterature des Français. Lettre a Mr. Abbé Denina, Bibliothécaire a l’occasion de son Opuscule: Dell’uso della lingua francese nel Piemonte.

GUILLON, Aimé de Montleon, abbé de. 8vo, pp. [ii], 54, including both initial and final blank; uncut and unopened in contemporary pattern-paper wrappers, manuscript label to upper wrapper; spine a little sunned; an attractive copy. First edition of this response to Denina’s important contribution to comparative linguistics Dell’uso della lingua francese nel Piemonte. Between 1782 and 1804 Denina, an Italian theologian and historian, lived in Berlin, where he gave numerous talks at the Berlin Royal Academy. Here he also produced his important comparative analysis of the European languages, and especially their origin, La Clef de Langues. He was one of the first scholars to attribute equal importance to Italian, especially Piemontese dialects and the ‘standard’ language.Guillon supports Denina in stressing the importance of knowledge of French language and literature for Italy, encourages comparative study, and refers to the great importance that the French language had at the time at the Prussian court, due to the influence of Frederick the Great.Aimé Guillon de Montléon (1758-1842) was editor of the Journal Officiel de Milan and later became conservator at the Bibliothèque Mazarine in Paris. Quérard, III, p. 69; OCLC lists copies at Harvard and Lyon.
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La Tolleranza filosofica delle Malattie.

PASTA, Giuseppe. 8vo, pp. viii, 284, [1]; contemporary half mottled sheep over boards, spine ruled and decorated in gilt, gilt-lettered spine label; insignificant worming to upper joint; very clean and crisp; a fine copy. First edition of this philosophical approach to medicine. Pasta (1742-1823), a medical doctor from Bergamo, makes some interesting observations on medical practice, on the temptation to treat each and every complaint with excessive pharmaceutical or surgical force. Instead, he maintains, many complaints are just temporary and will improve without medical intervention. He classifies medical phenomena into three categories, those that take care of themselves, or can be approached not as individual ‘illnesses’ but seasonal, age-related or endemic. Next are treatable complaints, divided into skin diseases, piles, ulcers, haemorrhaging, vomiting and diarrhoea, venereal diseases and gout, which respond to medication, and finally incurable diseases such as hereditary diseases or cancer. He suggests that more attention should be paid to the needs of the patients, rather than submitting them to a relentless regime of treatment. In a brief chapter he deals with medical diet.The volume concludes with a number of hitherto unpublished letters by Cocchi (1695-1758) on the same subject. Wellcome IV, 313; Hirsch IV, p. 521; OCLC lists further copies at Berkeley, Harvard, and the National Library of Medicine; a second edition was published the same year.
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Office Equipment Salesman’s sample catalogue for business machine.

TRADE CATALOGUE.] 8vo, pp. [20] with original wrapper; ll. 7 (folding, bound in landscape), pp. [4], [16], [16], pp. 73-120; contemporary roan-backed marbled boards, round corners, spine worn and upper joint splitting; printed on different colour paper stock. A fascinating salesman’s book of brochures, flyers etc. of office equipment produced by a number of American manufacturers. Bound at the beginning is a complete catalogue of book holders and bookcases, including a Lambie Dictionary holder, all available in different materials and finishes; advertising flyers for the G D Barnard & Co. Automatic Bank Punch, and for the Madden Adding Machine. Further leaflets advertise the Black Autocopyist, bookcases (John Danner company), Besley Cabinet Letter files, Stationery, Office furniture and Supplies by G.D. Barnard, and a partial list of banker’s supplies by G.D. Barnard, which include everything a bank might need, from furniture to ink stands, coin trays to letter filing cabinets. Curiously also included are hand-cuffs, police truncheons, weapons, locks, and even toilet roll holders.G.D. Barnard was a St.Louis based office wholesale company.This trade catalogue was clearly put together specifically by a salesman, who obviously represented not just G.D. Barnard & Co, but also a number of other suppliers of office furniture and stationery.
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Mémoire sur la nécessité d’une liberté illimitée dans les charges du roulage, et sur les moyens de maintenir les routes en parfait état, avec cette liberté, sans accroitre la dépense.

BERTHAULT-DUCREUX, Alexandre. 8vo, pp. [iv], 82; uncut in the original blue printed wrappers, title within decorative border; presentation inscription by the author, dated 1833. First and only edition of this pamphlet on procedural aspects of French civil engineering. Berthault-Ducreux argues for the liberalization of the planning process in French public works, and exemplifies this in his proposals for improved road-building by the early adoption of macadamization, a simplified road-building technique introduced by the Scotsman John Loudon MacAdam in the 1820s. Berthault-Ducreux, himself a distinguished engineer, has been described as ‘le plus resolu partisan de la liberté esprit independent et liberal intransigent’ (F. Etner, ‘Note sur Dupuit’ in Revue Economique, vol 34, no 5 (Sept 1983), pp. 1021-1035). He greatly influenced the economist and policy maker Dupuit, who adopted these revolutionary methods of road-building some ten years later, and who famously developed marginal utility theory in the process of determining optimum monopolistic pricing in public works. Like Berthault-Ducreux, he was a firm adherent of laissez-faire principles. Together with Dupuit he was highly successful in shaping road-construction in France for years to come.It is rather appealing that this plea for the reduction of red tape in civil engineering and public works is presented by the author to a Monsieur Canal, vice president of the tribunal civil. OCLC: Angers and National Library of Mexico.
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Notizie storiche sull’Origine delle Fieri dello Stato Ecclesiastico. Dell’utilità delle medesime, dei privilegi ad esse accordati dai Sommi Pontefici, del giorno e durata della loro celebrazione, a cui vanno unite tutte le nozioni generali di quelle che sono stabilite in Italia, ed in Europa.

MONTI, Gioacchino. 8vo, steel engraved portrait frontispiece portrait by Tosetti, pp. [iv], 91, [1] imprint, [4] blank; occasional light spotting; contemporary calf-backed marbled boards, flat spine gilt, with gilt-lettered spine label; from the library of Sacchetti, with bookplate to front pastedown; an attractive copy. First edition of this interesting study of the emergence of trade fairs in the Papal States and other countries. Of particular interest is the comparative analysis of the effect these trade fairs had on economic and technological development. After a brief historical section, describing the fairs of Frankfurt and other European countries, Monti deals in more detail with the fairs held in Ascoli, Cesena, Faenza, Fermo, Lugo, Ravenna, Senigallia, and Viterbo. In each case the date of the first fair is given, together with some historical information on the town, followed by details of length and frequency and special importance of the fair. Some of the earlier fairs described deal with agricultural products etc. rather than industrial exhibits. Goldsmiths’-Kress 25739A.4; Einaudi, 4002; not in Mattioli.
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Science économique des manufactures, Traduit de l’Anglais de Ch. Babbage, sur la troisième édition, par M. Isoard.

BABBAGE, Charles. 8vo, pp. xxiii, [1], 392; contemporary half calf, marbled boards, spine gilt in compartments, gilt lettering, a little rubbed. First edition of Isoard’s translation of the second part of Babbage’s Economy of Machinery and Manufactures – the domestic and political economies of manufactures – published just a year after Biot’s first translation into French. This translation is taken from the important third edition containing the final text of the classic treatise on the economics of the manufacturing industry. Isoard’s translation differs from the translation by Edouard Biot. While Biot chose to translate the entirety of Babbage’s work, Isoard was more selective, with the aim of reaching a wider and more varied readership than Biot. He therefore dropped technical chapters on mechanics, translated much of the technical vocabulary into layman’s terms, and rearranged many of the paragraphs in order to improve the continuity of each subject. The Economy of Machinery and Manufactures was Babbage’s ‘brilliant and utterly original foray into political economy . Adam Smith had analysed the sources of increases in labour productivity to be found in the division of labour: Babbage took this fundamental principle of economic growth and applied it to the individual firm. His obvious first-hand knowledge of a wide variety of industrial and business processes, combined with general analysis of production systems, made the work a tour de force. At a time of anxiety and ambiguity over the reception of new technology, he also offered authoritative policy statements on a wide range of machinery issues, including patent reform, export of machinery, crises of over production, and technological unemployment. The book’s intellectual position in relationship to political economy was not, however, easily apparent, and few apart from J.S.Mill and Karl Marx appreciated its significance to their discipline’ (Maxine Berg in the introduction to the Pickering Masters edition of Babbage’s works, 1989). Goldsmiths’-Kress 28497; not in Einaudi.
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Dissertations qui ont été lues dans l’Assemblée publique de l’Académie des Sciences et des Belles-Lettres à Berlin. Les années 1784, 1785, & 1786. Pour le jour anniversaire du Roi.

HERTZBERG, Ewald Friedrich Count von. Tall 8vo, pp. [iv], 132; uncut in contemporary paste-paper wrappers; faint dampstaining to upper margin of last signature, else very clean and crisp; a fine, wide-margined copy. First edition of these essays by the Prussian statesman and foreign office official Ewald v. Hertzberg (1725 – 1795), written after the conclusion of his political career and in his capacity as curator of the Berlin Academy. His annual discourses collected here caused a great sensation at the time, since he introduced in them a detailed review of the financial situation of the state. The three essays are entitled Sur la forme des Gouvernemens, & quelle en est la meilleure?, Sur la population des États en general, & sur celles des États Prussiens en particulier, and finally Sur la veritable richesse des États, la Balance du Commerce & celle du Pouvoir.Of these, the first one is of particular interest. In his discussion of the most favourable form of government, Hertzberg opposes the absolute system (following Montesquieu) and supports a limited monarchy. ‘The king governs the state independently, but in accordance with fundamental laws and fixed rules, which he does not change without good reason; for if he violates them, he degenerates into a despot. He campaigns for equal representation and supports the rights of the peasant to be represented in government.’ The second essay deals in great detail with population statistics. Hertzberg quotes from contemporary authorities such as Süssmilch and Moheau, and gives comprehensive population tables. He maintains that in Prussia population growth is particularly pronounced, as births clearly outstrip deaths in almost all areas. He also gives detailed financial figures on government expenditure to increase industrialisation of the country. The final essay deals in general with national wealth, balance of trade and political strength and stability of the European powers.Hertzberg, who had been one of Frederick the Great’s strongest political advisors and had been enobled for his efforts, fared less well with his successor Frederick William. He was highly influential in the establishment of the Berlin Academy, of which he became curator in 1786. Wilhelm von Humboldt deemed him ‘the most learned of all the Prussian ministers’. Even though Hertzberg campaigned to free the Berlin Academy from French influences, he gave and published his own talks in the French language. Goldsmiths’-Kress 13314.
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Synonymisches Handworterbuch der deutschen Sprache für alle, die sich in dieser Sprache richtig ausdrücken wollen. Nebst einer ausführlichen Anweisung zum nützlichen Gebrauche desselben.

EBERHARD, Johann August. 8vo, pp. xvi, 459; bound in contemporary sprinkled half calf over sprinkled boards, spine ruled in gilt, with gilt-lettered and decorated spine label; typographic bookplate on front paste-down, and early ownership inscription in ink on front free endpaper and title; a very fine copy. First edition of this handy guide to the synonyms of the German language, an invaluable help to correct German usage. Since language is the expression of thought, Eberhard argues, it is of the highest importance to express it correctly and actually convey all the nuances desired. He has arranged the dictionary in some twelve hundred groups of words, that have related or similar meanings, such as: ‘Begriff, Idee, and Vorstellung; or ‘sich entschließen, sich vornehmen, sich vorsetzen, and vorhaben’. Their meaning and use is then explained in detail with the help of examples. The comprehensive index at the end makes the individual articles easily accessible.This handy guide to the German language evolved out of Eberhard’s six volume Versuch einer allgemeinen deutschen Synonymik (1795-1802), which was long reckoned the best work on the synonyms of the German language. The abridgement proved popular and was reprinted numerous times, the last (17th) edition being published in 1910. The German theologian and philosopher Eberhard (1739-1809) was a member of the Berlin Academy of Sciences and close associate of Nicolai and Moses Mendelssohn. His career in the church was hampered by his liberal ideas, and he subsequently became professor of philosophy at Halle. Zaunmüller 57: ‘Gute Behandlung der Bedeutungsunterschiede der deutschen Synonymik’; rare, no copy of the first edition in NUC.
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Doutes d’un Provincial, proposés a MM. les Médecins-Commissaires, chargés par le Roi, de l’examen du Magnétisme animal.

SERVAN, Joseph Michel Antoine.] 8vo, [ii], pp. 126; uncut in contemporary block-printed wrappers, overprinting waste from a religious publication, printed in red and black. First edition, one of two issues, of Servan’s vigorous defence of Mesmerism, following the negative reports published by the Société Royale de Médecine. ‘The best of the many attacks published by the pro-Mesmerists against the report of the first Royal Commission’ (Norman M142). Servan (1737-1807), a distinguished French lawyer, and associate of Voltaire and d’Alembert, defends Mesmer by pointing out the subjectivity of the report of the royal commission, making it ‘one of the most thoughtful contemporary criticisms of the findings of the commission’ (Crabtree 111). He supports his stance by personal experience, and reports that he had been cured by a Mesmerist when traditional medicine had failed to help him.Mesmer’s theory of a universal magnetic fluid influencing tides and men alike, led to a large scale investigation of psychological phenomena, resulting ultimately in modern psychopathology and psychotherapy. By concentrating on the ‘rapport’ of patient and doctor, Mesmer seems to have dealt effectively with nervous disorders. A highly effective publicist, Mesmer generated enormous interest in his teachings all over Europe. See Caillet 10163 and Cioranescu 60157 for other issue with imprint; Norman catalogue M 142; Crabtree 111.
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Über den Freyhafen von Venedig mit Rücksicht auf den österreichischen Seehandel im allgemeinen. Nebst einer vergleichenden Übersicht der Industrieverhältnisse Großbritannien’s, Frankreich’s und Österreich’s.

CZOERNIG, Carl Joseph. 8vo, pp. x, 232; some light browning, due to paper quality; uncut and mostly unopened in the original printed wrappers; a little creased and dog-eared, else fine; with heraldic book plate to verso of title. First and only edition of this assessment of the naval trade of Venice, and by extension the Austrian Empire, after the creation of the free port of Venice in 1829. Czoernig gives an introduction to Venetian trade before concentrating on the advantages and disadvantages of the creation of the free port, the enclosed free trade zone where ships could enter, load and unload, without incurring any customs duties or inspections. The economic advantage was clearly that it revived the flagging economic fortunes of Venice, since it again acted as an important distribution centre for the hinterland, potentially with detrimental effect on the other free port, Trieste. Czoernig, however, confirms the predominance of the existing free port of Trieste, because of better road connections and established trade routes to the Austrian Empire. Venice would complement this, by increasing the trade with Lombardy and Italy. Czoernig (1804-1899), chief government statistician and president of the Austrian statistical commission, refined the purpose of government statistics. He wanted it to grow beyond being a mere tool of financial administration and become a study of every phase of a country’s economic and social life. For this purpose he introduced innovative and direct methods of gathering statistical information. According to his preface his findings on the Venetian trade are based on a detailed study of thousands of shipping manifestos. Goldsmiths’-Kress 26750.6; Menger c. 144; not in Humpert; see Pibram in ESS IV p. 688 for further information on Czoernig.
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Expériences et Réfléxions sur les Avantages que l’on peut se procurer par les Ventilateurs Naturels.

AVOGADRO, Giuseppe, Conte di Casanova.] Small 8vo, pp. 40; some light foxing; in contemporary marbled boards; minor wear to head and tail of spine and extremities. Rare first French edition of this brief essay examining the use and potential benefits of the recently invented ‘ventilateurs naturels’, devised by Giuseppe Avogadro, and here translated anonymously. The work first appeared as Saggio di alcuni sperimenti e di varie riflessioni sopra i vantaggi, che si possono trarre dai naturali ventilatori, in 1791. The removal of fetid and noxious fumes, especially located around sewers and latrines, is achieved by the introduction of ‘un courant d’air atmosphérique qui chassât avec force l’air fétide qui s’y trouvoit sans mouvement’ (p. 8). Experiments carried out at ‘l’Hospice de charité de Verceil, et ensuite dans l’Hôpital de la même Ville, où l’on en éprouva les plus prompts et les plus salutaires effets’ (p. 37). Born in Vercelli in 1731, Avogadro went on to become Prime Minister of the Department of Sesia, and was created a knight of the Legion d’Onore. An agronomist, he wrote a number of works including, ‘Avviso sulla cultura ed irrigazione delle praterie; Metodo per coltivare il lino, secondo il celebre Duhamel; Metodo facile e pratico per la costruzione di una volta’ (Dizionario Biografico Universale, p. 239). OCLC locates just one copy at the American Philosophical Society.
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Pensés Philosophiques.

DIDEROT, Denis.] 8vo in 8s and 4s, pp. 90; title page vignette; uncut in the original blue wrappers, spine very worn, with small portion missing at foot of spine, corners bent; a wide-margined copy. Later edition of Diderot’s brilliant first independent publication, first published in 1746, which is full of eminently quotable epigrams in the tradition of Pascal or La Rochefoucauld, such as ‘It can be required of me that I look for the truth, but not that I should find it’ (XXIX). Organised in the form of sixty-two short epigrammatic paragraphs, and supplied with a detailed index, the Pensées demonstrate the existence of God through the order of nature. However, of all the philosophico-religious positions presented in this work, scepticism is argued most persuasively, and can be seen as Diderot’s chosen position at the time. The work made a considerable impact, provoked numerous responses, and earned the compliment of being condemned to be burned by the Paris Parlement, as ‘presenting to restless and reckless spirits the venom of the most criminal opinions that the depravity of human reason is capable of’. It became one of the most popular of Diderot’s works, and went through no fewer than eighteen editions during the eighteenth century. Tchemerzine-Schéler II, 955; part of Adams I A1(3), separate issue of one part of the first collected edition of Diderot’s works.