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Ian Brabner

The Brown Madonna and Other Poems. [Presentation Copy]

The Brown Madonna and Other Poems. [Presentation Copy]

Irvin W. Underhill, Sr. (1896-1982); [E. Washington Rhodes (c.1896-1970)] Philadelphia. 1929. 95, [1 (blank)]pp. First Edition. Privately Published. Publisher’s gilt-lettered red cloth. Presentation Copy: "E. Washington Rhodes Compliments of Author". Mild binding soil else a near fine copy. First edition, an excellent copy. In The Brown Madonna and Other Poems, Underhill, who was blind, writes autobiographically with the surprisingly uplifting poem "Poor Black and Blind" (p49). A number of other poems pointedly address themes of the African-American experience: "Not in Turkey" describes a Lincoln University student who fights with a black regiment in World War I, but upon his return, events unfold, and he is brutally lynched. "The Black Artillery Men" speaks of black patriots and "Frederick Douglass" celebrates the famed orator. One of the last poems is entitled "White Folks." It is written in black dialectical English and was composed by one Erastus Washington Lee, a black American. Another poem in black dialect, "Dat’s De Way," is dedicated to Underhill’s son Rev. Irvin W. Underhill, Jr. (Rev. Underhill, who grew up in Philadelphia, presumably with his parents, was the first black Presbyterian clergyman in the United States to minister to an all-white congregation. ) A curious item, and not a poem, is a two-page biographical sketch of the above-mentioned Erastus Washington Lee. Underhill writes that Lee ".came to Philadelphia several years ago and secured a position as butler in the home of one of our leading journalists." (p91) Underhill’s expression "one of our leading journalists" (emphasis added) may be a reference to the Philadelphia newspaper The Philadelphia Tribune, one of the oldest black newspapers in the United States. Interestingly, the editor of the Tribune in 1929 (the date of the present book of poems) was E. Washington Rhodes (c.1896-1970) to whom the book is inscribed by Underhill. Rhodes later became publisher of the Tribune and was a prominent attorney in Philadelphia serving as the first black assistant U.S. Attorney there and also as president of the National Bar Association. Underhill was born in Port Clinton, Pennsylvania in 1868. His schooling was irregular and he spent time assisting his father, a canal boat captain. He later removed to Philadelphia and lost his sight at age 37. Note. 1. Rev Irvin Underhill (1896-1982) – Find A Grave Memorial accessed online. 2. New York Times, June 25, 1970, p45. 3. Kerlin, Negro Poets. Blockson Collection Catalogue 4929.
Segregation-era

Segregation-era, rainbow-printed movie theater poster:] It’s Movie Time U.S.A. Beautiful New Milford, A Schine Theatre.Burlesque in Harlem.The Shore’s Most Comfortable Balcony Section for Colored Patrons

Schine Theatre] Baltimore: Globe Poster Corp. [1952]. Broadside or Movie Poster. 26¼ x 17 inches. Heavy card stock; printed in black on a rainbow printed ground. Some ink off-setting on rectos and verso; two small bumps in margins; very good. 1952 Segregation-era movie theater poster from the Schine Theatre in Milford, Delaware. Located near the coast of Southern Delaware, the poster bears the legend: "The Shore’s Most Comfortable Balcony Section for Colored Patrons." The movie line up included the new 1952 comedy film Sailor Beware, starring Dean Martin and Jerry Lewis, and the 1951 films When I Grow Up (drama), Hills of Utah (a Gene Autry western), and the anthology film It’s a Big Country, starring Gary Cooper, Van Johnson, and Nancy Davis (later First Lady Nancy Reagan). The later film was promoted as a benefit for the Kent County chapter of the Boy Scouts of America. Fittingly for its many film offerings, the poster has been rainbow printed. The poster also includes a midnight showing of Burlesque in Harlem, a 1949 film featuring African American performers "Pigmeat & Markham" [i.e. Dewey "Pigmeat" Markham], Cab Calloway (who moved to Delaware in retirement years later), and "Count Bassie" [sic]. Curiously, neither Calloway or Basie appear to be credited in the 1949 film. The Schine Theatre (also called the Schine New Plaza Theatre) was part of a chain of theaters. It opened in Milford in the 1940s, burned down in 1946, and was re-built in 1948; it closed in 1976. Notes. 1. Burlesque in Harlem | Revolvy accessed online. 2. History of Milford Movie Theatres | Milford LIVE! &; Milford, DE [by Bryan Shupe] accessed online.
1790 Philadelphia Merchants' and Importers' Declaration of Association against European Agents]

1790 Philadelphia Merchants’ and Importers’ Declaration of Association against European Agents]

Various] [Philadelphia, December 1790]. [3]pp. Bifolium. 13 x 8 inches. Laid paper with bell and crown watermark (Gravell: BELL.005.1). Expert mends. Folds; some losses at folds; lacking three-quarters of second leaf; good. Declaration of association signed by 51 Philadelphia merchants or firms against "Agents of European houses trading to this Country." The merchants state plainly that these agents are ".importing on their own Account, and of receiving by consignment, large quantities of goods, and have also taken orders from persons in the retail business" thus harming ".the Interests of the regular Importers, as well as of the greater part of the Retailers." Signatories "mutually associate" and agree to discontinue commissions to those agents. Many of the signers are listed in Clement Biddle’s The Philadelphia Directory of 1791 as merchants, though a few are listed by their trade such as porter, cordwainer, and, in the case of Godfrey Baker & Co., as "stationers and book binders." Less than two months after this declaration, Congress chartered the First Bank of the United States to enable Treasury Secretary Alexander Hamilton’s plan to create the necessary financial infrastructure to promote domestic and international trade and commerce. The Philadelphia merchants and importers seen here are banding together to protect their economic interests. Intriguing manuscript documenting economic unease in Federal Philadelphia, then Capital of the United States.
1861 Civil War LS from Vermont Governor Erastus Fairbanks concerning the 4th and 5th Vermont Regiments

1861 Civil War LS from Vermont Governor Erastus Fairbanks concerning the 4th and 5th Vermont Regiments, to Assistant Secretary of War in charge of Railroad and Telegraph Lines, Col. Thomas A. Scott]

Erastus Fairbanks (1792-1864); [Col. T.A. Scott (Thomas Alexander Scott, 1823-1881)] St. Johnsbury [Vermont], September 10, 1861. [1]p. Letter Signed. 4to., on "Executive Department" letterhead. Letter with substantial remnant of old paper backing; very good. 1861 letter signed from Vermont Governor Erastus Fairbanks (1792-1864) to Assistant Secretary of War Col. Thomas A. Scott concerning uniforms, equipment, and rifles for the 4th and 5th Regiments of Vermont Volunteers: "An unexpected delay in procuring tents has delayed their going into rendezvous for a few days. They.will be uniformed and equipped with as much dispatch as possible; but they cannot go forwd. till some time next week unless I send them without uniforms. The press for clothes for Gov’t contracts has retarded the completion of their outfit. I have Enfield Rifles for the 4th and Springfield Rifles for the 5th." An antislavery leader, Fairbanks served as governor of Vermont from 1860 to 1861. "Fairbanks assured President Lincoln that his state would do its ‘full duty’ when the urgent request came from the threatened national capital. In an effort to speed up the preparations, Fairbanks had the necessary arms and accouterments purchased against his company’s credit." (ANB)
Uniforms by Angelica. Founded 1878-63 Years of Uniform Leadership [cover title]

Uniforms by Angelica. Founded 1878-63 Years of Uniform Leadership [cover title]

Angelica Jacket Company] [St. Louis, Mo.: Angelica Jacket Co., 1941]. 60pp. Trade Catalog. 11¾ x 8¾ inches. Illustrated self-wrappers; stapled. Color illustrations, partly from photographs, throughout. Two additional bound in sections: four pages general information after p2 and a four-page price list dated February 15, 1941 after p58; plus order blank, business reply card, and envelope laid in. Minor wear and light creasing to covers; some damage along fore-edge of price list affecting a few words; overall, very good. Unrecorded pre-Second World War American trade catalog for food service, hotel and club, factory and machine shop, medical and hospital, and domestic workers. With ordering ephemera laid in and a bound-in February 15, 1941 price list. Thoroughly illustrated in exuberantly vibrant color, the uniforms are shown on models whose faces are rendered from photographs, giving the presentation a more realistic appearance. Here there are uniforms for waiters and waitresses, bar staff, store clerks, physicians, nurses, chefs, maids, and, specifically for women, elevator girl uniforms and pant uniforms for drive-in or curb service. Clothing types include dresses, waistcoats, vests, caps, hats, chef’s toques, suits, gloves, pants, bow ties, medical smocks, reversible dresses and skirts ("Angelica Nu-2-Way"), aprons, women’s headbands, etc. Additionally, there are frocks for stewards, meat packers, "Laboratory men," etc. Also seen are costume dresses in "Spanish," "Peasant," and "Little ‘Dutch Girl’" styles. An extraordinary panoply and visual record of uniforms of the pre-WWII service economy.
Ishmael Reed's "Black Power in the Ghetto: two flags

Ishmael Reed’s "Black Power in the Ghetto: two flags, a stepladder, and a megaphone" [within The East Village Other]

Ishmael Reed (b.1938); John Wilcock, Editor New York: The East Village Other, August 15-September 1 [1966], Vol. 1, No. 18. 16pp. 17½ x 11½ inches. Light general wear; very good. Single issue of the underground New York City newspaper, The East Village Other, featuring the headline article "Black Power in the Ghetto: two flags, a stepladder, and a megaphone" by newspaper co-founder Ishmael Reed. The accompanying illustration shows a black man lighting the fuse of a barrel labeled "Black Powder," the "d" of which he has crossed out to read "Black Power." Reed criticizes black civil rights activists Stokely Carmichael and Floyd McKissick: "The black man.must gather a consensus about a program suitable to his needs. This cannot be done by somebody with two flags and a ladder selected by NBC [an NBC television interview with Carmichael accompanies the article] any more than it can be done by the editorial boards of The New York Times and Life photographers in their self-chosen task of imposing the night club comedians, boxers, football players, playwrights and the whole phalanx of live ghosts and associate ghosts upon the black masses as "leaders." (p14)" This issue features a number of 1960s countercultural touchstones: a critical review of novelist Norman Mailer ("Mailer or Mauler? Christian or Cannibal?"), an article on musical band groupies, a review of the New York Film Festival, an interview with poet Naphtali "Tuli" Kupferberg, founder of the band The Fugs, and an interview with comedian/satirist Lenny Bruce. Plus great ads, including a full page ad for record albums by Bob Dylan including his 1966 release, Blonde on Blonde.
Documentary History of Reconstruction. Political

Documentary History of Reconstruction. Political, Military, Social, Religious, Educational & Industrial, 1865 to the Present Time. With facsimiles. [two volumes]

Walter L. Fleming [Walter Lynwood Fleming (1874-1932)]; [Bell I. Wiley (Bell Irvin Wiley, 1906-1980)] Cleveland, OH: The Arthur H. Clark Company, 1906 and 1907. First Edition. Two Volumes: Frontispiece, xviii, [1], 493pp + [4] plates; Frontispiece, xiv, [1], 480, [7 (publisher’s catalog)]pp. + [3] plates. 9½ x 6½ inches. Rebound in green cloth; gilt titling on spines; new patterned endpapers; deckle edges; top edges gilt. Erratum slip in first volume. Discreetly ex-library with perforated title pages and a few stampings. Ownership inscription in first volume of "Bell I. Wiley." A few stray annotations in table of contents of first volume; pp.329-330 with closed margin tear; all else very good; a tight, solid set. Comprehensive history of the post-American Civil War Reconstruction era, from contemporary sources, by long-time Vanderbilt professor of history, Walter Lynwood Fleming (1874-1932). Fleming’s controversial approach to the history of the Reconstruction-era American South-especially because he was a leading proponent of a conservative historiographical method, has been deemed racist and deeply emblematic of the "Jim Crow" era by modern historians. This copy owned by noted Civil War military and social historian, Bell I. Wiley (1906-1980), professor of history at the University of Mississippi, Louisiana State University, and Emory University.
When Word is Given. A Report on Elijah Muhammad

When Word is Given. A Report on Elijah Muhammad, Malcolm X, and the Black Muslim World

Louis E. Lomax [Louis Emanuel Lomax (1922-1970)]; [Elijah Muhammad (1897-1975)]; [Malcolm X (1925-1965)] Cleveland and New York: The World Publishing Company, (1963). First Edition. [10], 11-223, [1]pp. + [4]ff. of half tone plates from photographs. 8vo. Publisher’s olive-green cloth with silver titling and modest decoration; pictorial dust jacket. Slightly cocked at head of spine; very minor rubbing to dust jacket at extremities; very good in very good, price-clipped dust jacket. African American writer and social critic’s first-hand reporting on the Black Muslim movement in America. In 1959, Lomax introduced white Americans to the Black Muslim movement in a five-part T.V. documentary he co-produced with Mike Wallace of CBS. Lomax’s book includes extended excerpts from and commentary on speeches by Black Muslim leader Elijah Muhammad (1897-1975) and Muhammad’s disciple Malcolm X (1925-1965). There is also an interview with Malcolm X plus photographs of speeches and gatherings, members of the Fruit of Islam, women Black Muslims, and a scene of Arabic being taught at Chicago’s University of Islam. Lomax’s observations are blunt: "Chilling though it may be, the Black Muslims have erected their teaching on a group experience common to all American Negroes. Few of us concur in their conviction and sentencing of the white race. But none of us can question the accuracy of the indictment on which that conviction rests. These men are waiting for integration to fail. They will.make us continually aware of what can happen if white men don’t learn to love before black men learn to hate."
The Negro Question. [with interesting African American provenance]

The Negro Question. [with interesting African American provenance]

George W. Cable [George Washington Cable (1844-1925)]; J.E.Bruce [John Edward Bruce (1856-1924)] New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1890. First Edition. vi, [1], [1]-173pp. Sm. 8vo. Publisher’s maroon cloth with red titling. Gift inscription on preliminary leaf and a related inscription on upper cover. Round private library stamp of "Rev. H.P. Anderson" on front endpaper. Rubbing at head and brief wear at tail of spine; some bumping to corners; some water stains on upper cover; lacking free, front endpaper; a few leaves with some creasing; otherwise, good. Toward the end of his literary career, New Orleans-native and Southern author George W. Cable turned from popular novels-e.g. Old Creole Days, Madame Delphine, and The Grandissimes-to writing about social reform. "[H]is best-known writings from this period are The Silent South (1885) and The Negro Question (1890), which served only to alienate further the southerners who had once been his most ardent supporters." (ANB) The Negro Question includes sections entitled "The Social Basis of Slavery Still Exists," "Enfranchisement a Cause of Apprehension," "Responsibility of Southern White Men," and "What Makes the Color Line?" An entire chapter-the final third of the book-deals with issues of race, politics, and government in the American South. Interestingly, this copy bears the marks of association with two African Americans. It bears the private library rubber stamp of "Rev. H.P. Anderson," an African Methodist Episcopal pastor in West Chester, Pennsylvania. Additionally, it has a gift presentation inscription from African American journalist and historian, John E. Bruce (1856-1924), also known as "Bruce Grit" from the Washington, D.C. newspaper he published. Curiously, there is also a printed ink inscription on the upper cover referencing Bruce, though it is unclear who penned it. "Between 1879 and 1884 Bruce, under the pen name "Rising Sun," started three newspapers: the Argus (1879), the Sunday Item (1880), which was the first African-American daily, and the Washington Grit (1884). Throughout his life Bruce was an active proponent of African-American civil rights. Recognized as a talented speaker, Bruce addressed delegates at the AAL [Afro American League] inaugural convention in Washington, D.C. Citing the Constitution, Bruce examined the legal justification of African-American citizenship; he contended that the federal government had failed to protect African-American civil rights, and as long as white violence and African-American disfranchisement continued, ‘a blot will remain on the escutcheon.’." (ANB) Interesting association copy linking a popular social and political text on race and society to a prominent African American journalist, historian, and civil rights leader.
Why We Can't Wait

Why We Can’t Wait

Martin Luther King, Jr. (1929-1968) New York: Harper & Row, Publishers, (1963, 1964). First Edition. xii, [1], 178pp. + [4]ff. of half tone plates from photographs. 8½ x 5¾ inches. Publisher’s quarter black cloth and gray paper boards; dust jacket with portrait of Dr. King on back cover. Very good in very good, un-price-clipped dust jacket. King’s third book, Why We Can’t Wait, includes the first book appearance of his celebrated "Letter from Birmingham Jail" written after he was arrested in Alabama in 1963 during a non-violent protest against racism and racial segregation. The book tells the story of and describes the strategy behind the "Birmingham campaign" for African American civil rights, sponsored by the Southern Christian Leadership Conference in 1963. King describes the writing of his "Letter from Birmingham Jail": "Begun on the margins of the newspaper.the letter was continued on scraps of writing paper supplied by a friendly Negro trusty, and concluded on a pad my attorneys were eventually permitted to leave me. Although the text remans in substance unaltered, I have indulged in the author’s prerogative of polishing it for publication." (p78) "King’s decision to intentionally allow himself to be arrested for leading a demonstration on 12 April prodded the Kennedy administration to intervene in the escalating protests. A widely quoted letter that King wrote while jailed displayed his distinctive ability to influence public opinion. During May, televised pictures of police using dogs and fire hoses against demonstrators generated a national outcry against white segregationist officials in Birmingham. The brutality of Birmingham officials and the refusal of Alabama governor George C. Wallace to allow the admission of black students at the University of Alabama prompted President Kennedy to introduce major civil rights legislation. King’s speech at the 28 August 1963 March on Washington, attended by more than 200,000 people, was the culmination of a wave of civil rights protest activity that extended even to northern cities." (ANB)
The African Abroad or His Evolution in Western Civilization

The African Abroad or His Evolution in Western Civilization, Tracing His Development under Caucasian Milieu

William H. Ferris [William H. Ferris (1873-1941)] New Haven, Conn.: The Tuttle, Morehouse & Taylor Press, 1913. First edition. Two volumes. Frontispiece, xiv, [1], 522pp + half tone plates; Frontispiece, vi, [1], [523]-982pp + half tone plates. 8vo. Publisher’s red cloth with gilt titling. Brief rubbing at head and tail of spine; some light soiling to cloth; very good. Two volume study of the African diaspora-with observations on the "Color Question" and the "Race Question," by African American author, lecturer, and scholar William Henry Ferris (1873-1941). A controversial figure, his attitudes on racial integration varied between assimilationism and black nationalism. Ferris supported such diverse black leaders as the conservative Booker T. Washington, the more political W.E.B. Du Bois (a sharp critic of Washington), and black nationalist Marcus Garvey for whose magazine, Negro World, Ferris served as literary editor. The African Abroad includes much on the achievements of back people throughout the world and in the United States among "Negrosaxons," Ferris’ term for "colored people of mixed descent." According to an ad in W.E.B. Du Bois’s magazine The Crisis, a third volume was planned; it was never published. "By the time Ferris wrote The African Abroad (1913) Washington’s power had begun to wane. Portions of the manuscript must have been written some years before publication, for Ferris wrote: ‘It remains to be seen whether the Niagara Movement, headed by Du Bois will sweep Washington and his theories from the field. This is not a personal fight, but a battle of ideas, a struggle for the supremacy of rival theories’ (The African Abroad, 1:276-77). Nevertheless Ferris, despite his wordy digressions, attempted to give an objective assessment of Du Bois and Washington; for example: ‘Du Bois is gifted with a more powerful intellect than Washington, is a more uncompromising idealist, and is a more brilliant writer. . . . But Washington is a more magnetic speaker and more astute politician, a greater humorist, and less of an aristocrat’ (ibid.). But Washington was also right in emphasizing the accumulation of property (ibid., pp. 187-88). Despite its verbiage and erudite digressions, The African Abroad has been a valuable source for later historians." (DANB) Work p385. Note. 1. Du Bois, ed., The Crisis, Vol. 7, No. 2 (New York, December, 1913), p102.
C.1833 Legal Manuscript: Defamation of Character in Maryland

C.1833 Legal Manuscript: Defamation of Character in Maryland, A Public Accusation of Spousal Murder and of "Murdering" American Citizens in the War of 1812]

William Schley (1799-1872), Plaintiff's Attorney Frederick County [Maryland], c.1833. [8¼]pp. Three Bifoliums. 12½ x 7¾ inches. Contemporary docketing. Several emendations and corrections within. Folds; a few short tears at folds and minor loss in two margins, not affecting text; very good. Lengthy 1833 Legal document outlining the case of Bishop v. Lowe wherein Philip Lowe accused British immigrant Mark Bishop, Sr. of murder, both of his own wife and of "good citizens of the United States," likely in the War of 1812. Written by plaintiff Bishop’s attorney, William Schley (1799-1872) of Frederick County, Maryland, the document accuses Lowe of impugning Bishop’s reputation by falsely accusing him of murdering his wife, Ann Bishop, in 1813 in England and that Bishop is a fugitive from justice. Lowe’s slanderous remarks were made twenty years after the alleged murder and many years after Bishop’s emigration to Maryland in 1818: ".to wit, on the second day of October, in the year of our Lord eighteen hundred and thirty three, at Frederick County aforesaid, in a certain discourse which said Philip [Lowe] then and there had, in the presence and hearing of a certain Mary Jane Bishop, and of divers other good and worthy citizens of this State, then and there, in the presence of hearing of the said last mentioned citizens, falsely and maliciously spoke and published, of and concerning the said Mark [Bishop], and of and concerning the said Ann Bishop, deceased, and of and concerning the death of the said Ann Bishop, deceased, and of and concerning the cause, means and manner of her death, these false malicious and defamatory words following, that is to say; "Your Father" (meaning the said Mark) "is a murderer."-"He"."killed" (meaning that he had feloniously killed and willfully murdered) "his first wife" (meaning the said Ann Bishop deceased) "He" (meaning Mark) "is a God damn’d British son of a bitch, and ought to be hung" meaning that the said Mark was guilty of willful murder, and ought to be hanged therefor. (pp[3-4])" Attorney Schley alleges that Lowe caused ".it to be suspected and believed by [Bishop’s] neighbors and citizens, that he the said Mark.was guilty of murder." and that Maryland law ought ".to subject [Bishop] to the pains and penalties inflicted.upon persons guilty thereof, and to vex harass and wholly ruin him." (p[5]) Adding fuel to the fire, and in an apparent reference to the War of 1812, Philip Lowe further defamed Bishop by publicly accusing him of additional "murders" of American citizens: "You" (meaning the said Mark) "are a murderer" (meaning that the said Mark had been and was guilty of willful murder. "You" (meaning the said Mark) "are guilty of murder." "You" (meaning the said Mark) "have killed many Americans" (meaning that the said Mark had willfully and feloniously killed and murdered divers of the good citizens of United States of North America.[)] (p[8])" Bishop’s suit seeks $5000 in damages. An interesting case of slanderous accusations of murder with an additional, anti-British immigrant twist in Maryland, harkening back to the War of 1812 during which Maryland endured both naval and military actions.
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Twenty-one C.1940 Police Photographs Documenting Automobile Accidents in New York State]

Criminal Identification Bureau, N.Y. State Troopers] [Hawthorne (Westchester County), New York, c.1940]. Twenty-one gelatin silver process photographs. Approx. 8 x 10 inches. Various paper stocks; three with rubber stamp backmarks of the "Criminal Identification Bureau, Troop K., N.Y. State Troopers, Hawthorne, N.Y." Brief pencil codes or marks on versos. Very good to near fine. Archive of 21 loose photographs showing highway automobile accidents in Westchester County, New York as documented by New York State Troopers out of Troop K in Hawthorne. At least six, possibly eight, horrific crashes are shown, four of which involved large trucks (including a passenger bus) and one apparently showing a car hit by a train. These police photographs show the crash sites up close from various angles plus there are wider images of the accident scene giving more perspective or showing the debris field. Most of the photographs depict state troopers, accident investigators, white-clad ambulance attendants, and/or various onlookers. No crash victims are shown, but the severity of the crashes as depicted leaves little to the imagination. Indeed, these particular crashes may have been so documented because they involved fatalities. Here one sees a head-on crash between a car and a large milk truck; front axles and steering wheels completely dislodged; car roofs torn away; an obliterated car resting in isolation at a rural railroad crossing; and grave-faced police troopers and investigators staring at battered passenger cars. An unusual record of pre-Second World War road accidents before the era of wide-spread improved highway safety and safer car and truck designs.
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Talk! about Jordan [signed promotional poster for Louis Jordan]

Louis Jordan (1908-1975)]; General Amusement Corporation Chicago: General Amusement Corporation, c.1945. [1]p. Broadside or Poster. 21¾ x 16½ inches. Half tone illustrations. Signed by Jordan on verso. Brief pencil marks and annotation on recto. Folds and a few creases and minor edge chips; very good. Signed promotional poster, with clever design, for Louis Jordan (1908-1975), African American jazz musician, songwriter and bandleader. He was known as the "King of the Jukeboxes" for his very successful collaborations with such artists as Louis Armstrong, Ella Fitzgerald, and Bing Crosby. The poster which touts his entertainment appeal on stage and in the movies highlights his popular musical recordings: "Record Talk! Louis Jordan’s recording with Bing Crosby of "My Baby Said Yes" and "Your Socks Don’t Match" promises to be a real hit. Jordan’s rendition of the novelty tune, "Caldonia" is great.-Dave Kapp, Decca Records. / Song Talk! "Caldonia" (What Makes Your Big Head so Hard) is the novelty hit of ’45, thanks to Louis Jordan’s Decca recording and his terrific vocal rendition.-Henry Spitzer, Morris Music." "Between 1942 and 1951 Jordan had fifty-seven singles released, fifty-five of which made the top ten on rhythm and blues charts. It was also during this period that he transformed African-American popular music by demonstrating that a big band could be paired down into a combo without losing its power. Jordan’s compositions also were recorded by Chuck Berry, B. B. King, Ray Charles, Fats Domino, and Little Richard. Both Nat King Cole and Dizzy Gillespie admired Jordan for his inventiveness." (ANB) Jordan was elected into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1987 as an "Early Influencer." In 1998, he was inducted into the Big Band and Jazz Hall of Fame.
The World Famous Williams' Colored Singers

The World Famous Williams’ Colored Singers

Williams' Colored Singers] Chicago: Press of Rosenow Co., [ca. 1925]. [24]pp.10¾ x 7½ inches. Large glossy half tone photo-illustrated wrappers, illustrated upper and lower; staple-bound. Some wear to wrappers with short separation at tail of spine; scattered foxing; about very good. Sound copy of this collection of scored music with lyrics of African American gospel and spiritual songs and plantation melodies: "Roll, Jordan Roll", "Steal Away", "Prepare Me, Lord. Plantation Melody", "Bright Sparkles in the Churchyard (As Sung by the Hampton Students", etc.) "John Brown’s Body", etc. At the end, a three-page biographical sketch of the Williams’ group. Charles P. Williams of Holly Springs, Mississippi, organized this African-American singing group in 1904. Williams had previously been associated with the Dixie Jubilee Singers. Members of Williams’ Colored or Jubilee Singers were drawn from the ranks of the educated and musically trained. These celebrated singers made a world tour in 1910-11, giving 130 performances in England. The wrappers of the songbook depict portraits of en route manager and bass John S. Crabbe and other members individually and in various group shots, the most appealing, being a staged image showing the entourage with all of their "stickered-up" luggage beneath a sign reading "Williams Jubilee Singers Touring Europe" preparing to embark on their tour.
Theatre de L'UNESCO.Satchmo the Great

Theatre de L’UNESCO.Satchmo the Great, Louis Armstrong & his All Stars [cover title]

Louis Armstrong]; [Georges Rebeiz, promoter] Beyrouth [Beirut, Lebanon], April 6-9, 1959. [40]pp. Program. Approx. 9½ x 6½ inches. Pictorial wrappers; staple bound. Illustrations including half tones; advertisements. One half tone with contemporary ink annotation. Brief handling; small abrasion on upper cover from old fore-edge closure sticker, a piece of which remains in place on lower cover; very good. Rare Middle Eastern jazz concert program for trumpeter Louis Armstrong and His All Stars band at Beirut, Lebanon’s Théâtre de l’UNESCO. Armstrong’s four-day appearance was produced by Georges Rebeiz who had met the artist in New York and signed a contract with him for these shows. Half tone illustrations within show Armstrong in Beirut with Rebeiz, signing autographs for fans and at the city’s Le Jazz Club. The program featured such numbers as "Saint Louis Blues," "Tigerrag" [sic], "Mack the Knife," "Beale Street Blues," "I Can’t Give You Anything But Love," and the jazz standard "Dear Old Southland," first recorded by Armstrong in 1930 and again in 1956. Other illustrations show Armstrong in various cinematic roles plus portraits of band singer Velma Middleton and band members Trummy Young (trombone), "Peanut"s Hucko (clarinet), Danny Barcelona (drums), Billy Kyle (piano), and Mort Herbert (bass). Additionally, there is bilingual biographical information on Armstrong, two brief articles by officers of Le Jazz Club de Beyrouth, and numerous ads in English, French, and Arabic. A rare program documenting the popularity of the African American Jazz tradition in a prosperous, sophisticated Middle Eastern metropolis.
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Patent Parabola Spectacles.affording altogether the best artificial Help to the Human Vision. [opening lines of broadsheet]

Edward Borhek, Patentee] [Philadelphia: Edward Borhek, (1860)]. [2]pp. Broadsheet; printed in red and black. 11¾ x 9¼ inches. Illustrations. Folds; minor loss at center fold affecting one word, though not sense; very good. Stunning 1860 broadsheet circular printed in two colors advertising eyeglasses with "concavo-convex ellipsis" lenses patented by Edward Bohrek of Philadelphia. Advantages of these lenses were derived from their parabolic form; Bohrek’s Parabola Spectacles transmitted rays of light: ".without unequal refraction or the blur consequent on the reflection from the minute cavities found in the most finished surfaces of other lenses; and it is this perfect transmission of light joined to their peculiar form, that enables the wearer of the Parabola Spectacles to prosecute the most trying labors of the eye without those distressing results which follow from the use of all other glasses." The text includes "Hints for the Selecting of Glasses" and various testimonials. Lists of others who provided testimonials to Bohrek include medical and surgical professors and a number of prominent Philadelphians including artists Thomas Sully (1783-1872) and Rembrandt Peale (1778-1860) and popular cookbook and household management author Eliza Leslie (1787-1858). At the bottom of the recto, a note boldly proclaims that Bohrek’s "Parabola Spectacles are not sold by Peddlars."
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Proceedings of the Eleventh National Woman’s Rights Convention, held at the Church of the Puritans, New York, May 10, 1866

Susan B. Anthony (1820-1906), Secretary; Henry M. Parkhurst (1825-1908), Phonographic Reporter] New York: Robert J. Johnston, Printer, 1866. 77, [2]pp. Pamphlet. 8¾ x 5½ inches. Removed. Ex-library, the sole marks-all on the same page, on the first leaf of text-being a small date stamp with penciled name, a small stamped accession number, and a withdrawal stamp. Without printed wrappers; first leaf with light handling, brief separation at top of spine, and a small tear and minor loss at corner; close to very good. "You white women speak here of rights. I speak of wrongs. I, as a colored woman, have had in this country an education which has made me feel as if I were in the situation of Ishmael, my hand against every man, and every man’s hand against me."-F.E.W. Harper. Proceedings of the first post-Civil War Woman’s Rights Convention. The convention was convened in New York City by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony of the National Woman’s Rights Central Committee. The Eleventh National Woman’s Rights Convention resulted in the attempted merging of women’s rights and African American civil rights activists into an American Equal Rights Association (AERA). "When Congress opened discussion of the Fourteenth Amendment [citizenship and civil rights for African Americans] at the end of 1865, Stanton joined the antislavery leadership in opposing educated suffrage or other restrictions on the voting rights to be granted to the former slaves. But when that leadership supported Republican proposals to enshrine manhood suffrage as the new standard of republican government, Stanton convened the American Equal Rights Association in the spring of 1866 to promote universal suffrage, competing directly with the American Anti-Slavery Society." (ANB) Convention addresses by women printed in the proceedings include those of Elizabeth Cady Stanton; Susan B. Anthony, who read "An Appeal to the Congress of the United States for the Enfranchisement of Woman"; and abolitionist and women’s rights activists Lucretia Mott, Frances Dana Barker Gage, and Frances Ellen Watkins Harper. Harper, an African American woman abolitionist and author, spoke forcefully on the effects of denying civil rights to any American citizen; she does not spare her white sisters: "I feel I am something of a novice upon this platform. Born of a race whose inheritance has been outrage and wrong, most of my life had been spent in battling against those wrongs. But I did not feel as keenly as others, that I had these rights, in common with other women, which are now demanded. We are all bound up together in one great bundle of humanity, and society cannot trample on the weakest and feeblest of its members without receiving the curse in its own soul. You tried that in the case of the Negro. You pressed him down for two centuries; and in so doing you crippled the moral strength and paralyzed the spiritual energies of the white men of the country. When the hands of the black were fettered, white men were deprived of the liberty of speech and the freedom of the press. I do not believe that giving the woman the ballot is immediately going to cure all the ills of life. I do not believe that white women are dew-drops just exhaled from the skies. You white women speak here of rights. I speak of wrongs. I, as a colored woman, have had in this country an education which has made me feel as if I were in the situation of Ishmael, my hand against every man, and every man’s hand against me. Talk of giving women the ballot-box? Go on. It is a normal school, and the white women of this country need it. While there exists this brutal element in society which tramples upon the feeble and treads down the weak, I tell you that if there is any class of people who need to be lifted out of their airy nothings and selfishness, it is the white women of America." The Eleventh National Woman’s Rights Convention resulted in the founding of the American Equal Rights Association (AERA). Anthony proposed Stanton as the first president of the AERA, but abolitionist and women’s rights activist Lucretia Mott was chosen instead; Frederick Douglass was elected as one if its co-vice presidents. AERA’s constitution is included in the proceedings. This union of political and civil rights interests-male and female, black and white-was short lived. In 1869, when black male suffrage was being proposed as a Fifteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony left AERA and founded an exclusively female National Woman Suffrage Association. OCLC reports 8 copies in America: NYHS, NYPL, Rochester, LOC, BPL, Harvard, Princeton, LCP.
Retained Confederate Civil War MS. with Copies of a Report and Orders by Major General Bushrod Rust Johnson during the Second Battle of Petersburg.]

Retained Confederate Civil War MS. with Copies of a Report and Orders by Major General Bushrod Rust Johnson during the Second Battle of Petersburg.]

Bushrod Rust Johnson (1817-1880)] Hd. Qrs. Johnson’s Div. [Petersburg, Virginia], June 12, 15, and 17, 1864. [2]pp. Quarto. Blue laid and ruled paper. Folds; foxing; closed tears and some losses in margins; fragile; not affecting text; good. Manuscript leaf, fragile, of Confederate Army Division battle orders during the Second Battle of Petersburg and a pre-battle report, all issued in June 1864 by Major General Bushrod Rust Johnson (1817-1880) from his divisional field headquarters in Virginia. The three separate entries within the manuscript appear to be the recently-promoted major general’s retained copies. The first entry is a pre-battle staff report submitted to Captain Jno. M. Oley, A.A.G. concerning the appointments of seven officers including an inspector general, chief surgeon, and an ordinance officer. The other two entries were written during the Second Battle of Petersburg, the initial assault on Petersburg during what would become a siege laid on the city lasting until late March 1865, almost the end of the war. The first of these is an order is an order given to Col. John S. Fulton of Johnson’s Brigade directing him to march: ".with the utmost dispatch to Petersburg and report to Genl. [Henry A.] Wise, for which purpose you will precede your command in entering the city." The final entry was written during the height of the battle when Union forces were launching a series of large attacks on the Confederate lines. Johnson gives his observations and those of Confederate Major General [Robert F.] Hoke: "The enemy are checked but I have not enough force to retake and hold the works. The line we are occupying is a better one than the old if my right flank was strong or rested on a good fortification. Genl. Hoke thinks we should try to hold our lines. Circumstance must decide us." "[Johnson’s] brigade joined Major General Robert F. Hoke’s division and participated in several engagements with the Federals near Petersburg. General Pierre G. T. Beauregard assigned Johnson to the command of a division, and the Confederate Senate confirmed his promotion to major general on 21 May. Union troops exploded a mine under the entrenchments held by one of Johnson’s brigades on 30 July. For reasons yet unexplained, Johnson remained at his headquarters to direct his men during the ensuing battle of the Crater, allowing Brigadier General William Mahone to lead the Confederate counterattack. Mahone thus gained the credit for stopping the threatened Federal breakthrough." (ANB) Urgent and of-the-moment orders and reports from a Confederate Army divisional commander in the field during the Second Battle of Petersburg in June 1864.
The New York Urban League presents Williams Bowers Baritone. [opening lines of broadside]
Racial Harmony in 1930:] You are Invited to Hear Dr. Frank D. Adams Minister
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Note Book. Eclectic Medical Institute, Cincinnati, Ohio. Winter Session 1853 & 4. [manuscript caption title; with:] Note Book. Eclectic Medical College Philadelphia. Session 1854 & 5. Charles H. Rose. Baltimore. Md. [manuscript caption title]

Rose, Charles H[enry]. (1834-1912) Cincinnati, 1853-1854 and Chambersburg [Pennsylvania?],1856; Philadelphia, 1854-1855, Chambersburg 1856 and Chapel, Talbot County, Maryland [1856?]. 142pp. and [2], 113, [2]pp. 6½ x 4 inches and 7½ x 5 inches. Flexible sheep boards; sewn bindings; pale blue ruled leaves. Twelve page hand-made booklet with 1½pp. pencil manuscript laid into smaller notebook. Sheep boards rubbed; some erosion to upper cover and fist leaf of larger notebook; good. Two student notebooks on eclectic medicine kept in 1853-1855 by Charles H. Rose of Maryland at the Eclectic Medical Institute in Cincinnati and the Eclectic Medical College of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia. In addition to medical lecture notes, each notebook also contains lists of some of Rose’s earliest patients, medical services, and fees from 1856 in Chambersburg, Pennsylvania[?] and Chapel, Talbot County, Maryland. Dr. Rose was educated and trained as a physician by professors espousing the reforming and controversial principles of eclectic medicine which employed botanical remedies. The Eclectic Medical Institute in Cincinnati was incorporated in 1845 and traces its roots back to the Reformed Medical College of Ohio (Medical Department of Worthington College), itself founded by graduates of America’s first eclectic medical school, the Reformed Medical College of the City of New York (1830). After only one year of study in Cincinnati, 1853-1854, Rose went to Philadelphia and enrolled at Eclectic Medical College of Pennsylvania and there followed a similar curriculum. Rose’s Cincinnati notebook includes lecture notes on such subjects as surgery (Prof. Zoheth Freeman), anatomy (Prof. William Sherwood), chemistry (Prof. John Wesley Hoyt, later Governor of Wyoming Territory), physiology (Prof. Joseph Rhodes Buchanan), toxicology ("Prof. Chase"), and materia medica and therapeutics (Prof. George W. L. Bickley). Among his other instructors were Dr. Robert Safford Newton, dean of the medical faculty, co-editor of the Eclectic Medical Review, and professor of medical practice and Dr. John King, professor of obstetrics. Newton and King were the authors of The Eclectic Dispensatory of the United States of America (Cincinnati, 1852), later King’s The American Dispensatory, the leading eclectic medical textbook of the latter nineteenth century. Laid into the Cincinnati notebook is a small handmade booklet containing 1½ pages of pencil manuscript entitled "Notes from Paine’s Practice of Medicine." The notes may refer to William Paine’s book An Epitome of the American Eclectic Practice of Medicine, first published in 1857. However, these brief notes may have been taken down by Rose from a lecture delivered by Paine when Rose was a student at the Eclectic Medical College of Pennsylvania and Paine was professor of the principles and practice of medicine and pathology there. The college reorganized itself in 1858, after Dr. Rose’s studies there, into two separate institutions: the Eclectic Medical College of Philadelphia and the American College of Medicine in Philadelphia. The former became a diploma mill, but the letter, led by William Paine, continued in the mainstream of eclectic medicine in alignment with the nervauric theories Rose’s Cincinnati professor, Dr. Joseph R. Buchanan. Rose’s Philadelphia notebook includes an extensive, 46-page section on obstetrics and related subjects from lectures by Dr. Joseph Sites and lecture notes on toxicology from Dr. Thomas G. Chase. It is unclear whether this is the same "Prof. Chase" who taught toxicology at the Eclectic Medical Institute in Cincinnati. Other named Philadelphia lecturers include "Professor Fonday" [Dr. John Fondey], professor of theory and practice and "[Dr. Marshall] Calkins." Other lecture notes treat such subjects as dislocations, organic chemistry, surgery, and diseases of the bone and fractures. Both the Cincinnati and Philadelphia notebooks include recipes for medical formulations. Within in Rose’s notes on Professor Newton’s lectures are treatments for such ailments as dysentery, asthma, enuresis, cholera, hydropholia, and gonorrhea. The formulations in the Philadelphia include recipes for "gravel," carminative, and liver pills. Other treatments include those for a variety of fevers (remittent, yellow, typhoid, etc.), small pox, tubercular disease, and a recipe for "Woman’s Friend" that included [false] unicorn [root], poplar bark, mandrake, and castor oil. The two notebooks, based on lectures at two different eclectic medical schools, offer scholars an opportunity to compare the medical practices and therapies presented to one medical student. Charles Henry Rose (1834-1912) was a Maryland native and physician who spent much of his life in Chapel, Talbot County, Maryland. He was married to Julia (née Ridgaway) Rose (1847-1906). Rose’s student notebooks suggest that he practiced medicine as early as 1856. Both notebooks include lists of patients he treated in "Chambersburg" and in Chapel, Talbot County, Maryland This former place is possibly a reference to Chambersburg, Pennsylvania based on an entry by Rose concerning pharmaceutical ingredients and a "Dr. Reynolds." (Cincinnati, p89) There are a total of 10½ pages of these lists dating from March 21, 1856 to October 13, 1856. The lists give the patient’s name, the treatment (typically "visit," but also "powders," "drops," "emetic," "medicine," and "bath"), and the cost, ranging from 25¢ to $1.50 for "Emetic, vapor bath & Liniment." Unusual pair of eclectic medicine notebooks, kept by one student at two of the leading American eclectic medical colleges of the 1850s, and that student’s first medical practice records. 1. Cooper, Recollections of Chambersburg, Pa., Chiefly between the Years 1830-1850 (Chambersburg, Pa., 1900), p.65. 2. Haller, Medical Protestants: The Eclectics in American Medicine, 1825-1939 (Southern Illinois University Press, 1994), p.148. Refs. An Historical Sketch of the Eclectic Medical College, 1845-1911. | Henriette’s Herba