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Michael Laird Rare Books

Rerum Burgundionum Chronicon: In quo etiam rerum Gallicarum tempora accurate demonstrantur: permulta autem pro utriusque Historiae

Rerum Burgundionum Chronicon: In quo etiam rerum Gallicarum tempora accurate demonstrantur: permulta autem pro utriusque Historiae, necnon etiam Germanicae notitia, dubia confirmantur, obscura illustrantur, & ab aliis aut non animadversa, aut non comperta enucleantur

Vignerius, Nicolaus [Vignier, Nicolas] Small 4to. [8], 185, [23] pp. Modern vellum, red and white mottled edges. Old shelf-mark (?) "4069" in ink on title. Light foxing throughout. Overall very good. "All Things Burgundian." This early and impressive Renaissance chronicle of Burgundy covers the years 408 to 1482 and presents key events in tabular form. That copies of this work were in the libraries of Isaac Newton (cf. John Harrison, No. H1687) and Horace Walpole (Strawberry Hill sale, 26 April 1842, Case E, group lot 8) attests to its significance. According to the author, the present work was composed with the aid of hitherto unpublished manuscripts; among these must have been the Chronica Regum Visigothorum or Leges Visigothorum: in the list of authors and "monumental works" consulted is the reference to the "Vuisigothorii (sic) Chronicon manuscriptum." "The only writer who dealt with the later history in a really critical spirit was Nicolas Vignier (1530-96), whose critical sense had been stimulated by the study and practice of medicine" (A.A. Tilley, French Humanism and Montaigne, in: The Cambridge Modern History, 1905, vol. III, pp. 63-64). A Calvanist by birth, Vignier first trained as a lawyer; fleeing persecutions he was exiled to Germany where he was retained as the personal physician to several German princes. After converting to Catholicism he returned to Paris where he served as a physician and court historian to Henry III of France. This is his first book, complete in itself, which later formed part of his monumental "Bibliotheque Historiale" (1588-1601) which also included chronicles of Luxembourg and France. We recall with interest that the duchy of Burgundy was not part of France until 1477: at the battle of Nancy during the Burgundian Wars, Charles the Bold, the last duke of Burgundy, was killed, and the duchy was annexed by France. VD16 ZV 15217. Adams V, 758.
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Union Printers Home, Colorado Springs, Colorado, erected and maintained by the International Typographical Union, Colorado Springs, Colo.

Union Printers Home [International Typographical Union] Oblong folio (200 x 275 mm). [32] pp., mostly reproductions of photographs. Original wrappers (chipped), internally very good. Now little known, the Union Printers Home was built in 1892; it was originally called the Childs-Drexel Home for Union Printers after philanthropists George Childs and Anthony Drexel donated $10,000 towards its construction. This amazing facility first housed 50 members of the International Typographical Union who had been sickened by carbon-based ink used in the printing industry (frequently described as Tuberculosis). The home has provided care for more than 25,000 printers, but as the number of printers dwindled, the home began accepting anyone for hospice care, rehabilitation, assisted living or skilled nursing care. In 2014 the Union Printers Home was sold by the Communications Worlds of America (which merged in 1987 with the ITU) because according to the union’s trustees, only one of the 120 residents was a member of the CWA. The stately Printers Home, with its red sandstone and lava exterior and elegant marble and wood inside, bears no resemblance to the gritty, noisy plants and shops at which printers actually work. When the home opened, the average life expectancy of printers was 41, according to the ITU’s own figures. Union members came to Colorado Springs not only to retire but also to recuperate from medical or financial reversals, and what they found at America’s first union home was Valhalla. The arched entrance to the huge estate on Union Avenue carried the slogan "Its bounty unpurchasable"–in other words, put your wallets away, everything is on us–and that largess stretched to cover medical care in the property’s hospital and sanatorium. For much of its hundred years, the estate featured its own farm, its own barber. And the printers themselves had paid for all this with monthly dues that for years were only 50 cents per person; no government funds–not even Social Security–were used to prop up the home. Printers relaxed on huge sun porches, strolled along tree-shaded walkways and gazed upon a garden designed by the guy who landscaped the Taj Mahal. Inside the castle were a 10,000-volume library, a sunny reading room, a 300-seat auditorium and a pool hall. For decades it was a point of pride among printers, tangible proof of their power to control their own destiny. Our edition appears to be unrecorded. While undated, it was almost certainly published in 1913 or 1914, as none of the testimonials are dated after May 1913. This is not to be confused with works of the same title which appeared in 1911 and 1935.
COMPLETE BOOKS OF THE APOCRYPHA]. [The Holy Bible: conteyning the Old Testament

COMPLETE BOOKS OF THE APOCRYPHA]. [The Holy Bible: conteyning the Old Testament, and the New. Newly Translated out of the Originall Tongues: and with the former Translations diligently compared and revised, by his Maiesties speciall Commandement. Appointed to be read in Churches]

Bible, English. Authorized (i.e. King James Version). Apocrypha Folio. 106 consecutive leaves, collates Iiii3-Ccccc6, complete thus. Superbly and sympathetically bound in recent dark brown quarter calf over dark brown wooden boards, single ornamental brass catch and clasp (catching on the lower cover in the English style), six raised bands on spine. In excellent condition, the paper stock crisp and unblemished (a few letters along fore-edges cropped). THE ENTIRE APOCRYPHA FROM THE GREAT KING JAMES, OR "AUTHORIZED" VERSION OF THE BIBLE. As is well known, the printer, Robert Barker, was chaotically and almost simultaneously printing and assembling copies of the First Edition (Great "He" Bible) together with the Second Edition (Great "She" Bible). Our copy is noteworthy as it is composed of exactly 50% "He" Bible sheets and 50% "She" Bible sheets, thereby exhibiting with perfect clarity the chaos of the printing operation that resulted in publication of what is today described as the 1611-1613 King James, or "Authorized" Version of the Bible.The translation itself is widely considered a towering achievement in English literature, a rare combination of textual beauty and painstaking scholarship, created by the most unlikely of all sources, namely: a committee. The KJV itself has been called "the most influential version of the most influential book in the world, in what is now its most influential language," "the most important book in English religion and culture", and "the most celebrated book in the English-speaking world."The bibliographic complexities of the Great "He" Bible and the Great "She" Bible are legendary, but the most authoritative analysis has been undertaken by David Norton in his unsurpassed "Textual History of the King James Bible" (Cambridge University Press, 2004) – see especially Appendix 2 in which all the distinguishing points are clearly enumerated, and rendering all previous scholarship obsolete and irrelevant. As for the Great "She" Bible, Norton (p. 66) rejects the "first edition, second issue" designation, arguing instead for two separate "editions," but not without considerable qualification. Norton suggests that the "He" Bible sold out quickly, and that Robert Barker began printing sheets of the "She" Bible in order to supply further demand. "Copies were made up intermittently as purchase orders came in. The muddle in Barker’s printing house was that, once varying sheets were available, no two copies were made up of the identical sets of sheets. Moreover, sheets continued to be available when the later large folios were made, so some copies of them have sheets from different editions, including sheets from the second edition." NB: Added to the present "mixed sheets" copy of the Apocrypha is an annotated collation following Norton’s Appendix 2. IMPORTANCE OF THE KJV APOCRYPHA: "Unlike the rest of the Bible, the translators of the Apocrypha identified their source texts in their marginal notes. From these it can be determined that the books of the Apocrypha were translated from the Septuagint – primarily, from the Greek Old Testament column in the Antwerp Polyglot – but with extensive reference to the counterpart Latin Vulgate text, and to Junius’s Latin translation. The translators record references to the Sixtine Septuagint of 1587, which is substantially a printing of the Old Testament text from the Codex Vaticanus Graecus 1209, and also to the 1518 Greek Septuagint edition of Aldus Manutius. They had, however, no Greek texts for 2 Esdras, or for the Prayer of Manasses, and [F.H.A.] Scrivener found that they here used an unidentified Latin manuscript." (Wikipedia, accessed 8/18). CONTENTS OF THE PRESENT VOLUME (The Complete Apocrypha):The First Book of Esdras The Second Book of Esdras Tobit Judith The Rest of the Chapters of the Book of Esther, which are found neither in the Hebrew nor the Chaldee The Wisdom of Solomon The Wisdom of Jesus the son of Sirach, or Ecclesiasticus Baruch The Song of the Three Holy Children The History of Susanna The History of the Destruction of Bel and the Dragon The Prayer of Manasses King of Juda when he was holden captive in Babylon The First Book of the Maccabees The Second Book of the Maccabees.Further References: A.S. Herbert, Historical Catalogue of Printed Editions of the English Bible, 1525-1961 (1968) numbers 309 and 319.Two copies of the 1611-1613 Apocrypha are currently on the market, the first is spectacularly overpriced (a rebound copy, asking $35,000 – sic!), the second is unbound (asking $4,500). Our copy has been brilliantly rebound by Eidolon House of Wills Point, TX: the unbound sheets came from the collection of distinguished San Antonio, Texas bookseller Frank Rosengren (possibly purchased by him unbound at the July 25, 1968 sale at Hamilton Galleries, New York, lot 26 for $65), and from thence to his widow Florence who managed the Rosengren bookstore until 1987, and from thence to her daughter-in-law Camille Rosengren, likewise of San Antonio.
Corpus Juris Civilis]. Index rerum et verborum

Corpus Juris Civilis]. Index rerum et verborum, quae in Pandectis tractantur, copiosissimus

Aubert, Rene 8vo. Collation: a-z8 aa-cc8 = 208 ff. [i.e. 416 pp.], COMPLETE. Wormhole in top margins, not affecting text. Printer’s device of Guillaume Merlin on t.p. (Adam and Eve with Globe surrounded by 4 Bible verses = Delalaine, Inventaire [1892], p. 62-63). Bound in contemporary French calf, gilt extra (worn, front joint repaired), all edges gilt. Staining in lower gutter margins (more pronounced in the first four gatherings). No copy in GWU. This is one of the first truly "modern" Indexes of the Digest (Pandects) — still of use for the study of Roman law. As the present Index makes references to specific book, title, law, and paragraph rather than to pages, it can be used with any edition. In fact there are two Indexes herein: the first alphabetized according to subject, the second by initia (sic). Our copy is preserved in a stricly contemporary gold-tooled French Renaissance binding, and with the contemporary ownership inscription of "Tiberius Selgunno" (and later: "Pottier, Avocat a Loches"). The author, Rene Aubert, dedicated this work to Andre Guillard, Master of Petitions in the Parliament of Brittany. In the dedication Aubert informs us that he wrote the Index at the request of the great scholar-printer Charlotte Guillard, his maternal aunt, who had just published an edition of the Pandectes in 1548 (and again in 1552). This is the only known work by Rene Aubert, a lawyer of the "Suprema Curia" in Paris. This volume was the Index to the 7-vol. 1562 edition of "Digestorum seu Pandectarum libri V" with the same imprint (lacking in the GWU copy), for which see Adams J-582 (see also A-2120, catalogued by him under "Aubert" with a date of "1563"). Index Aureliensis 109.647.
Della cirugia [.] libri sette: ne' quali si contiene la theorica et la vera prattica

Della cirugia [.] libri sette: ne’ quali si contiene la theorica et la vera prattica

Croce, Giovanni Andrea della Folio. [18] ff., 296 pp. Collation: *8 **6 ***4 A-Z6 AA10, COMPLETE. Ziletti’s device on title, 5 large woodcuts showing operations (2 on the battlefield), numerous woodcut illustrations of surgical instruments and heads with incisions, occasional staining or soiling; title with outer corners extended; fol. f5 with marginal infill, gathering AA at end with old ink stain to top margin, extending perhaps 5 mm and not affecting text, N1-2 with old ink stain in the lower margin, likewise not affecting text; Interesting early annotations to the first 35 pages. Recent full vellum. Recognized as one of the foremost sixteenth century accounts of surgery in Italy, this is the scarce First Edition in Italian (the first in any Vernacular language). It is preceded only by this publisher’s Latin edition of the previous year, and contains MORE woodcuts of surgical instruments and illustrations of the removal of bullets by field surgeons. The "Cirugia" is justly celebrated for its profusion of fine woodcuts, some half- or full-page. It includes original illustrations for cranial surgery. "Croce improved the instruments for trephination, and published classic woodcuts depicting the operation, including the first illustrations of a neurological surgery actually taking place. The work is also important for Croce’s description of cranial and cerebral diseases. In hundreds of woodcuts of instruments and procedures Croce illustrated all of the instruments used before and during his own time" (Garrison-Morton). "The various types of arrows, spears, and bullets used in warfare of his day are also illustrated as well as several scenes of the typical operating room of the sixteenth century" (Heirs of Hippocrates). Concerning the trepan, Croce used a brace and drill stock, to which the circular saw or a sharp perforator was fixed with a screw (see: C.J.S. Thompson, History of Surgical Instruments, 1942, p. 40, with illustration). Giovanni Andrea della Croce (1514-1575), a native of Croce d’Ampugnani in Corsica, practiced at Venice and played an important part in the rise of surgery during the Italian Renaissance. He was certainly familiar with Pare’s methods, and probably learned of them through Guido Guidi of Paris. Of this first Italian edition, only one other copy has sold since 2012 according to Rare Book Hub, unless we consider the gravely defective copy that was offered on three different occasions by Kiefer, which with good reason always failed to sell. Ours is the only copy currently on the market, complete or otherwise. Wellcome I, 1668 (inexplicably fols. *3v-*4r in their online surrogate are not reproduced). This edition not in Waller, Osler, or Adams.
Liber d[e] quadruplici vita[;] theologia Asclepii .[;] Sixti . Enchiridion[;] Isocratis Ad demonicum oratio .[;] Silve medicinales . Including: Tropheum Gallorum quadruplice .

Liber d[e] quadruplici vita[;] theologia Asclepii .[;] Sixti . Enchiridion[;] Isocratis Ad demonicum oratio .[;] Silve medicinales . Including: Tropheum Gallorum quadruplice .

Champier, Symphorien 2 parts in 1 volume, 4to. Collation: a6 b-k8 l6 A-G8 = 140 ff., COMPLETE. Persistent dampstain (not egregious) along 2" of top edge of text-block. Title-page in red and black with woodcut borders surrounding a large woodcut initial "D" with an Angel and Tree (?Jannot Deschamp’s device); in the second part there is a woodcut of St. Louis, King of France; Deschamp’s large device is found on fol. Gii. Altogether seven woodcuts (repeated) and two 15th-century metal engravings, depicting respectively the Adoration of the Magi and a Bishop kneeling before a Pope. Attractive old limp polished vellum, stained red now pleasingly faded (a little worn), later pastedowns and endpapers, traces of two pair of red silk ties, yapp edges. Fascinating volume of medical, theological, and historical opuscula compiled, and primarily written, by the Lyon phyisician and humanist Symphorien Champier. Most of the works in the present volume appear here for the first time. This first edition is illustrated two 15th-century METAL CUTS impressed from the original blocks, as well as a beautiful woodcut of Champier and his wife kneeling before St. Symphorien, and the superb printer’s device of Jannot Deschamps that has been described as "une des plus gracieuses parmi celles des imprimeurs lyonnois" (Allut). As we learn from sale catalogue of the Otto Schafer collection (whose copy realized USD $8,625 in 1995), "the two metalcuts (A8r, E8v) are of German origin, being descended among the typographica of Johann Neumeister. Neumeister used them first in his Mainz edition of the Meditationes of Turrecremata (1479), then in his reprint, Albi, 1481. Neumeister eventually moved into the printing trade in Lyons, where by the turn of the century he seems to have ended bankrupt."CONTENTS: Part I contains works on medicine and health, combating the current astrological notions on the influence of constellations on diseases, but permeated by an occultist-mystical tinge. The first and foremost is Champier’s "Liber de quadruplici vita" (see below) in which he contests the astrological notion that the stars influence one’s life and health. This is followed by the Theology of Asclepius, a disciple of Hermes Trismegistus (Corpus Hermeticum XVI), translated from the Greek by Lodovico Lazzarelli; the "Enchiridion" formerly attributed to Pope Sixtus II; "Ad demonicum," a Latin translation of a Greek oration by Isocrates; Champier’s own "Silve medicinales," an alphabetical list of pharmaceuticals extending 48-pages; and more. Especially noteworthy is Champier’s "Liber de quadruplici vita," in which he condemn’s the very foundations of Ficino’s "De triplici vita." As Thorndike reports: "[Champier’s] opposition to astrology, especially in medicine, was carried farther than even that of Gerson." In the third book ("De Vita Caelitus Comparanda") Champier disputes astral influences upon the health of mankind. Notably, he approaches the subject not as a physician but as a metaphysician. He writes about the perception that the stars can threaten man’s health, freedom, destiny, and Providence. Champier intends to clearly mark the limits of astral power, and vehemently indicts all forms of astrology. Part II ("Tropheum Gallorum"), not present in all copies, has its own title-page and was clearly intended for publication with the first part. In it we find a history of France up to the time of Louis XII; a history of Lyon which includes descriptions of its antiquities and even inscriptions; and one of the EARLIEST BIBLIOGRAPHIES of French authors ("De viris illustribus nec non preclaris totius gallie scriptoribus") which extends to some 9 pages. Champier (ca. 1471-1537) studied at the University of Paris and medical school in Montpellier. "During his career, he engaged in the active practice of medicine and was a major figure in Lyons’ Renaissance" (Heirs of Hippocrates 167). Paul Allut, Etude biographique et bibliographique sur Symphorien Champier (1859) no. VII (pp. 149-152), gives the fullest description of the present work. Adams C-1321. Baudrier XI, pp. 207-209. Durling 936. Isabelle Pantin, "Un debat sur les influences astrales (1507): Champier et Ficin" in: Bibliothèque d’Humanisme et Renaissance, Tom. 39, No. 3 (1977), pp. 545-547. See Thorndike’s chapter on Champier in "History of Magic and Experimental Science," vol. V. Scarce on the market: in the last 52 years only one other complete copy has appeared at auction, namely the bespoke Otto Schafer copy (Sotheby’s New York, 1 November 1995, lot 58 — purchased by H.P. Kraus at Sotheby’s London, 1 March 1966, lot 25). SOURCE: Rare Book Hub, which as of this writing has more than 8,600,000 records in the Rare Book Transaction History.
The Comedie of Errors" [Complete Play Extracted from the Second Folio edition of the Comedies

The Comedie of Errors" [Complete Play Extracted from the Second Folio edition of the Comedies, Histories, and Tragedies]

Shakespeare, William Folio (305 x 210 mm; 12 x 8"). Paginated 85-100. Large woodcut headpiece. Bound by Bernard Middleton in full calf antique, tooled to a Cambridge design: contrasting paneled boards with outer frame and inner panel sprinkled, fillets and corner ornaments tooled in blind, sympathetic pastedowns and endpapers. Title lettered in gilt direct on front cover, along with "Second Folio 1632." Signed by Bernard Middleton in calligraphic script on final binder’s leaf. Excellent condition. Beautifully bound copy of the entire play of the Comedy of Errors extracted from the Second Folio. This is one of the most desirable of all the comedies in the Shakespearian canon. The Comedy of Errors is justly famous for its slapstick humor, puns, clever word games, and riotous instances of mistaken identity. Even the title itself has passed into the English language as an idiom for a series of riculous errors. The play involves two sets of identical twins, all separated at birth. It shows Shakespeare’s mastery of the art of comedy in the broadest sense, while obliquely referencing the failures of the Elizabethan feudal economy. The binder of our copy was the legendary Bernard Middleton (1932-2019). Middleton trained at the Central School of Art and Design in London and spent many years at the bindery of the British Museum / British Library; afterwards he managed Zaehnsdorf, one of the most prestigious binderies in London, and then established his own business. He wrote extensively on the history of bookbinding; produced many designer bindings; and received commissions from noted collectors, academic institutions and libraries. He was elected a fellow of the Royal Society of Arts in 1951 and received an MBE in 1986. As is well known, the so-called First Folio edition of Shakespeare’s incomparable "Comedies, Histories, and Tragedies" is now practically unobtainable; today even single plays from the First Folio sell in the six-figures: most recently the "Tragedie of Julius Caesar" was offered at Bonhams New York and realized USD $175,000 including buyer’s premium (the original estimate was $50,000 – $70,000). We are offering a finely bound copy of the entire play of "The Comedy of Errors" from the Second Folio for a fraction of that price (approximately 2.5%).
De Vigo en francoys sensuit La practique et cirurgie de tres excellent docteur en medecine Maistre Jehan de Vigo / nouvellement translatee de latin en francoys

De Vigo en francoys sensuit La practique et cirurgie de tres excellent docteur en medecine Maistre Jehan de Vigo / nouvellement translatee de latin en francoys

Vigo, Johannes de / Giovanni da (ca. 1450 - ca. 1525) 4to. 2 parts in one volume. 199, [1], 26, [6] ff. Collation: Ad I: a-z8 (u, w omitted), A-B8. Ad II: a-d8. COMPLETE. Full calf antique, blind tooled in the style of the early 16th-century. Title-page a little soiled (old repair at inside margin, affecting woodcut border), several early ownership inscriptions washed out, ink stain on fol. 75v, staining in final 10 ff. (most pronounced on final leaf, which bears Bounyn’s BB device). ONE OF THE FOREMOST BOOKS ON SURGERY TO APPEAR IN THE 16TH CENTURY. This is the scarce first French edition, which is also the first in any vernacular language. Vigo’s exceptional "Cirurgie" is justly considered to be the most complete system of surgery after that of Guy de Chauliac. Vigo was a pioneer of modern surgery, and was one of the first to provide a coherent treatise for the discipline. "It was a book which especially suited a practitioner who knew nothing of anatomy and feared or dislike to make use of the knife" (Garrison-Morton). This was the first major surgical work to discuss syphilis, and one of the only works before the time of Pare to treat gunshot wounds — the two greatest problems faced by surgeons before the Renaissance" (Norman). That Pare’s used the 1525 French edition of Vigo is clear from his reference to it on p. 358 of the 1575 Oeuvres. In addition, there are long sections on anatomy, abscesses, wounds, ulcers, gout, toothache, fractures and dislocations, remedies and antidotes, maritime diseases, aphrodisiacs, cosmetics, obesity and anorexia, as well as methods of removing dead fetuses. The "Cirurgie" remained a standard work for more than a century after its first appearance in Latin in 1514. Attesting to its international influences are the translations into six languages, going through more than forty editions. Little is known about the French translator, Nicolas Godin, except that he lived at the beginning of the sixteenth century in Arras, where he was a pensioner. Rare Book Hub, which currently lists more than 8,600,000 records in the Rare Book Transactions Database, reports that the last time a copy of this 1525 French edition to appear on the market was in 1925 (sic), namely E.P. Goldschmidt Catalogue 6, but we have observed that currently there is a copy, lacking the final text leaf, in the possession of a Parisian dealer (on offer at EUR 3500). Garrison & Morton 5559-1. NLM/Durling 4620. Waller 9969 (lacks final leaf).
Earthquake Sermon]. A Sermon Preached at Haberdashers-Hall

Earthquake Sermon]. A Sermon Preached at Haberdashers-Hall, November 30th, on occasion of the Tremendous Earthquake at Lisbon, November 1, 1755

Gibbons, Thomas 8vo. (7.75 x 4.75"). [iv], 44 pp. Modern wrappers in the antique style with calligraphic title on the front cover and artificial "soiling." Last pages a little soiled some slight browning water staining at fore-edge and bottom corner otherwise good. SERMON ON THE 1755 GREAT LISBON EARTHQUAKE, which in combination with subsequent fires and a tsunami almost totally destroyed the city and adjoining areas; estimates put the death toll in Lisbon alone between 10,000 and 100,000 people. As the first earthquake studied scientifically for its effects over a large area, it led to the birth of modern seismology and earthquake engineering. The 1755 Great Lisbon Earthquake strongly influenced current politics, philosophy, and worldwide economy. The Sermon begins: "The last Week has brought us an Account of a late tremendous Earthquake at Lisbon, a very fair, rich, and noble City, and the Metropolis of the Kingdom of Portugal. Not only the royal Palace, the Churches, and most of the stately Buildings have been destroyed by this dismal Calamity, but the Lives, it is to be feared, of many Thousands of Inhabitants have perished in the general Desolation. [NB: It has been reported since, that some detestable Villains set Fire to the Palace, and one of the Churches]. Alarm and Distress are now spread every where among us, and so much the more, as the mercantile Interests of these Kingdoms are so deeply concerned in this dreadful Catastrophe." On page 28: "The Earthquake, in five Minutes, destroyed the Palace, Churches, and most of the stately Buildings, and the Flames were still destroying the Remains of the City, from one Extremity to the other, when the Courier came away" (London Gazette, Nov. 29, 1755).ESTC T04254 (BL, John Rylands, N-Y Historical, and Univ. of Oregon).
Bloodletting]. De venae sectione in inflammationibus quibuscunque fluxione genitis per sanguinis missionem curandis

Bloodletting]. De venae sectione in inflammationibus quibuscunque fluxione genitis per sanguinis missionem curandis

Panizza (or Paniza), Ludovicus / Lodovico / Luigi Folio. [2], 120 (recte: 103), [1] ff. + final blank. Collation: [*]4 A6 B6 c-e6 f6 (+1) g-q6 r8 (including final blank leaf r8), COMPLETE. Title-page with large printer’s device (below a pyramid: "Prudentia Perpetuat"), verso blank; A2 with full-page woodcut portrait of the author, verso blank; A3 with full-page woodcut of classical philosophers and physicians surrounding the author (cropped with loss of about 1 cm on outer edge), verso blank. A few letters of shoulder notes on P5v cropped. Large 9-line historiated woodcut initial on A3r. Letter "H" on headline of n2v added in contemporary MS (almost certainly by the printer). Early ownership inscription on title effaced. Modern boards covered with large vellum bifolium in Hebrew, marbled pastedowns and endpapers, yapp edges. Bookplate of Piergiordio Borio M.D. by E. De Pasquale. Blood Circulation and Bloodletting in the Renaissance. This "execrable" and "barbarous" work is nonetheless prized on account of the spectacular full-page woodcut portrait of the author, and the unprecedented full-page academic disputation scene: here the author, seated at his writing desk (which is illuminated by a putto) and attended by Wisdom, finds acclaim from classical and "modern" physicians and philosophers; the six "modern" physicians were in fact Panizzi’s contemporaries and are identified by the abbreviations in the books that lay before them (their names are given in full on fol. b2v and b3r). This woodcut is one of the very few Renaissance representations of a public disputation on bloodletting; its significance was not lost on Allen George Debus who reproduced it in "The French Paracelsians: The Chemical Challenge to Medical and Scientific Tradition in Early Modern France" (p. 4) as an example of an academic disputation. The subject under consideration, the manner of bloodletting, was worthy of dispute. K.P. Sprengel claimed that Panizza here labored to produce a defence of the Arabian method of bloodletting that was "execrable in style, and so barbarous in its intent and conception as an attempted logical dissertation, that it wearied the brains of those who undertook to unravel or to comprehend his methods of reasoning." P.C. Remondino writes: "Being possessed, in common with all men of his class, with the most indefinite and rambling notions concerning the existence, etiology, and pathology of the morbid humors, and utterly at sea as to an information of the existence, objects, courses, or play of the circulation in the economy, [Panizzi] reasoned from a bewildering and barbarous mixture of geometrical and astrological premises, arguing that it was best to bleed from a distant part or vein, as, for the first 8 days of a disease, the determination of the mass of blood towards the affected parts would necessarily be inconsiderable, therefore he advised that for this primary period of invasion it was best to follow the Arabian system of bleeding; after which, if the disease still persisted, blood might then be drawn from a nearer vein according to the Hippocratic or Greek system. When we consider the paludal nature of the country in which the mathematic and geometric Panizza practised his skill, the great heat in the valleys at noon and the nearness of the mountains which at times suddenly and unexpectedly pour down the most chilling of blasts, inducing all manner of fever and of acute congestive attacks either of the thoracic or abdominal organs, we feel that either the inhabitants or Panizza must have gone early, as he must, if he lived long enough, have been a most deadly practitioner, and unless Providence took him off in time, it is safe to say that he would have depopulated the country just as he horrified all logical minds by his barbarous dissertations." (SOURCE: "History of the Evolutionary Process that Led to the Discovery of the Circulation of the Blood by William Harvey" in: Philadelphia Monthly Medical Journal, 1899, vol. I, p. 654). COMMENT: This was no doubt an expensive medical book to print and publish in 1561, suggesting that Ludovico Panizza (Lodovico Paniza) possessed a great deal of resources and connections. It is therefore remarkable that the fame of this Mantuan physician — who is so graphically exalted herein, and who received such praise from his contemporaries on fols. 73-120 (recte: 103), has otherwise vanished. We know, however, that he was the personal physician to the Duke of Mantua. Vesalius describes him as "a famous doctor of my age" (The China Root Epistle, trans. Daniel Garrison, p. 43). The works of Vesalius appears herein on fols. 28v and 51v (recte: 52v). Adams P-166. Wellcome I, 4710. Edit16 CNCE 53686 (wrong collation: it is fol. *103* that is missigned "120," not fol. 102).
De la psychose paranoiaque dans ses rapports avec la personnalite

De la psychose paranoiaque dans ses rapports avec la personnalite

Lacan, Jacques Small 4to. 10 ff., [ix]-xiii, [1], 381 pp., 1 f. Original wrappers, worn, evidence of adhesive tape covering spine at some point, creased, inside front wrapper traces of early book label, ink stamp of the Jesuit Library at Jersey (near Normandy): "Dom S. Aloys Jerseiens S. J." on half-title. A well used but sound copy, preserved in a lig-free four flap chemise. Groundbreaking psychiatric thesis on paranoid schizophrenia which was seized upon by the Surrealists. This dissertation documents the extraordinary account of the case of "Aimee," aka Marguerite Anzieu (1892-1981), written not in the form of a clinical study but as a novel, complete with poetry and automatic-writings by the patient. THE CASE: Aimee / Marguerite had been raised by a mother who was suffering from persecution symptoms. In 1910 took a job at the Post Office; in 1921, she started showing signs of strange behavior, including persecution mania and depression. In 1930 she became convinced that she the subject of persecution by Huguette Duflos, a famous actress, and she (unsuccessfully) tried to assassinate her "tormentor." Aimee was interned at the Sainte-Anne hospital, where she began receiving treatment by Jacques Lacan, who diagnosed her with erotomania, paranoia, and self-injury disorder. According to Salvador Dali, "To [Lacan’s] thesis, we are indebted for giving us, for the first time, a global and homogeneous idea of the [paranoid] phenomenon, beyond any of the abject notions in which psychiatry at present is mired" [.] "The young psychiatrist was not satisfied with effecting a brilliant critical synthesis among several trends of French thought; he also proposed a writing of madness which was as innovative at the time as that of Breton or Bataille. Instead of a traditional case history, we find in the 1932 thesis a novel 150 pages in length, in the style of Flaubert, that is, in a literary language irreducible to the wooden prose of psychiatric discourse. Lacan recounts his heroine’s adventures with the pen of an authentic writer, displacing on the character of Aimée the misfortunes of a contemporary Emma Bovary. That in fact is the greatest originality of this innovative book." (SOURCE: Elisabeth Roudinesco, Jacques Lacan & Co. A History of Psychoanalysis in France, 1925-1985, pp. 111-112; see also Roudinesco, Lacan: Envers et Contre Tout, 2011). First Edition, second issue, with the caption "Chef de clinique a la Faculte de Medecine de Paris" below the author’s name on the title-page.
The Earth Delivered from the Curse to Which It Is

The Earth Delivered from the Curse to Which It Is, at Present, Subjected. A Sermon Occasioned by the Late Earthquakes in Spain

Chauncy, Charles D. D. 8vo. 7.5 x 4.75" bound in recent sympathetic wrappers. Pp. 5-28. Small number in the upper corner of title page; small chip to lower corner; light, uniform age-toning; very good condition. Colonial Earthquake Sermon printed in BOSTON. Charles Chauncy (1705-1787) was an American Congregational Pastor of the First Church in Boston and, arguably, one of the most influential religious figures of New England during his lifetime. He was the grandson of the second President of Harvard, he himself held a Masters’ of Divinity from the university, he vehemently defended Universalism, and greatly opposed the evangelical revitalization movement sweeping the Colonies in the mid-1700s known as the First Great Awakening. The earthquakes to which Chauncy referred in his lecture were the Cape Ann Earthquake and the devastating Great Lisbon Earthquake, both in November of 1755. According to him, the Earth had undergone a great alteration since the Fall of Adam and Eve and had been cursed to endure terrible trials and disasters for generations. After quoting various texts in support of his theory, he concluded that the world had been "cleansed" and was reverting to its pre-Garden of Eden state "and that the very world we now live in thus changed and made new is the place where good men after the resurrection and judgment shall live and reign with Christ forever and ever."
An Alarm to a Careless World: A Discourse occasioned by the late Earthquakes

An Alarm to a Careless World: A Discourse occasioned by the late Earthquakes, Preached November 30th, 1755, being the first Sunday in Advent at St. Dunstan’s in the West

Romaine, William 8vo. [viii], 24 pp., disbound (removed from a nonce volume). Front cover a little soiled, water mark at fore-edge and bottom throughout otherwise a good copy. Preserved in a mylar L-sleeve backed with lig-free board. Curious sermon occasioned by the 1755 London earthquakes. From the important Preface, which was not included in the 1st edition: "It is one very prevailing opinion, that earthquakes are not common in this country. They are not. But the less common they are, the more should they alarm us when they come; for there is a providence over this country, and when He orders, our land shall shake and reel like a drunkard. He sent two earthquakes lately, to stir us up to repentance, and he who sent these can send a third, and London may share the fate of Lisbon. It is another opinion, that earthquakes are the effects of second causes. Be it so. Then there is a first cause on whom they depend. But the learned can give a philosophical account of them, What! such an account, I suppose, as they did of the earthquakes in the year 1750, by changing their names into airquakes, and then they were explained philosophically. It will not be so easy to account for the shaking of the land for several hundred miles, and of the sea for several thousands at once, which was the case in these last earthquakes." According to Romaine’s biographer: "The times in which he was called to the exercise of his ministry in the West End of the metropolis were distinguished by some signal judgments of Almighty God; such particularly as were the earthquakes by which Lisbon was destroyed, and London threatened, two shocks having been felt in it, and a third expected" (Cadogan, p. 21). See also D.G. Davis, The evangelical revival in eighteenth century England as reflected in the life and work of William Romaine (1714-1795), PhD Thesis, Univ. Edinburgh, 1949, p. 92. This edition is a reissue of the sheets of the first edition, with a 6-page preface added and an altered title-page. ESTC T25797 (no copy in America; in the UK: BL, CUL, and Bodleian only). W.B. Cadogan, "Life of the Rev. William Romain. A Catalogue of the Writings" (entry 1755).
Opus de re medica

Opus de re medica, nunc primum integrum latinitate donatum per Ioannem Guinterium Andernacum (Johann Winter von Andernach)

Paulus Aegineta (Paul of Aegina) Large folio. [40], 47, [9], 39, [9], 127, [9], 48, [8], 24, [8], 83, [9], 158 pp. + final blank leaf. COMPLETE. Large Colines woodcut device on title. Some spotting along fore-edges and occasional traces of damp; old ex-libris stamps on title and following leaf effaced; lower margin of Aa1 torn away and filled in. Early ownership inscription: Prior Duys (?) 1834 (and signed again on Ff7); W.A. Getz, 1874; modern bookplate. Late 17th- or early 18th-century binding, quite unlike anything we have encountered: the glazed paper was evidently applied to thick paper boards that had been tooled with a large framed lozenge on both covers; the glazed papers were ingeniously mottled to resemble calfskin (joints splitting, headcap chipped, extremities rubbed), red morocco label (title) lettered in gilt; added paper label (author and date) lettered in MS. First Complete Edition, newly translated from the Greek into Latin, of the most important textbook of medical procedure that has survived from Antiquity. This edition was carefully prepared by noted physician and humanist Johann Winter who describes the three (!) sources utilized by him: an early MS formerly in the possession of Janus Lascaris, a truly "ancient" MS belonging to Jean Ruel, and the Aldine editio princeps in Greek (1528). The present edition contains all seven surviving books of the greatest physician of the Byzantium era. The seven books treat hygiene, dietetics, pathology, cranial diseases, leprosy, skin diseases, poisons, pharmacology and — most importantly — surgery, "The principal medical work of the Byzantine era" (Stillwell). This particular book contains many important and original contributions to the field, particularly concerning operations and the treatment of fractures and dislocations. This book is invaluable as it contains first-hand descriptions of ophthalmic surgery as performed in antiquity. Furthermore we find accounts of tonsillectomies, tracheotomies, catheterization, hemorrhoidectomies, lithotomies, and the surgical treatment of nasal polyps and even abdominal parasites. Paul of Aegina (ca. 625-690) was the outstanding surgeon of antiquity, the importance of his work on late Medieval and early Renaissance physicians is attested by the number of early printed editions. Stillwell states that "The extreme practicality of the text and its consequent use doubtless accounts for its rarity today." The present edition has always been prized due to the accuracy of the text and the beauty of Colines’ typography, and consequently one finds a copy on the market with some regularity. The binding on the present copy is highly curious, the mottled glazed boards strongly resembling mottled calf (see above). Indeed, when this copy appeared at Christie’s London, 27 Nov. 2012, lot 162, it was misdescribed as 19th-century calf; the early ownership inscriptions were similarly convoluted. Schrieber, Colines, 89. Durling 3551. Stillwell, Awakening Interest in Science 473. Garrison-Morton 36. Leonardo, Lives of Master Surgeons, p. 331 et seq. Osler 439. Choulant 132.
Primitiae anatomicae de humani corporis ossibus. BOUND WITH: Succenturiatus anatomicus continens commentaria in Hippocratem de capitis vulneribus. ISSUED WITH: A. Cornelii Celsi de re medica liber octavus

Primitiae anatomicae de humani corporis ossibus. BOUND WITH: Succenturiatus anatomicus continens commentaria in Hippocratem de capitis vulneribus. ISSUED WITH: A. Cornelii Celsi de re medica liber octavus

Paaw, Petrus Small 4to. 3 works in one vol. I: [16], 188 pp. + 1 (of 2) ff., lacking final leaf with dedicatory verse, but with the Errata leaf (neither of which are present in copies at Countway and elsewhere). Title-page woodcut after Durer’s Dance of Death series. II: [22] (of 24, lacking title-page with author’s portrait on verso), 270 pp. III: [2], 128 pp. Some plates with old repairs. Bound in contemporary polished Dutch vellum, yapp edges (textblock detached from vellum casing at end), spine lettered in early MS. All first editions. Our copy is distinguished by having the spectacular folding Theatrum Anatomicum plate, engraved by Andries Jacobsz Stock after a painting by Jacob de Ghein, not present in all copies. This celebrated illustration depicts an anatomical demonstration by Paaw surrounded by two dogs and ca. 50 men: knights, savants, peasants, and burghers, who can be differentiated by their clothes. Above all stands a skeleton holding a banner which bears this inscription: Mors ultima linea rerum. The illustration was based on that which appears in Vesalius’ Fabrica (Paaw was a great champion of Vesalius and published his own edition of the Epitome in 1616). Ad 1: "First fruits of the anatomy of human bones," Paaw’s principle work, ILLUSTRATED WITH 25 FINE ENGRAVINGS in the text. In this work appear several important discoveries in Craniology and Osteology. Ad 2: The cranium / wounds of the head, containing Paaw’s commentaries on the books of Hippocrates (De capitis vulneribus) and Celsus (De re medicina) concerning wounds of the head, ILLUSTRATED WITH 58 FINE ENGRAVINGS in the text, some of the most remarkable being instruments of trepanation. The first is in Greek and Latin, the second in Latin only. This Sammelband contains 5 folding plates (including the Anatomical Theatre) which are for the most part bound in surprising places throughout the Sammelband. While it is lacking the child skeleton plate (opposite p. 40 in the first work), it contains a duplicate of the dissected cranium plate (bound opposite p. 48 in the Primitiae and p. 48 in the Succenturiatus). In themselves the two publications themselves are bibliographically complex, particularly when bound together at an early date, as here: the number of plates seems to vary from copy to copy, causing problems for 20th- and 21st-century bibliographers. We have examined our copy alongside several others: it seems to contain the requisite plates that were issued by the publisher for the two works, save the aforementioned duplicate plate, and the plate which is lacking. It is not clear why the final leaf of the Primitiae and the title-page for the Succenturiatus are no longer present. In completely unrestored state. With faults, and priced accordingly. Heirs of Hippocrates 401. Krivatsy 8697.
Catalogue de la bibliotheque de feu M. Falconet

Catalogue de la bibliotheque de feu M. Falconet, medecin consultant du roi [.]

FALCONET, Camille (1671-1762) Two volumes, 8vo. (197 x 136 mm). Ad I: [a]4, b-e4, f2, A-3Y4. 1 f., v-xliv, 543 pp. Ad II: A-5M4. 1 f., [3]-829 pp. Contemporary vellum over pasteboard (worn). Vol. II recased, with some damage to head cap and old restorations to spine and lower board, both end bands somewhat worn. Interior: Scattered minor stains and soiling. This is very likely the first book auction catalogue to include a separate chapter of Americana (see Vol. II, 363-368). 19,798 lots, PRICED. The fruits of seven decades of assiduous and selective collecting, particularly in medicine, the arts and sciences—more than 5800 lots in all branches of science, and a further 1500 in economics, logic and politics. So strong were the offerings of medical books the catalogue is considered de rigueur in the Special Collections at the world’s major medical libraries: the Wellcome Trust, the New York Academy of Medicine, Harvard Countway, the National Library of Medicine, others. There are 3,672 lots of medical books which encompasses 202 pages (pp. 249-451). This was tantamount to a bibliography of pre-1763 medicine and is still valuable. Falconet had 4 Vesalius volumes, to wit: 7279: Examen Anatomicarum 1564 – sold for 1 livre 19 sols. 7280: De humani corporis fabrica, 1543 – bought by BnF before the sale (see below) 7281: Idem., 1568 – bought by BnF before the sale, but in the margin is the price of 10 livres 7282: Eiusdem, Epitome anatomica, 1616 – sold for 1 livre (together with lot 7283). The Bibliothèque du roi (later the Bibliothèque Nationale) was given right of first refusal on the roughly 60,000 books (many were multi-volume lots), and indeed selected roughly 11,000 for their shelves before the auction; these lots are bracketed.* The catalogue, which was edited by Jacque-Marie Barrois and compiled by Jean Capperonnier, includes a life of Falconet,** a bibliography of his works, a eulogy by Jean le Thieullier, an "Eclaircissemens sur quelques articles de ce catalogue," a detailed table of contents, and a copious 348-page index of authors in two columns. Falconet (1671-1762) was Medecin consultant du Roi to both Louis XIV and his son Louis XV, and was Doyen des medecins de la Faculte de Paris. Not surprisingly, during his long life Falconet also accumulated an extraordinary working collection of library catalogues and book auction catalogues, the latter numbering more than 150 lots, some as recent as the year preceding his death; included are many notorious rarities. The present copy is priced in a minuscule hand in red ink, with all prices being perfectly legible. The sale realized 39,062 livres, and, as the pricing reveals, there were few unsold lots. Taylor p. 240-1 (counting 19,179 lots); North 169 (bound in three volumes); Blogie II, Col. 9 (indicating s.m.n.j; other references state 6 March as starting date of sale); Peignot, p. 97 ("Ce catalogue est un des plus considérables qui existent."); Brunet (Dictionnaire de Bibliologie Catholique), Col. 457 (counting 39,962 livres as the aggregate price realized).Notes: *Regnard, E. Nouvelle biographie universelle [ ] Vol. XVIII. Falconet, Camille. Paris: Firmin-Didot, 1852, Col 39-40.**Le Beau, Charles. Eloge historique de M. Falconet, lu dans l’Assemblée publique de l’Académie Royale des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres, le 12 novembre 1762. Paris: Durand, 1762.
Epithoma responsionis ad Martinum Lutherum per Fratrem Sylvestrum de Prierio. Martini Lutheri Epistola ad Lectorum.

Epithoma responsionis ad Martinum Lutherum per Fratrem Sylvestrum de Prierio. Martini Lutheri Epistola ad Lectorum.

Silvestro Mazzolini da Prierio. [With Foreward and Afterword by Martin Luther] Quarto, 180 x 140 x 2 mm. A-B4,C6; [14] ff. Modern plain wrappers of thick 18th-century paper; some wear to extremities. Interior: Sound. Luther attacks the primacy of the Pope, being his refutation Prierias’s 1519 "De juridica et irrefragabili veritate Romanae" that had been used in the trail against Luther. It is not without interest that Curio has employed a historiated woodcut initial ["P"] depicting a scene of two children inflicting WATERBOARDING torture on a baby strapped into a rocking cradle. Prierias’s work is here published in its entirety by the Swiss supporter of the nascent Reformation, Valentin Curio. It is noteworthy that Curio adds Luther’s own "Letter to the Reader," a remarkable argument against the claims that follow, namely that the Pope was the infallible judge of all controversies, the head of all that is spiritual and secular, the head of the Church, and ultimately of the whole universe. Not surprisingly, Luther rails against such "blasphemy." "Now he had to proclaim the state of emergency. In his response to Prierias, published in June, 1520 ‘for the information of all Christians,’ he warned of the god-awful consequences that would arise from Rome’s suppression of the Gospel. His every word vibrates with fear and trembling before this gaping threat of the final perversion of all order and virtue. No later Protestant will ever be able to imagine the full intensity of Luther’s anguish: ‘So farewell, ill-fated, doomed, blasphemous Rome; the wrath of God has come over you.’" (SOURCE: H.A. Oberman, Luther: Man Between God and the Devil. New Haven & London: Yale University Press, 1989, pp. 42-43). Prierias (1460-1523) was the first "attack dog" of the Papacy against Martin Luther, and was the first theologian to publish substantively and consistently against the great Reformer (they would engage in a long epistolary battle). VD16 M 1752 (assigning printer and date).
Measure for Measure" [Extracted from the Second Folio edition of the Comedies

Measure for Measure" [Extracted from the Second Folio edition of the Comedies, Histories, and Tragedies]

Shakespeare, William Folio (305 x 210 mm; 12 x 8"). Paginated 61-84. Large woodcut headpiece. Bound by Bernard Middleton in full calf antique, tooled to a Cambridge design: contrasting paneled boards with outer frame and inner panel sprinkled, fillets and corner ornaments tooled in blind, sympathetic pastedowns and endpapers. Title lettered in gilt direct on front cover, along with "Second Folio 1632." Signed by Bernard Middleton in calligraphic script on final binder’s leaf. Excellent condition. Beautifully bound copy of the entire play "Measure for Measure" extracted from the Second Folio. This is one of the most desirable of all the plays in the Shakespearian canon, and remains one of the finest works in Elizabethan drama. Measure for Measure is so justly famous that it requires little introduction. It first appeared in the First Folio of 1623 (there were no quarto editions that preceded it) followed by the present Second Folio edition of 1632. Because the play does not end tragically, it is technically a comedy, but modern critics describe it as one of Shakespeare’s "problem plays," incredibly deep and complex. In it, Shakespeare explores themes of corruption and incorruptability; sin and virtue; the responsibility of civil law; morality and the dichotomy of justice and mercy. The binder of our copy was the legendary Bernard Middleton (1932-2019). Middleton trained at the Central School of Art and Design in London and spent many years at the bindery of the British Museum / British Library; afterwards he managed Zaehnsdorf, one of the most prestigious binderies in London, and then established his own business. He wrote extensively on the history of bookbinding; produced many designer bindings; and received commissions from noted collectors, academic institutions and libraries. He was elected a fellow of the Royal Society of Arts in 1951 and received an MBE in 1986. As is well known, the so-called First Folio edition of Shakespeare’s incomparable "Comedies, Histories, and Tragedies" is now practically unobtainable; today even single plays from the First Folio sell in the six-figures: most recently the "Tragedie of Julius Caesar" was offered at Bonhams New York and realized USD $175,000 including buyer’s premium (the original estimate was $50,000 – $70,000). We are offering a finely bound copy of the entire play of "Measure for Measure" from the Second Folio for a fraction of that price (approximately 2.8%).
MANUSCRIPT: CATFIGHTING TRANSVESTITES]. Collection of 22 unpublished short stories (typescripts) about fictional Cat-Fights / She-Fights

MANUSCRIPT: CATFIGHTING TRANSVESTITES]. Collection of 22 unpublished short stories (typescripts) about fictional Cat-Fights / She-Fights

Susan Ondine, "The Cat-Fight Queen" (pseudonym) N.d. (ca. 2005?). Typescripts, together 151 sheets (typed on rectos), containing 22 stories (evidence of old paper-clips), each story enclosed within an acid-free sleeve, the whole collection preserved in a folding protective cloth case. Highly curious collection of manuscripts, being 22 unpublished Cross-Dressing Catfight fetish stories written by one "Susan Ondine, the Catfight Queen," a pseudonym for an unidentified Australian (?) transvestite male. We have uncovered instances of Susan Ondine’s participation in, and contributions to, online Catfight forums and chat-rooms, including some fictional stories. Apparently none of the stories in the present collection were ever published (online or in print). The terminal date of 2005 is supported by the fact that most of the manuscripts were typed on sheets of Eaton’s "Corrasable" typing paper which by 2005 was no longer manufactured. From his online postings we have learned that Susan Ondine is (or was?) an erstwhile "family man" and "professional." In one post Susan Ondine reveals that "I don’t want to actually hurt anyone but it’s one more step in being really female, if you can fight that way too." While the above statement suggests that Susan Ondine is a transgendered woman, technically he is a transvestic fetishist who is sexually arousal by dressing as a woman and fighting women. Thus the present collection explores transvestism and transgender roles through fiction, often pornographic. "Catfighting" devotees are usually male, and have a fetishistic appreciation of (and perhaps participate in) real or simulated female-on-female fighting. Susan Ondine belongs to a very small number of males who either engage in these activities, or long to do so. Susan Ondine’s website was apparently abandoned in 2002. He states that "This site is hosted by Susan Ondine for those who enjoy the sight and sounds and feelings of women in their unique feminine battles. Because I have enjoyed reading, writing about and viewing catfights between women on video, film and watching real or simulated action over many years. I am much more than an ordinary fan. I now dress as a woman to take part in catfights myself in full street clothes, high heels and all, before the clothing suffers the inevitable damage to reveal the glamorous undies which add so much to the spectacle. I am 5’6" and weigh 140 pounds and like nothing better than the traditional slapping, hair-pulling, roll-around catfights as typified in the early Stanton artwork and the videos of California Wildcats and Crystal Films." The name Stanton refers to Eric Stanton (1926-1999), an artist primarily known for 1960s sleaze paperbacks and comics ("Stantoons"), in which are depicted dominant women and fighting femmes. Concerning his fighting techniques, Susan Ondine states that he "learned from watching women going at it in the movies and the occasional real fight, before graduating into fights of my own with the help of a Sydney, Australian professional woman in her studio. At special sessions I watch and video real women in catfights and often challenge the woman or another cross-dresser. Now I know what our favorite girls go through in their feminine free-for-alls." References the work of J.T. (John Thomas) Edson (1928-2014), a prolific English author of escapism adventure and police-procedural novels, almost all of which described catfights in considerable detail. While the name "Susan Ondine" appears as the author of the first story, but not the others, it seems probable that all were written by him; but if not, who were these authors, and why was the present collection assembled? CONTENTS OF THE COLLECTION: I Fight Female (4 pages) Pull Her Hair, Honey! (2 pages) Powder-Room Cat-Fight (1 page) Bedroom Battle (3 pages) Susan and Kitty Go West (2 pages) Peggy and Debbie (5 pages) The Thompsons Meet The Petersons (28 pages) Lady’s Companion Required (9 pages) High School Hasslers (3 pages) Elevator Encounter (5 pages) Quiet Village (10 pages) My Maiden Girl Fight (As Told to a Sixteen-Year-Old Schoolgirl) (7 pages) A Countess Speaks (7 pages) Picking a Roomate (6 pages) Mexican Holiday (10 pages) Taking the Pill (8 pages) Barbi’s Dream (2 pages) One of a Kind (18 pages) The Tress Tuggers (6 pages) The Stepdaughters (8 pages) The Matrons (4 pages) Latin-American Tango (3 pages).
Immortality Demonstrated. Appeals to the Methodists

Immortality Demonstrated. Appeals to the Methodists

Gilbert Haven (1821-1880) 8vo. 17, [1] pp. Original printed wrappers; inside each is a biography of Gilbert Haven. Upper wrapper chipped and creased at outer margin, wrappers detached along 4.5" of spine. Preserved in a mylar sleeve. Decidedly scarce pamphlet by a noted Methodist Abolitionist; Worldcat lists only a single copy (SDSU). Curiously, "This little tract was written by the hand of a most excellent mechanical writing medium in Springfield, Mass., in February, 1890. The lady’s hand moved with great rapidity and without any apparent action of her will. She declared that she had no thought of what was to be penned, and the movement of her hand was independent of her volition" (from the cover wrapper, unnumbered page 3). We know of only a few Methodist tracts that were written beyond the grave. Haven was a great supporter of Lincoln’s 1864 reelection, admonishing all Methodists to "march to the ballot box, an army of Christ [.] and deposit a million votes." He was an active Abolitionist, and after the Civil War "he distinguished himself as a friend of the colored race" (cover wrapper, unnumbered page 2). In 1872 he was elected Bishop, and 1876 he went on mission to West Africa, visiting Methodist churches and preaching. After 46 days he returned, not knowing that he had contracted malaria; he spent the next four years battling the effects of the disease, yet he continued to preach, write, and hold conferences. Much of this information is presented in the rather abnormal "Sketch of the Earth Life of Gilbert Haven" (unnumbered pp. 2-3 of the wrappers). The present work was reprinted in an 1892 pamphlet under the title "Heavenly Messenger, Or, Immortality Demonstrated. Appeals to the Methodists." On p. 34 of said pamphlet is a Spirit Message from Abraham Lincoln, communicated to the Spiritualist Dr. Theodore Hansmann; Lincoln’s remarkable transmission was achieved by means of slate writing through the medium Pierre Keeler. Ours appears to be the only copy on the market.
Bishop Butler's Analogy of Religion

Bishop Butler’s Analogy of Religion, Natural and Revealed, to the Constitution and Course of Nature . . . with an Analysis, left unfinished, by the late Rev. Robert Emory, D. D. . . .

Amherst]. [Dickinson]. Joseph Butler 8vo, original blind-stamped brown cloth, gilt lettering, 368, 8 pages. This copy in rather rough shape, with the cloth of the spine lifting where it has cracked along the front hinge, the corners rubbed, some chipping to the head and foot of the spine, and a little shaking in a few gutters; better than one might expect of a 165-year old schoolbook. Preserved in a mylar sleeve. A volume showing ample evidence of use at Amherst College, with a very peripheral Emily Dickinson association. Among the cartoon caricatures (one of a Mesmerist) and doodles scribbled herein is reference to Amherst professor and president William Augustus Stearns (1805-1876) who annually taught the evidences of Christianity course from Butler’s "Analogy" (the present text). This copy bears evidence on its endpapers and on several other pages attesting it was used by at least one or more Amherst students (cf. inscription on page vii, "Prex Stearns"). Morever, there is a pencil inscription on a front blank: "Rufus Choate, Jr. Boston Mass.," with a note below that in the same hand, "April." In the rear endpapers one finds an inscription, "W. DICKINSON DOES NOT OWN THIS BOOK. AMHERST." Rufus Choate, Jr. and William Eastman Dickinson were both members of the Amherst class of 1855. When a volume in Amherst in this period bears the name of Dickinson (even if this Dickinson "does not own this book"), one is impelled to dig a little further. William Eastman Dickinson (1832-1905) was born in Amherst and he was a cousin of Emily Dickinson. (William and Emily could each trace their family tree back through Nathan Dickinson, 1712-1796; Nathan was William’s great-grandfather via Nathan’s second wife Joanna, and Emily’s great-great-grandfather through Nathan’s first wife, Thankful.) In 1855, when the present volume was almost certainly used at Amherst, Emily was evidently still sociable; she had visited her congressman father in Washington, D.C. early in the year, stopped off in Philadelphia (she was noted for her quality of conversation), and later that year apparently helped mount the Dickinson family’s annual celebratory tea for commencement that August (where she may have crossed paths with Emerson, who had been invited by the students to speak). Other branches of the Dickinson family note her visits with other cousins enrolled at Amherst around this time. And that the 24-year-old Emily (whose only published poems at this point were both comic pieces, "Magnum Bonum" and "Sic Transit Gloria Mundi") would likely have socialized at least with her cousin William, and perhaps with other undergraduates prone to neglecting their natural theology instead to doodle mesmerists, suggests at least the wider social context for the development of her attitudes and her wit—a peripheral association at best, but for those interested in the development of literary saints, who can say what relic might have some talismanic virtue.
Index: A.J. Diebold

Index: A.J. Diebold, Jr. Lumber Library

Diebold, A.J. (Alfred), Jr. Small 8vo. Preserved in a 4-flap lig-free case. Highly curious vernacular library catalogue of a private collection of books on lumber and forestry, thoughtfully arranged; the contents were typed on separate slips and inserted into an old six-ring binder (now worn). Vernacular library catalogues are uncommon; in our opinion, they merit further research as they provide a more balanced view of what people were ACTUALLY READING. Catalogues of working libraries are particularly interesting.This is clearly Diebold’s home-made catalogue of his own lumber library; for instance Diebold describes Capt. Barker’s 1903 "Lake Forest As I Have Known Them" as being "autographed by the author." Diebold continues: "Autobiography of a lumberman and guide in Northern New England. Good technical descriptions of working logs through the lakes with booms." There are 26 detailed descriptions of logging books dating from 1851 to 1952; following is an index (short titles) consisting of 9 leaves arranged into categories: Forestry, Anecdotes, Technical, and History.Alfred J. Diebold (1879-1966), a wealthy professional forester, resided in Pittsburg. He was treasurer and co-owner of the Forest Lumber Co. and of the Hassinger Lumber Co., and a partial owner of Diebold Investment Co. He served on the boards of many professional organizations, such as the National Wholesale Lumber Dealers’ Association.
Lettres a l'Amazone

Lettres a l’Amazone

Remy de Gourmont Small 4to. Woodcut frontispiece printed in black and sepia by P.-Eug. Vibert. Contemporary Art-Deco binding by Madeline Gras: full smooth green calf, front and back covers inlaid with two rectangles of brown calf, gilt with the title (upper cover) and oblong ornaments (lower cover), adorned with simple vertical black lines, top edges gilt, others gilt on the rough, endpapers and pastedowns of light brown silk, second endpapers of paper-thin wood (sic), original wrappers bound in (somewhat soiled). Traces of insignificant foxing on Curious pencil notes (by the binder?) on the Table, p. 3, and title-page (date 1914 erased). Original chemise and slipcase (a little worn): smooth light brown calf on spine of chemise, inlaid with brown labels in the center, gilt, boards of paper-thin wood, slipcase covered with paper-thin wood. One of 8 copies on Papier de Chine, from a total edition of 1075. The binding is signed MAD[ELINE] GRAS on the front turn-in. Madeline Gras (1891-1958), was a Parisian binder who first appeared in 1922 at the Salon de la Societe nationale des Beaux-Arts. She regularly exhibition at the Exposition des Artistes decorateurs from 1928 onward. Her skill was such that on occasion she was retained by noted Parisian binder Noulhac; her patrons included David Weill and other important bibliophiles. After WWII, she continued creating fine and decorative bindings until her death. Flety (p. 84) remarks on her inspiration "le plus heureuse la perfection technique de l’execution."Bookbindings by Madeline Gras are scarce on the market; only a single binding by her is traced on Rare Book Hub, which currently lists more than 8 million records in the Rare Book Transaction History database (Sothebys NY, 6/16/2005 lot 157). See: L.-M. Biheng-Martinon, Voyage au pays des relieurs (2004) p. 141.
A Medical Essay on the Nature

A Medical Essay on the Nature, Cause and Cure of Coughs

Brodum, William 12mo (10.5 x 17cm) xxiii, [1], 92, [2] pp., with stipple-engraved portrait frontispiece, half-title and final errata leaf (offsetting to title-page from frontispiece). Contemporary red morocco, boards bordered in gilt with gilt lozenge design, flat spine gilt-titled & decorated with urn tool, turquoise pastedowns, all edges gilt. Presentation inscription "With the Author’s respects, To his learned friend Professor Münster." Finely bound copies of medical works, presentation or otherwise, are uncommon. The present volume, in gilt-tooled red morocco, is a rare "medical essay on the nature, cause and cure of coughs" by the quack doctor William Brodum (fl. 1767-1824). Born in Copenhagen to Jewish parents, most probably as Issachar Cohen, he moved to London, adopting the name Brodum and styling himself as a citizen of Mecklenburg-Strelitz in Northern Germany. In the 1780s he became established as a vendor of patent medicines, in 1791 obtaining a medical doctorate from Marischal College in Aberdeen. In "A Guide to old age" (London, 1795), Brodum recommended the two preparations on which his wealth was founded: his "nervous cordial" and his "botanical syrup." The present treatise on coughs, dedicated to the Prince Regent, is an attempt at a more serious medical work, with Brodum desiring "to render his personal studies subservient to the benefit of the community." He cites the opinions of numerous authorities including Morgnani, Boerhaave, Sydenham and Willis, while adding observations on diet and regimen drawn from his own experience. The frontispiece displays a stipple-engraved portrait medallion depicting Brodum. Wellcome II, 244 (the only copy listed in COPAC) to which Worldcat adds only four others (Countway only in the U.S. and Canada).
Melissologia [M ]

Melissologia [M ], or the female monarchy, being an enquiry into the nature, order and government of bees. With a New, Easy, and Effectful Method to preserve them, not only in Colonies, but common Hives

Thorley, John 8vo, xliii, [2], 206, [2] pp. Frontispiece (Cesi’s three bees: the first drawing of bees made with the aid of a microscope, 1625) and four copperlate engravings, one folding. Contemporary brown English calf, covers ruled in gilt with double fillet. Early ownership inscription "Susannah Page August 23 1770" on the front pastedown and "Jeremiah Guard [?] February 4, 1811." Final endpaper sympathetically renewed, binding refurbished. Overall very good. First edition of this fascinating and highly readable work in which natural history, sociology, and politics are curiously combined. "Of English writers, Thorley was the first to mention having found wax scales in the pockets of worker bees. "In his Female Monarchy, published in 1744, John Thorley discussed entomological discoveries in more stridently moralistic language. Like the 17th-century apiologists, he described the monarchy of the bees, contrasted with the democracy of the ants, as a divinely ordered example of ‘the most natural and absolute form of government.’ He praised their loyalty, industry, and harmony, as well as their neatness, which provided ‘a pattern to all, especially the female sex.’ After reminding his readers that God not only established monarchy but also subjected women to men, Thorley acknowledged that the ruler of the hive was a queen. He had no patience with those who confused the issue by ‘saying that the king is a female, that is, the king is a queen, or the male is a female.’" (Source: Jeffrey Merrick, Order and Disorder under the Ancien Regime, p. 10). Harding, British Bee Books, p. 97.
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Bibliotheca Maphaei Pinellii Veneti magno cum studio collecta, a Jacopo Morellio, Bibliothecae Venetae D. Marci custode, descripta et annotationibus illustrata

PINELLI, MAFFEO (collector) - MORELLI, IACOPO (author) 8vo. 6 volumes. 54, 377 pp., 1 blank f., engraved frontispiece portrait of Pinelli ("F. Bartolozzi del. et sculp."); 4, 468 pp.; 4, 367 pp., 1 large folding plate (‘Specimen scripturae in papyro’) with small stain; 56, 471 pp.; 8 pp. (pp. 1-2 blank), 360 pp., 5 engraved plates of Egyptian and other antiquities; 16, 365 pp., 1 blank f. Items in Vol. I-III numbered 1 – 7953, Vols. IV-V (Autori Italiani &c.) numbered 1 – 3908, and Libri Francesci, Inglesi, Olandesi, Tedeschi, Spapagnuoli, 708 items, altogether 12,569 items. Contemporary, no doubt original, pale blue marbled wrappers over flexible paste-paper boards (somewhat worn but perfectly sound), original printed spine labels (one missing), uncut and mostly unopened Excellent, complete copy in original publisher’s boards of the most important catalogue of an Italian eighteenth century private library; its purpose was that of an ‘inventory catalogue’ for the disposal of the collection either as a whole or ‘en detail’ (see Morelli’s preface). Pinelli (1736-1785) was the last of a family of ‘Stampatori Ducali’, official printers to the Venetian government, and a keen collector whose library included inherited books. His portrait, of ca. 1760, is one of the few original works by Bartolozzi. After Pinelli’s death, his heirs charged Morelli, his close friend, and ‘the Magliabecchi of his age’ (Enc. Italiana) with the completion of the catalogue which duly fulfilled its immediate purpose. Vol. VI provides a valuable index to the work, at the end of Vol. V there is an index to the ca. 1100 incunabula. In 1788, the London booksellers James Edwards (1757-1816) and James Robson (1733-1806) bought in Venice for £6,000 the celebrated Pinelli library of which the above is the excellent inventory. While in transit to London on three vessels, one of the ships was captured by pirates and the books thrown into the sea (cf. Ottino and Fumagalli, Bibliotheca bibliographica italica, no. 4180). The remainder of the library was sold at auction by Edwards in 1789, by means of a sale catalogue, which was a shortened translation and adaptation of Morelli’s, by Samuel Paterson (1728-1802), another London bookseller and auctioneer (cf. DNB). Although it was not a great success financially, the sale, which brought in £8,637 10s, was the first of foreign books on a large scale to be held in London and put that city on the map as an international center of book auctions. REFERENCES: Peignot (‘Ce catalogue est un des meilleurs qui existent’); Cicogna 4380 (‘La fama di questa Biblioteca notissima . uno dei cataloghi piu ben fatti’); Horne, p. 721: ‘This catalogue is one of the best ever executed, not only from the value and number of the curious works described in it, but also for the valuable bibliographical notices of Morelli. The Pinelli collection of books long held a distinguished rank among the libraries of Europe: it was upwards of 200 years forming by the family, and comprehended an unparalleled collection of Greek, Roman, and Italian authors, from the origin of printing; with many of the earliest editions printed on vellum, and finely illuminated; a considerable number of curious Greek and Latin MSS. (biblical, legal, and classical), from the 11th to the 16th centuries.’ Taylor, Book Catalogues, pp. 97-98 and 256. Pollard & Ehrman, Distribution of Books by Catalogue, pp. xix, 204, 265, and no. 260. PROVENANCE: Bookplates of Prince Alberto Giovanelli (1876-1937) and a later owner (unidentified) "F.R."
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Missale Romanum ex decreto Sacrosancti Concilii Tridentini restitutum

Missale Romanum] Folio. [20] ff. including engraved frontispiece and full-page engraving, pp. 495, on p. [496] a full-page engraving, lxxxv, [11], 8, [4] pp. Contemporary Venetian "Legatura Barocco" profusely gilt and inlaid, traces of two pair of ties, smooth spine gilt with small tools. Many condition problems including significant wear to the binding on lower corner of front cover and other binding extremities, lower hinges starting, first blank defective and partially adhered to the inside of front cover, frontispiece and title-page signficantly worn and abraided, some staining to various text leaves, all edges gilt. A complete copy, with faults, and priced accordingly. One of the very few VENETIAN "legatura barocca." The present binding demonstrates the influence of the leading Roman atelier of day, namely that of Gregorio Andreoli, all over Italy. Whereas Roman baroque bindings are ubiquitous and have been extensively studied, reproduced, and exhibited, contemporary Venetian examples are rare; consequently they have received alost no scholarly attention. This Roman Missal was printed in Venice, and portions of the text strongly suggest a Venitian usage: the final 4-pages are devoted to the Seven Sorrows of the BMV and the Glorious City of Venice ("Inclitae Civitati Venetiarum" on pp. 1 and 4). On the first blank is clearly written, in a 17th-century hand, "Missale di San[ti] Cosma e Damiano," possibly the Chiesa dei Santi Cosma e Damiano in the Localita Giudecca in Venice. There can be no doubt that this particular Venetian edition is rare: it is not listed in KVK (sic) or in the Catalogo SBN (sic), a network of 5,352 Italian libraries. The printer, Guerlio, published five other Roman Missals but this 1670 edition seems to have evaporated from record. A consummate example of Venetian seventeenth century bookbinding.
A Record of the Black Prince

A Record of the Black Prince

Humphreys, Henry Noel (compiler, editor, and illuminator) Small 4to. Title-page, 2 ff., (4), xcv, [1], ii (Descriptive Index of the Embellishments), 1 f. (Illuminated Works by H. Noel Humphreys). Printed in black and red, with woodcuts throughout, and 4 full-page chromolithographs and 2 smaller chromolithographs illustrating the text. In beautiful original state, the famous pierced "Gothic" binding created from a mould formed by a papier-mâché and plaster mixture, almost perfect condition save a very small (6 mm) and unimportant wormhole inside the front cover (at the foot of the gutter margin), edges of the corners a trifle rounded. Original black leather spine, a.e.g. On the recto of the first blank leaf, in calligraphic MS on recto: "S.J. Hannam" surrounded by fine penwork. This is the finest copy we have seen, and it may be the finest copy we will ever see. The justly famous pierced Gothic binding is, according to Ruari McLain, "the most elaborate yet of the black papier-mâché kind." This is a celebration of Victorian antiquarianism by its early champion. It could be argued that the text itself is merely a vehicle for Humphreys’ passionate excursions into what we now describe as the Victorian Gothic book. In our opinion. "A Record of the Black Prince" is his masterpiece. It may be the ne-plus-ultra of its genre. Humphrey’s text relates the the life and deeds of Edward, the "Black Prince" of Wales (1330-1336), and is based on Froissart’s near-contemporary Chronicles. The book is illustrated with chromolithograph reproductions of 15th-century Froissart manuscripts, which portray "in compelling detail the chivalric ethos, with its emphasis on honor, valor, and charity. Froissart’s texts contributed to the vision of John Ruskin and William Morris, who hoped to inspire and elevate their fellow Britons through knowledge of the days of chivalry. The book is a mixture of popularized medieval history and machine craft. The black papier-mâché cover is modeled after a plaque from the Black Prince’s tomb. Gothic Revival architectural sculpture is echoed in the trefoils and shield of the deeply pierced cover, which is strikingly accentuated by red paper set behind the openings. Such a binding made readers feel as if they held an object from the world of the Black Prince himself." (SOURCE: Beckwith, Victorian Bibliomania: The Illuminated Book in Nineteenth-Century Britain, no. 63). Ray, The Illustrator and the Book in England from 1790 to 1914, no. 233.
MELETIUS: De Natura Structuraque Hominis opus. POLEMON of Laodicea: Naturae signorum interpretationis. HIPPOCRATES: De Hominis structura. DIOCLES of Carystos: De tuenda valetudine epistola. MELAMPUS: De nevis corporis tractatus

MELETIUS: De Natura Structuraque Hominis opus. POLEMON of Laodicea: Naturae signorum interpretationis. HIPPOCRATES: De Hominis structura. DIOCLES of Carystos: De tuenda valetudine epistola. MELAMPUS: De nevis corporis tractatus

Meletius of Tiberiopolis Small 4to. [8], 191, [1 blank], 31, [1 blank] pp. Collation: *4 A-Z4 AA4 a-d4. COMPLETE. Woodcut device on title-page, 7- and 5- line historiated initials. Contemporary vellum, evidence of two pair of ties (vellum on front cover and inside margin of front blank leaf with evidence of biopredation in two places; if there was a blank at the end it is no longer extant). Lower edge of textblock with appealing contemporary MS inscription of the author’s name and title of the work. Overall an excellent copy, completely unsophisticated. First edition of Meletius’ "On the Construction of Man," recently rediscovered and pronounced as "a forgotten and neglected masterpiece" by a "pioneer scientist who still deserves his place amongst the greatest, as the true beacon for the description of blood’s circulation" (SOURCE: G. Tsoucalas, T. Mariolis-Sapsakos, and M. Sgantzos, "Meletius the Monk (c. 8th to 9th century AD) and the Blood Circulation" in: European Heart Journal, Volume 38, Issue 9, 1 March 2017, Pages 624–626).Our knowledge of Meletius’ discoveries has greatly benefited from the groundbreaking reassessment by Tsoucalas et al. (op.cit.), who acknowledge the fact that the discovery of the blood circulation through the cardiovascular system remains a debated subject. The authors further acknowledge almost universal acceptance that William Harvey discovered the entire path of the blood circulation, and later Marcello Malpighi completed the puzzle discovering the small capillaries. But according to Tsoucalas et al., as early as the 8th or 9th-century Meletius ("the Monk") had already written "the first description of cardiovascular circulation accompanied by the discovery of the microcirculation inside the capillaries." "Inside his work ‘On the Construction of Man,’ Meletius described the blood’s circulation in detail. He had considered that the body humors from the heart, flow through the aorta (the main vein which starts from the heart) towards the liver. He had recognized the liver as the biochemical factory of the human organism, by stating that there, inside the liver’s veins, the humors were transformed into blood, due to its heating procedures (blood genesis). From there, through the liver veins, the blood circulated throughout the whole body to be transformed de novo into body humors and sperm, the nutritional elements for the tissues and organs."Bile and spleen were the first organs to be fed by blood. He then tried to interpret the transportation of blood. In his effort to describe the ‘entrance gate’ he wrote, ‘by towing force the blood nourishes the human body’. This is probably the first mention of the capillaries, a scientific view close to the modern one. Surprisingly he had understood the spleen’s role by writing ‘spleen after feeding, gathers blood serous, and by towing force both kidneys soak it, feeding themselves by the last remnants of the blood, and finally they eliminate the serous through urination’."After describing what seems to be the destruction of the red cell series and partly the role of the kidneys, he quoted the most important piece of his work, ‘the blood with the help of the kinetic force circulates the body through the veins to the smaller veins, and with the help of the smallest ones, named ‘trichoide’ (Greek : capillaries), it moves towards every molecule, strengthening the vital force to maintain life’. The capillaries were now named, and their role was finally fully understood."In the next segment of his work he wrote, ‘the thick blood, burned after the organs’ nutrition, uncleaned, is trying to feed itself during breathing. It becomes thinner, cleaner, full of air’s substances’, partly clarifying the role of the lungs. According to Meletius, blood was the hottest of the body humors, and the element to be transformed into milk in the breasts of women, or into sperm in men’s testicles. The blood was for him the key factor for the development of the human body. Meletius considered viscosity as a key factor for the normal circulation of blood. Reducing it through hydration, a better circulation could have been achieved. Per his views the level of blood’s viscosity determined the cardiac rhythm and nutrition. This fragment was, most probably, the first mention of a myocardial infarct" (sic!)Tsoucalas et al. relied exclusively on the first Greek edition of Meletius’ writings which appeared in 1836. Incredibly, these authors failed to mention the fact that Meletius’ works were first published in the present edition of 1552, namely in the Latin translation by Nicolas Petreius (Corcyraeus), contained in this fascinating collection of three Byzantine Greek medical treatises, all of which are published here for the first time according to the title-page ("Omnia haec non prius edita"), for which see below. Meletius describes not only the circulation of the blood but almost every aspect of the human body, insofar as was then observable. Of particular interest is Meletius’ extremely early reference to celebral localization. His chapter on the eye has been the subject of recent scholarship (J. Lascaratos & M. Tsirou, "Ophthalmological ideas of the Byzantine author Meletius" in: Documenta Ophthalmologica, 74, 1990, pp. 31-35; Robert Renehan, "Meletius’ Chapter on the Eyes: An Unidentified Source" in: Dumbarton Oaks Papers, no. 38, 1984). Renehan disparages Meletius’ writings as being entirely derivative ("neither original nor profound") yet conceeds that "Meletius had access to a treatise on human anatomy and physiology that has not survived."Meletius "the Monk" (fl. 8th- or 9th-century) resided at the monastery of the Holy Trinity in Tiberiopolis where he practiced cautery and blood-letting. Nothing is known of him, save what he has written about himself in the preface, namely that he is short, snub-nosed, and has blue eyes; he also has a scar on his forehead and suffers from gout. Also in the preface, he states that he has produced a "new" kind of treatise, namely a con