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B & L Rootenberg Rare Books

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Researches on America; being an attempt to settle some points relative to the Aborigines of America, &c

MCCULLOH, James, H. Lovely woodcut of a Mexican temple (p. 132). Paper-covered boards, spine label; interior toned with foxing due to paper stock, small inkstain on p. 88. Overall a fine uncut copy. Second edition, much expanded (nearly double the size) from the first printing a year earlier. McCulloh here argues against the theory that animals and humans crossed into the Americas from Asia via the Bering Strait. Rather he proposed a hypothesis based on the biblical flood stating that "since the deluge, there was land of great extent in the Pacific, Indian, and Atlantic Oceans; no doubt much shattered and broken, yet not to such a degree as to hinder men and animals from roaming through the extended parts." He provides evidence of animals and birds and their migration habits. Much of his focus is tied to the age of the Earth as well as the development of language; he compares the language of the Americas with that of European and Asian tongues. He also focuses on what he refers to as the "institutions of America," including the development of religion in Mexico and South America. McCulloh eventually sent a copy of this second edition to Thomas Jefferson who responded in a letter saying that while the doctor’s hypothesis was plausible it was "too refractory to admit a conclusion." Despite this, McCulloh continued to publish books expanding on his theories. McCulloh (b. 1793) was an author and doctor in Maryland who also served as a garrison surgeon in the War of 1812. Even though he was a physician, his interests were focused on the burgeoning fields of archaeology and anthropology.
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An exposition of the weakness and inefficiency of the government of the United States of North America

MERCER, Charles Fenton Contemporary marbled boards backed in straight-grained morocco, corners worn, joints and mid-spine starting to crack but still together; occasional foxing. Overall a good copy. First edition of this bitter attack on the constitution and the way it was working. He treats all aspects of government operation and social issues, including suffrage, freedom of press, commerce, state versus federal rights and privileges, currency, religion, slavery, separation of powers, criminal justice, the post office, schools, treatment of Native Americans, and many other aspects of government. He further provides his own very simple and straight-forward thoughts on the operation of an efficient government. Mercer (1778-1858) practiced law and served in the War of 1812. He was elected to the House of Representatives and served as Congressman from Virginia from 1817 to 1839. As a Federalist and then Whig, he was not an abolitionist, and actually felt that the free blacks of America were a burden to taxpayers as well as a source of crime and disease, whose existence undermined the livlihood and dignity of workers in the North and the northern part of the South as those areas industrialized. As such, he became a founder of the American Colonization Society, which originated the plan for establishing the Free State of Liberia, intended to convince blacks to voluntarily be deported. The Society became a national presence with members such as James Madison, Henry Clay, John Marshall, John Randolph, John Taylor, William H. Crawford, Daniel Webster, Francis Scott Key, and James Monroe. However, once this book was published, Mercer was accused of being an abolitionist. After a limited distribution, he decided to suppress it, and had all of the copies he could locate destroyed. An altered version of this work was printed in London in 1863 which left out most of the controversial portions.
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De humani corporis fabrica libri septem

VESALIUS With the famous woodcut title, portrait of Vesalius, 23 full-page and approximately 180 cuts in the text, large and small historiated initials. Complete with the 2 folding plates (bound in) and large printer’s device on verso of last leaf. Modern full calf in a contemporary style, spine in compartments with gilt decorations and morocco label; first 8 and last 2 leaves repaired on the edges, P3 (pp. 437-438) torn on top right corner affecting last word in top 3 lines, otherwise an excellent, clean and wide-margined copy. Second edition containing Vesalius’s final revision of the text, along with significant typographical improvements and refinements. Oporinus set this edition in larger type (49 instead of 57 lines per page), which required recutting of all the small initial letters so that they could fit seven lines of new type. He also used heavier and finer paper and improved the presswork so that this second edition would be a superior example of bookmaking (see Norman, II, 2139). According to Choulant-Frank, "the impression of the woodcuts is often clearer and more beautiful than in the previous edition." This edition contains important corrections and additions. "A fairly full description of the vermiform appendix is added, and of great importance among the alterations is the denial of the permeability of the septum of the heart, thus contributing very substantially to the ultimate discovery of the circulation of the blood" (Tubor Doby, Discoverers of Blood Circulation, pp. 161-64).
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The American nations; or, outlines of their general history

RAFINESQUE, C.S. General title to the publication and second title to this first issue. Original printed wrappers, which includes advertisements on the rear wrapper, rebacked; text leaves very toned with foxing, all due to extremely poor paper stock. Notwithstanding, a wonderful copy, completely uncut, with the ownership inscription of G.R. Faulke on the second title. First edition of the publication in a quarterly periodical issued in the spring of 1836. Rafinesque initially planned for twelve volumes in the series, but only two were ever issued. In this first volume, he sets out on his goal to "enlighten the history of mankind" using all the availing sciences, ethnography and philology in particular, at his disposal. Through his labor and research, he intends to present a thorough chronology of the Western Hemisphere since currently "all the histories of America are mere fragments and dreams." Rafinesque uses his knowledge of geography and linguistics to additionalyl enhance his findings. The entire work contains references to many authors that have focused on aspects of the history of civilization and development of the Americas (including his own works, of course). He discusses cataclysmic and radical changes in the geology and population of the Americas, basing much of his further hypotheses on the age of the Earth. After making general comparisons of the Americas to Europe, especially to the colonization and development of nations, he discusses specific American tribes, their culture and languages. Rafinesque (1783-1840) was a cosmopolitan polymath who was born near Istanbul, self-educated in France, and eventually settled America in 1815. He primarily wrote on botany and zoology but also contributed to the fields of anthropology, biology, geology, linguistics, and American prehistory. Notably, Rafinesque proposed a theory of evolution before Charles Darwin in a letter dated to 1832, which Darwin himself acknowledged in the third edition of the Origin (1861). This rare volume offers important insight into a fascinating and prolific figure in American science.
In artem medicinalem Galeni

In artem medicinalem Galeni, commentarii tres

ARGENTERIO, Joannis Small woodcut portrait of the author, woodcut historiated initials. Contemporary vellum; the top nearly 90 mm. of the spine is missing, which allows one to view both the material used to back the spine as well as the sewing, and nearly that much of the top of the front cover is also missing, title page torn at bottom corner without loss of any printing, edges of first few leaves chipped, otherwise a very interesting and lovely copy. First edition of Argenterio’s commentary on Galen’s Art of medicine, a fundamental text taught at all major medical schools of the time, and one of the earliest stands against the teachings of Galen in a premier medical curriculum. The text is divided into three parts: the body, symptoms, and potential causes and cures. A common theme throughout Argenterio’s writings is his critique of Galen’s lack of specificity concerning pathology, namely his reticence in distinguishing symptom and disease. "The complimentary preface to Cosimo began with an attack on excessive dependence on Galen which broadens into a general condemnation of the main components common to both scholastic and humanist forms of academic education in the arts, philosophy, and medicine: reliance on ancient authority, teaching by commentary, and disputations or other forms of debate about texts. The grounds on which Argenterio objected to these practices were that the most esteemed ancient authors, notably Galen and Aristotle, were in many instances either factually wrong or internally inconsistent; that exclusive focus on the subject matter they had chosen to treat unnecessarily limited the agenda of inquiry; and that the time, energy, and ingenuity expended in textual exegesis would be better used in the direct investigation of nature." Argenterio (1513-1572) was an outspoken critic of Galen, alongside Vesalius and Fernel, among others. He was part of the medical faculty at the University of Pisa from 1543 to 1555 where he began to develop his theories, controversial at the time. Standard histories of medicine and biographical accounts duly note Argenterio’s readiness to criticize Galenic doctrines and to propound alternative views (chiefly on spiritus and the causes of disease). After his death, Argenterio’s ideas continued to play a part in late sixteenth- and early seventeenth-century endeavors to enlarge or replace Galenic explanations of disease. Lorenzo Torrentino (Laurens Leenaertsz), a Dutch printer based in Florence, published another of Argenterio’s works, Varia opera de re medica, in 1550. His press was essentially a mouthpiece for Duke Cosimo de’ Medici, and an important instrument for officially approved cultural diffusion.
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Former ages never heard of, and after ages will admire. Or, a brief review of the most materiall parliamentary transactions, beginning, November 3. 1640. Wherein the remarkeable passages both of their civil and martiall affaires are continued unto this present year .

VICARS, John Title within rulded border. With 14 text engravings. Calf-backed decorative paper boards, title and date in gilt on spine; interior toned with some foxing. Bookplate of Mr. T[homas] E. Watson, late 19th century and very small blindstamp of Charles Ludovick Lindsay (1862-1925), a print collector, on the title page. Very rare second edition of this illustrated history of the Civil War. The text is described (on the title) as a "breviary, leading all along successively, as they fell out in their severall years." What follows is a chronological account of the events from the establishment of the Long Parliament through the English Civil War and concluding in 1656. Throughout the book, engravings illustrate many of the major events. There is evidence that some of the engravings were used in Vicars’s and Thomas Jenner’s All the memorable and wonder-strikinge Parlamentary mercies (1642), and attributes them to Wenceslaus Hollar, a prolific Bohemian artist living in England. This work was first published in 1652 under the title A brief review of the most material parliamentary proceedings. Vicars (1579/80-1652), a Presbyterian historian and poet, is often attributed as the author, but Thomas Jenner (1637-1707), a Royalist, English barrister and justice, most likely became responsible for the text after the former’s death.
Of the lawes of ecclesiasticall politie

Of the lawes of ecclesiasticall politie, eight bookes

HOOKER, Richard Separate title page for the fifth book. Woodcut devices on titles, headpieces, and initials. Contemporary vellum, preserved in a folding cloth box. Ownership inscription of Edward Pye Chamberlayne dated 1692, 1693 and 1706, perhaps the same Chamberlayne (1661-1727) who spent time in Barbados and married Anne Kedley (1662-1733). They lived at "Nooke’s Court," also known as the "new house" in the parish of Dewchurch, Herefordshire, England. There are numerous annotations in his hand on the fly-leaf, including a large manuscript "Edward and Anne." Additional annotations throughout the book. Rare second edition of first four books initially published in 1593; this copy was also issued with the first edition of the fifth book published in 1597 which was a common practice. The text was originally intended to be eight books but only five were completed in Hooker’s lifetime. This book is considered Hooker’s masterpiece. The text was initially conceived as a response to the publication of An admonition to Parliament issued from a secret press in 1572. Admonition called for Queen Elizabeth I to return to a "more pure" form of worship in the Church of England. Puritans soon took up Admonition as their platform. In his response, Hooker defends the Church of England against Puritanism and Roman Catholicism. The core of Hooker’s thinking on the relations of church and state is unity. In his view, the Puritans adopted an impossible position: they claimed to be loyal to the queen while repudiating her church. By law and by reason, the people of England must be Anglican, pledged to serve Elizabeth as the supreme magistrate of the country and the supreme governor of the church. He criticized Roman Catholics for the dependence on tradition and argued that Puritans could not claim loyalty to the Queen while calling for reforms of her church. Ultimately, Hooker steadfastly upholds the tenants of Anglican tradition based on Bible, church, and reason, or in his words a "threefold cord not quickly broken." Hooker (1554-1600) was an Anglican priest, one of the most important and influential English theologians of the sixteenth century. His writings, especially the Lawes of ecclesiasticall politie, influenced both the development of the Church of England as well as political philosophy in his ethics and defense of human reason.
XXe siecle. No. 5-6. (offered with) No. 41

XXe siecle. No. 5-6. (offered with) No. 41

DI SAN LAZZARO, Gualtieri I: With an original color lithograph by Ernst, an original color gravure by Power, a grave by Gino Severini, an etching by Marcoussis and a woodcut after Kandinsky. Original printed wrappers; overall in excellent condition. II: Complete with all photographs and lithographs. Publisher’s illustrated binding; an excellent copy. I: English edition of the most groundbreaking publication of the twentieth-century art world. The founder, Walter of St Lazarus, or Gualtieri di San Lazzaro, was an Italian art historian, author, and collector who traveled to Paris to be part of the of the early modernist art scene, with French and Spanish painters such as Picasso, Miro, Chagall and Rouallt congregating there to share their newer, edgier, avante-garde work. Gualiteri’s journal was produced sporadically, with each issue created around a particular region or artist, commissioned with unique articles by leading or associated thinkers, poets, as well as unique lithographic prints by the chosen artist for that edition alone. Only sixty issues of the Review were ever produced. One of Gualitieri’s key passions was what was later called ‘the democratization of art’ – or, the ability for art to be seen, experienced, and owned outside of the elite Parisian, New York and London galleries. The Xxe magazine is regarded as a pivotal moment in the development of a modern sensibility towards art, as well as providing artists with a whole new method of reaching their audience. II: First edition. Number 41 displays special lithographs by Hans Hartung and Robert Indiana. The first part, Panorama 73, contains articles on artists Georges Braque, Picasso, Hartung, Graham Sutherland, and others; the second part focuses on American artists and the current trends in American art. Part 3, Chroniques du jour, contains reviews of exhibitions worldwide. This issue was published the year before San Lazzaro’s death.
A narrative of the Earl of Clarendon's settlement and sale of Ireland. Whereby the just English adventurer is much prejudiced

A narrative of the Earl of Clarendon’s settlement and sale of Ireland. Whereby the just English adventurer is much prejudiced, the ancient proprietor destroyed, and publick faith violated . . . Written in a letter by a gentleman in the country, to a nobleman at court

FRENCH, Nicholas Woodcut headpiece and capital. Later calf-backed marbled boards, edges red; interior trimmed, although no losses. Dated bookplate of the North Library (1860). First edition. The author, Nicholas French, provides a detailed account of the poor treatment of the Irish during the Restoration. He explains how in 1660 Protestant lords placed Irish Catholic landowners in prison in order to seize their property after the monarchy was restored. Written in the format of a letter, the Bishop ultimately calls for a total reversal of the Act of Settlement (1662) and the Act of Explanation (1665), which allowed Protestants loyal to the newly restored monarchy of Charles II to reclaim their estates in Ireland. French (1604-1678) was the Roman Catholic Bishop of Ferns. After war broke out in Ireland in 1641 he, along with several other Catholic clerics and gentry, helped to organise the rebels into a more cohesive political movement with the intention of attaining freedom of religion and legal equality for Catholics and self-government for Ireland. During the Civil War, French tried to promote a peace treaty with the Royalists at the same time as a more vigorous prosecution of the war in Ireland. Though a Treaty was signed with the Royalists in 1648, the English Parliamentarian conquest of Ireland began in 1649 during which Catholic clergy were executed. French, along with many other Catholics, moved to the Continent. The Monarchy was restored in1660, but under the Parliamentary Acts only a "favored minority" of Irish Catholic Royalists were returned their confiscated land, and the public practice of Catholicism remained illegal. According to the DNB, this pamphlet is extremely rare. There was an alternate edition also printed in 1668 numbering only 28 pages. It was reprinted under an alternate title, Inquity displaye’d, or the settlement of the Kingdom of Ireland in 1704.
A treatise on gems

A treatise on gems, in reference to their practical and scientific value

FEUCHTWANGER, Lewis Complete with leaf entitled Notices from Periodicals bound in before the title, appendix, detailed table of contents, the two pages of advertisements, and several text diagrams. Original cloth, front cover stamped in gilt, rebacked; interior excellent. Presentation copy from the author to Doctor Truman Stillman, possibly the New Orleans physician known for creating Temperance Bitters as well as sarsparilla and tomato bitters, as well as the small ownership stamp of E. McIlhenny (1872-1849) of New Iberia, Louisiana, the famous founder of the company to first produce tabasco. First edition, extremely rare first issue of the first treatise on gemstones published in the United States. A new edition was printed later the same year with the author’s name misspelled on the copyright page and less text. This pioneer work treats chemistry, geological and geographical distribution, nomenclature, lore, processing of gemstones for gem trade, as well as use of gemstones in optics. Feuchtwanger deals with individual gemstones, and their cutting and cleaning, as well as the manufacture of synthetic stones. Also included is an appendix on pearls and coral. Of special significance here is the first adequate record of native American precious stones and their localities. Feuchtwanger (1805-1876) was apparently a recent immigrant to the United States when writing the present treatise. He specialized in the manufacture of German silver and chemicals for laboratory use. This work was widely used as a reference until superseded by Kunz’s treatise in 1890. James Renwick, professor of chemistry and physics at Columbia College, commends the work as eminently useful.
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The second Punick War between Hannibal, and the Romanes: the whoe seventeen books, Englished from the Latine . . . with a continuation from the triumph of Scipio, to the death of Hannibal

ROSS, Thomas (translator); SILIUS ITALICUS, Tiberius Catius Asconius Title printed in red and black, additional engraved title, engraved portrait of Charles II by David Loggan, and 20 numbered engraved plates by Joseph Lamorlet, woodcut initials and headpieces, separate title for the Continuation. Text ruled in red. Early eighteenth century tree calf, red morocco spine label; an amazing large paper copy inscribed on the title page, "Edward Proger his booke presented him by the Translator his worthy freinde Thomas Ross Esq". From the library of Robert Rushbrooke with his armorial bookplate. First edition in English. "Ross’ translation is of uncommon interest not only from a political, but also a literary-historical, bibliographical and artistic point of view . [It] is one of the few works which, as far as we know, were evidently conceived, researched and written in the Southern Netherlands’ in the court in exile of Charles II" (Daemen-de Gelder). It is dedicated multiple times to Charles, with a large engraved portrait, a prose dedication, an epistle from Bruges (dated November 1657), and a verse address. Punica, a verse epic of the 1st century, is the only known work by the orator and poet Silius Italicus, and, at 12,000 lines, the longest surviving poem in Latin literature. The work’s reputation dipped in the Renaissance, but Silius was later known and admired by Milton, Dryden, Pope and Gibbon. In Ross’s hands, highlighted by Lamorlet’s engravings of key moments in the text, the Punica becomes a "mirror-for-princes" directed at both Charles II himself as well as his illegitimate son the Duke of Monmouth; much is made in the text of strong father-son relationships. The Continuation (the second sequence of 77 pages) is an original work by Ross, dedicated to the Earl of Strafford, and deserving of further study as a literary work on its own merits. Ross (1620-1675), brought up in a staunchly Royalist household, had been appointed Keeper of His Majesty’s libraries in 1652, was involved in the failed "Ship Tavern plot" in 1654, and traveled to the court of the future Charles II in Cologne in 1655, later following him to the Spanish Netherlands. Along with Edward Proger he was sent to retrieve the Duke of Monmouth from his mother in 1658, and subsequently became his tutor. He was also employed as a messenger between the court-in-exile and royalist conspirators in England. After the Restoration Ross was appointed keeper of the King’s library at St. James’s Palace, at £200 a year with lodgings, but also received payment (£4000) from Charles for "secret services," probably helping to recoup tax withheld during the Commonwealth. Proger (1621-1713), to whom Ross presented this copy of Silius, was a fellow courtier, page of honour to Charles I, and then groom of the bedchamber of Charles II in exile. Known to Charles as "Poge," he was particularly close to the future king, accompanying him to Jersey in 1646 and on the failed voyage to Scotland in 1649, and was trusted with missions of particular sensitivity (resulting in several periods of imprisonment after his return to England in 1652). After the Restoration he was rewarded with the post of deputy Ranger of Bushy Park, near Hampton Court (where he would have been a neighbor of Ross in Richmond). Not a great deal is known about the engraver Joseph Lamorlet (1626-1681) who both designed and executed the plates. He was the son of the painter Nicolaas Lamorlet, and rose to the position of Dean in the Antwerp Guild of St. Luke. He apparently produced retouches and alterations to order on a number of works by Van Eyck and Van Dyck, as well as some notable pieces of book illustration. His work here was perhaps commissioned in the late 1650’s but mostly executed after 1660, presumably on the basis of a relationship established while Ross was still in the Netherlands.
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The Ibis, a quarterly journal of ornithology

JOURNAL] Hundreds of exquisite full-page lithographed plates, many hand-colored, after J.G. Keulemans, J. Wolf, J. Jennens, H. Gronvold and others, text illustrations, distribution maps and tables. The first group of volumes also contain a list of members of the Union and the date of their election. The first six volumes bound in contemporary half-calf over marbled boards, spine in compartments, with the remaining volumes in library cloth, and most have the original printed wrappers bound in where the journal was issued quarterly; interior excellent. Bookplate (withdrawn) of Trinity College Library on the paste-downs; a wonderful set. First printings of this famous journal of ornithology. Included are: Fifth series, Volumes 1 (1883) – 6 (1888) Sixth series, Volumes 1 (1889) – 6 (1894) Seventh series, Volumes 1 (1895) – 2 (1896) Eighth series, Volumes 2 (1902) – 6 (1906) Ninth series, Volumes 1 (1907) – 6 (1912) Tenth series, Volumes 1 (1913) – 6 (1918) Eleventh series, Volumes 1 (1919) – 6 (1924) Twelfth series, Volumes 1 (1925) – 6 (1930) Thirteenth series, Volumes 1 (1931) – 2 (1932) Authors include G.E. Shelley, Sclater, John Henry Gurney, Edward Hargitt, William C. Tait, Henry Seebohm, Osbert Salvin, O. Finsch, W. L. Buller, R. Bowdler Sharpe, Scott B. Wilson; literally all of the great ornithologists throughout the publishing history of this journal. Sclater (1829-1913), a co-founder and editor of Ibis, was a well-known and highly productive (over 1400 publications) ornithologist by trade. He is also remembered for his 1858 paper setting out the faunal regions classification of zoogeography later adopted by Alfred Russel Wallace. He was also secretary of the Zoological Society of London, a member of more than forty professional societies at home and abroad, and a council member of the Royal Society of London. Assisting him as co-editor of some of the issues was Howard Saunders or A.H. Evans until 1931, when C.B. Ticehurst took over as editor. Now subtitled the International Journal of Avian Science, it is in its present form a peer-reviewed scientific journal which covers ecology, conservation, behavior, palaeontology, and taxonomy of birds. For it’s first nearly one hundred years, however, the journal focused on a more popularistic type of article, often introducing species and images to the public for the first time. A group of friends, mostly wealthy collectors of bird specimens, founded the British Ornithologists’ Union in 1858 with the primary intent of starting an ornithological journal. The first volume of the journal, The Ibis, appeared in 1859. Lists of species observed by traveling ornithologists and long catalogues of specimens obtained on expeditions filled the journal. "This random fact gathering on distribution persisted unchanged from 1859 to the 1940s." In her article entitled "The Ibis: Transformations in a Twentieth Century British Natural History Journal" in Journal of the History of Biology (October 2004, Volume 37, No. 3, pp. 515-555), Kristin Johnson points out (in a much more complete and professional manner) the difference between "popular" ornithology and "scientific" ornithology (study of the living bird in its natural environment, more on a biological aspect), the transition of which occurred post-1940. Meanwhile, the articles appearing in the Ibis were geared more toward the popularization of the science and the spread of knowledge of geographic distribution and the habits and patterns of the various bird species.
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Mark Twain’s Autobiography

CLEMENS, Samuel]. PAINE, Albert Bigelow Including duplicated half-title in Volume II and a list of books by Twain at the end. Sepia-toned frontispiece in each volume. Original publisher’s cloth with Twain’s facsimile signature in gilt on covers, top edge gilt, original light blue dust jackets and slipcase, small tears to dust jackets, slipcase without a spine; interior pages bright and crisp. Presentation copy from Paine signed "For Mr. Earl J. Bonheimer, sincerely Albert Bigelow Paine Nov 12/24." Pasted into Volume I are 3 unused Russian and Romanian postage stamps commemorating Mark Twain from 1960, Volume II also with an unused Russian postage stamp. First edition, first printing, suggested state "A" (see BAL). This autobiography is not a formal document of the author’s colorful life, but a collection of anecdotes and stories from his boyhood in Missouri, remembrances of his family, and details of his relationships with everyone from presidents to personal friends, told without regard to chronology. During his lifetime, Clemens claimed his autobiography would be so shocking that a hundred-year moratorium should be placed on its publication. However, fragments of his recollections were assembled and published within fifteen years of his death. Clemens (1835-1910), who wrote under the pen name Mark Twain, is considered one of America’s all time greatest humorists and writers. This text provides a unique portrait of the artist as a man. The excerpts assembled here were compiled by his friend, biographer, and literary executor Albert Bigelow Paine (1861-1931). Paine, a respected author in his own right, was a member of the Pulitzer Prize Committee and received the title of Chevalier in the French government’s Legion of Honor for his book on Joan of Arc.
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26 offprints on genetics and evolution from the Friday evening discourses of the Royal Institution

ROYAL INSTITUTION All are sewn or stapled as issued, without wrappers, in excellent condition. The Royal Institution of Great Britain was founded in 1799 and has had a long and fruitful role both in scientific research and scientific communications. Some of the scientists from the Royal Institution include Humphrey Davy and Michael Faraday in the first half of the nineteenth century, through to the earliest of the fifteen Nobel laureates at the Institution: J.W. Strutt, J.J. Thomson, Rutherford, W.H. and W.L. Bragg, and H.H. Dale in the first half of the twentieth century. It has been remarked that of all places on Earth, the Institution has seen the greatest number of discoveries per square metre. In 1826, Faraday instituted the Friday Evening Discourses designed to aid in the dissemination of science to a wider scientific audience. These continue to this day, and along with afternoon lecture courses have provided a platform for the major scientific figures of the day to discuss their work. Discourses varied from describing work in progress through to the announcement of new discoveries, often before their publication elsewhere. Since 1851, Friday Evening Discourses have been published in the Proceedings of the Royal Institution. Given their importance, many were subsequently published in book form, but offprints of the original Discourses take precedent and, being produced in limited numbers for the use of members, have become quite scarce. The following is a list of 26 offprints from the Friday Evening Discourses of works in evolution and genetics. All are sewn or stapled as issued, without wrappers, in excellent condition. EVOLUTION / GENETICS 1. BATESON, W. Gamete and zygote. February 15, 1918. 4 pp. 2. DANIELLI, J.F. Some new approaches to inheritance and evolution. February 5, 1960. 6 pp. 3. DARWIN, Charles. Some episodes in Darwin’s voyage on the "Beagle." March 6, 1960. 14 pp., including 1 full-page map. 4. DULBECCO, R. Infectious heredity and man’s future. February, 1964. 11 pp. 5. FORD, E.B. The study of evolution by observation and experiment. March 15, 1957. 9 pp. 6. GALTON, Francis. Generic images. April 25, 1879. 10 pp. 7. GALTON, Francis. The visions of sane persons. May 13, 1881. 12 pp. 8. GALTON, Francis. Personal identification and description. May 25, 1888. 15 pp. With 11 text figures. 9. GALTON, Francis. The just-perceptible difference. January 27, 1893. 14 pp. 10. GREENWOOD, P.H. Explosive speciation in African lakes. November 27, 1964. 15 pp. 11. HALDANE, J.B.S. The hereditary transmission of acquired characteristics. April 22, 1932. 16 pp. 12. HALDANE, J.B.S. The principles of plant breeding, illustrated by the Chinese primrose. February 21, 1930. 10 pp. 13. HALDANCE J.B.S. The prospects of eugenics. October 27, 1955. 15 pp. 14. HUXLEY, [T.H.] On the methods and results of ethnology. June 2, 1865. 4 pp. 15. KETTLEWELL, H.B.D. Industrial melanism in moths and its contribution to our knowledge of evolution. March 1, 1957. 14 pp. With 6 plates. 16. LANKESTER, Edwin. On the distinctions supposed to limit the vegetable and animal kingdoms. March 24, 1854. 4 pp. 17. MITCHELL, P. Chalmers. Anthropoid apes. May 6, 1904. 3 pp. 18. PENROSE, L.S. Limitations of eugenics. March 29, 1963. 15 pp. 19. POLANI, P.E. The sex chromosomes of man and their anomalies. April 30, 1965. 19 pp. 20. ROLLESTON, George. On the affinities and differences between the brain of man and the brains of certain animals. January 24, 1862. 3 pp. 21. ROMANES, George J. Evolution of nerves and nerv-systems. May 25, 1877. 22 pp. 22. SMITH, G. Elliot. The evolution of the mind. January 19, 1934. 18 pp. 23. THOMSON, Professor J. Arthur. Facts of inheritance. March 30, 1900. 14 pp. 24. WADDINGTON, C.H. Evolutionary systems animal and human. February 27, 1959. 13 pp. 25. WATSON, D.M.S. Africa and the origin of man. November 18, 1949. 6 pp. 26. WESTOLL, Prof. T. Stanley. A crucial stage in vertebrate evolution: fish to land animal. May 12, 1961. 20 pp.