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Athena Rare Books

A. Bronson Alcott: His Life and Philosophy.

A. Bronson Alcott: His Life and Philosophy.

ALCOTT, A. Bronson. Volume I: 1 blankleaf + half title + 1 leaf with an engraved portrait of Alcott on the verso + tissue guard + TP + [iii]-v = Preface + [vii] = Contents + 1-354 + 1 blank leaf; Volume II: 1 leaf with an engraved portrait of Alcott on the verso + tissue guard + TP + [i] = Contents + [355]-679 + 2 blank leaves, Octavo. First Edition.The memoirs were assembled by Alcott’s friends, Franklin Benjamin Sanborn (who wrote the first biography of Alcott) and William Torrey Harris (the founder of the Journal of Speculative Philosophy among many other things). These two wrote a large part of these two volumes and edited for inclusion significant materials left by Alcott as well as contributions from others who knew him. A contemporary review (The Monist, October 1893) called "this one of the most noteworthy biographies of this biographical year." Bronson Alcott was an American philosopher, teacher, reformer, and member of the New England Transcendentalist group.The self-educated son of a poor farmer, he traveled in the South as a peddler before establishing a series of schools for children. His educational theories owed something to Johann H. Pestalozzi, the Swiss reformer, but more to the examples of Socrates and the Gospels. His aim was to stimulate thought and "awaken the soul"; his method was conversational, courteous, and gentle. Questions of discipline were referred to the class as a group.These innovations were not widely accepted, and before he was 40 he was forced to close his last school, the famous Temple School in Boston and sell its contents to ease his debts. In 1842 with money from Emerson, he visited England, where a similar school founded near London was named Alcott House in his honor. He returned from England with a kindred spirit, the mystic Charles Lane, and together they founded a short-lived (June-December 1843) utopian community, Fruitlands, in Massachusetts. Alcott served as superintendent of schools in Concord, Mass., from 1859 through 1864.Bronson Alcott was a vegetarian, an abolitionist, and an advocate of women’s rights; his thought was vague, lofty, and intensely spiritual. Always poor or in debt, he worked as a handyman or lived on the bounty of others until the literary success of his second daughter, Louisa May Alcott, and the popularity of his lectures on the lyceum circuit finally brought him financial security. Publisher’s original blue pebbled cloth binding with gilt lettering to the spine. Each of the front free endpapers has the underlined k signature of "J. A. Green". Tight, bright and clean copies of this important Transcendentalist memoir. Fine. ADDITIONAL PHOTOS AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST.
Dialogues concerning Natural Religion.

Dialogues concerning Natural Religion.

HUME, David. 1 blank leaf + half title + TP + [5]-164 + 1 blank leaf, Octavo. Second Edition.The first edition – which is rare (we have seen only one copy in the past 30years) – was published in the same year with a title page that does not identify either the printer or the place. This second edition notes that it was published in London but mentions no printer – which contemporary records indicate was the bookseller, Robinson. (Please note that this copy contains the often missing half title.) These precautions were taken because the work was so controversial, in fact incendiary. Hume was famous for his atheism and he makes mention of writing for this book as early as 1751 but, the advice of his alarmed friends (who saw it as a "thoroughly irreligious argument"), persuaded him to withhold it, leaving instructions that it be published after his death (which occurred in 1776). However, his literary executor, Adam Smith, was reluctant to issue the book even posthumously, fearing for his friend’s already badly tarnished reputation. Hume’s publisher, Strahan, had the next option to publish, but he too demurred. Three years after his death, Hume’s nephew finally arranged for the book to be printed. According to his biographer, Mossner, Dialogues was for "so long and so highly cherished by the author" that this delayed release was surely justified. Mossner goes on to characterize the book and its arguments against design as one which "belongs among the classics of philosophy." (p. 606)In twelve dialogues between the theist Cleanthes, the rationalist Demea, and the sceptic Philo, Hume "subjected to sustained critical examination the widely held belief that the design of the world demonstrates the existence of a divine creator While at different times Hume used both Cleanthes and Demea to develop specific points" and indeed referred to Cleanthes as the "Hero" of the Dialogues, he seems himself to have identified with the skeptical Philo and to have "intended his readers to be persuaded by Philo’s unfailing criticisms on every variety of the argument from deign." (Oxford Dictionary of National Biography) Contemporary full leather binding with worn gilt ruling to the spine and the stamped title "Hume’s Dialogues" to faded red field. Light wear to the spine cap and the spine’s edges. Former owner’s bookplate ("R.B.Æ. Macleod of Cadboll. Invergordon Castle, 1877") to the inside front cover. Otherwise, this is a really lovely, bright, tight and clean copy of this important work by David Hume attacking the argument for God’s existence from design. ADDITIONAL PHOTOS AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST.
Essays on the Principles of Morality and Natural Religion

Essays on the Principles of Morality and Natural Religion, in Two Parts.

KAMES, Lord (Henry Home). Half title + TP + [i]-[ii] = Advertisement + [1]-394, First Edition. The Essays is commonly considered to be Kames’s most important philosophical work. In the first part, he sets forth the principles and foundations of morality and justice, challenging Hume’s moral skepticism and addressing the controversial issue of the freedom of human will. In the second part, Kames focuses on questions of metaphysics and epistemology to offer a natural theology in which the authority of the external senses is an important basis for belief in the Deity. It is at once a typical example of and an original contribution to the Scottish Enlightenment’s distinctive attempt to construct a moral science based on the principles of natural law.This first edition was so controversial that a charge of heresy was brought against him before the Presbytery of Edinburgh, with further complaints against the printers and publishers, but the death of the chief prosecution witness, Rev. George Anderson, brought that suit to an abrupt conclusion in 1756. Kames attempted to tone the controversy down for by rewriting several section in the second edition issued in 1758.David Hume wrote to his friend Michael Ramsay in June of 1751: "Have you seen our Friend Harrys Essays? They are well wrote; and are an unusual instance of an obliging method of answering a Book. Philosophers must judge of the question; but the Clergy have already decided it, & say he is as bad as me. Nay some affirm him to be worse, as much as a treacherous friend is worse than an open Enemy" Marbled paper boards with recent half-leather spine with five raised bands and gilt lettering ("Kane’s [sic] Essays") on a red field. New endpapers and blank leaves front and back. The half-title is trimmed along the bottom edge (?" deep) and there is a contemporary inked signature ("Andw Ferguson") in the upper right corner. The title page has a small stamp in the upper right corner (Withdrawn RFB") which is largely obscured by the final "S" in the first word of the book’s title. No other markings are to be found in the book. An uncommon work by this influential Scottish Enlightenment figure. ADDITIONAL PHOTOS AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST.
A Treatise Concerning Religious Affections

A Treatise Concerning Religious Affections, in Three Parts.

EDWARDS, Jonathan. TP + [iii]-viii = Preface+[ix] =-[xvi] = Subscriber’s Names + [25]-116 = The Life of the Reverend Mr. Jonathan Edwards + 1 blank leaf + [119]-499 + [501]-[508] = Table of Contents (actually an Index), Octavo. First New Jersey Edition.George M. Marsden begins his outstanding biography of Edwards by saying: "[He] was extraordinary. By many estimates, he was the most acute early American philosopher and the most brilliant of all American theologians." (Marsden, p. 1) This copy includes a long, near-contemporary biography of Edwards on pp. 25-116. Jonathan Edwards presided over the local religious Awakening that swept through his own church in NorthamptonMassachusetts in 1734-35 and then played a prominent role in the much larger and widespread Colonial revivalist movement of 1741-42 – which is commonly called "The Great Awakening". Both of these periods of intense religious fervor reached, at times, hysterical peaks of religious enthusiasm. In the end, the enthusiasm waned and the general fall-out was widespread: "hundreds of churches were split, the people were exhausted, and the solidarity of New England society in the preceding century had been sundered as by a knife." (Miller, pp. 176-77) "As the awakening was receding, defeated by its own excesses, [Edwards] had preached a series of sermons on the proper place of religious affections in the Christian life. During the next several years he revised and extensively expanded these into his Treatise on Religious Affections, which finally appeared in 1746. This careful exposition was immediately reprinted in England and remains the most widely read and admired of his theological works." (Marsden, pp. 284-5) A deep thinker, a brilliant writer and clearly the first great "American" philosopher, Edwards claimed here that "gracious and holy affections have their exercise and fruit in Christian practice." Edwards gave by far the longest attention to this test. "Religion consist much in holy affections;" he repeated "but those exercise of affection which are most distinguished of true religion, are these practical exercise" So the way to gauge the genuineness of one’s faith was not to look at one’s feelings, but to one’s practice. Edwards spoke as an empirical scientist. "As that is called experimental philosophy, which brings opinion and notions to the test of fact; so is that properly called experimental religion, which brings religious affection and intentions, to the like test" (Marsden, p. 288) The Treatise on Religious Affections is the book that laid the foundation for the American "pragmatic" style of philosophizing. Contemporary full-calf skillfully rebacked with the original spine which has five lightly raised bands and lettering on a dark red field. With two my Book" and the second a three-line gift dedication dated 12782. In general, the pages are rather poorly printed and most are uniformly browned. Still, an authentic 18th century copy of one of Edward’s most important and influential works. ADDITIONAL PHOTOS AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST.
The Child of the Tide.

The Child of the Tide.

CHENEY, Ednah Dow. 1 leaf with illustration on verso + tissue guard + TP + [3] = Dedication page + 5 = Contents + 7-68 (with illustration facing page 68) + 69-110 (with illustration facing page 111) + 111-194 (with illustration facing page 194) 195-212 + [213]-[222] (pp. 215, 217. 219& 221 are book illustrations) = Publisher’s advertisements + 1 blank leaf, Octavo. First Edition.Although generally listed as being one of Cheney’s "children’s books," today we would call this a YA (Young Adult) novel. It is a ‘coming of age’ story, tracing the growth of Johnny Eveleth from age 10 to 22 while tangentially presenting the lives of his immediate family and friends. John lives on the St. John river in Canada very near to that tidal wonder, the Bay of Fundy. In her Introduction, Cheney claims the substance of her story had been told to her by Mr. Eveleth himself in his old age.This story obviously attracted Cheney for its instructive possibilities, allowing her to present in fictional form her idealist perspective on the world in which she lived. As John’s story unfolds, we are introduced to his weak-willed, widowed mother, his beloved younger sister and an assortment of friends who help him to become successful along the way. But of all the lessons for life presented here – including independence, self-reliance, the importance of education and the value of a good and intelligent wife – is the running thread of Temperance as a necessary foundational principle for the good life. From Uncle Doctor,Christmas 1875"). Overall, a pretty copy of this neglected work by Cheney. ADDITIONAL PHOTOS AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST.
Memoirs of Margaret Fuller Ossoli.

Memoirs of Margaret Fuller Ossoli.

FULLER, Margaret Ossoli. Volume I: TP + [VII]-VIII= Table of Contents + [IX]-[X] = Quote page + [12]-351 + 1 blank leaf; Volume II: 1 blank leaf + TP + [I]-II = Table of Contents + [III]-IV = Quote page + [5]-352 + 1 blank leaf, Octavo. First Edition.Published two years after her death, Memoirs of Margaret Fuller Ossoli was the best-selling American biography for the next four years, appearing in thirteen editions before the end of the century. The book combines a wealth of Fuller’s own writings, including her "Autobiography," along with in-depth remembrances by her friends Ralph Waldo Emerson, William Henry Canning and James Freeman Clarke (the latter two being liberal clergymen). The Memoirs is a posthumous Festschrift – ananthology of texts and reminiscences – cobbled together by thesethree grief-stricken friends. Each volume contains four sections. The first in Volume I is Fuller’s own "Autobiography" and the second presents Clarke’s reminiscence of her early years in Cambridge (when he knew her best). This is followed by selections from her letters and journals and ends with Emerson’s long recounting of her time in Cambridge and Boston. The second volume opens with Canning’s reminiscence of her time in Jamaica Plains followed by a section of excerpts from her New York letters and then a third with letters from Europe before the concluding section which is entitled "Homeward." The three men provisionally titled the book Margaret and Her Friends, and, though they certainly intended to praise her, their selections and editing choices effectively buried her – leaving her morally prettified and embalmed with hands folded piously over her bosom. The men took it upon themselves to censor or sanitize much of the searing emotions of her journals and letters, and to rewrite quotes they feared might tarnish her respectability – especially in the light of her dubious marriage. Emerson had, in fact, urged Fuller to stay abroad with Ossoli and the baby, while a disheartening number of her familiars were of the opinion that a tragedy was preferable to an embarrassment. "Providence," Nathaniel Hawthorne censoriously noted, "was, after all, kind in putting her, and her clownish husband, and their child, on board that fated ship."Still, it was hard to hide all of Fuller’s revealing candor and the poignant display of her life as an intellectual and as a woman. While telling the story of her life in some detail, the selected quotes from Fuller provide substantial insight into an otherwise rather private, albeit riveting, life. Original publisher’s brown cloth binding with embossed covers and gilt lettering to the spine. A very pretty set. ADDITIONAL PHOTOS AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST.
Der geschlossne Handelsstaat. Ein philosophischer Entwurf als Anhang zur Rechtslehre

Der geschlossne Handelsstaat. Ein philosophischer Entwurf als Anhang zur Rechtslehre, und Probe einer künftig zu liefernden Politik. (The Closed Commercial State. A philosophical draft as an appendix to the legal doctrine, and a sample of a policy to be implemented in the future).

FICHTE, Johann Gottlieb. TP + [i] = Dedication page + [111]-[xvi] = Introduction + [xvii]-[xx] = Contents + half title + [3]-290. Octavo. First Edition. The Closed Commercial State – which Fichte himself regarded as his "best, most thought-through work" – is his most sustained attempt to apply idealistic philosophy to political economy. It is an intensely socialistic treatise in favor of a planned economy with strong tariff protections. It not only attests to Fichte’s life-long interest in economics, but is of critical importance to his entire philosophical project. The Closed Commercial State presents an understanding of the nature of history, and the relation of history to politics, that differs significantly from the teleological notions of history advanced by Schelling and later Hegel. Contemporary unprinted wraps. The covering is perished for the bottom 40% of the spine, but the exposed cords are solid and holding firmly. With a former owner’s name to the upper right corner of the front cover and "Fichte" hand written the lower right corner. A clean, tight and completely uncut copy which comes housed in a custom clamshell box. Charming and authentic. ADDITIONAL PHOTOS AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST.
Grundlinien einer Kritik der bisherigen Sittenlehre (Outlines of a Critique of Previous Ethical Theories).

Grundlinien einer Kritik der bisherigen Sittenlehre (Outlines of a Critique of Previous Ethical Theories).

SCHLEIERMACHER, Friedrich. TP + [III]-X = Vorrede + half title + [3]-489 + [490] = Druckfehler. Octavo. First Edition.Schleiermacher’s philosophic thought grew to maturity in the course of an earnest study of Kant’s works, extending over many years. But he was never a Kantian. He attempted to found a clearly reasoned determinism, as against Kant’s vacillating and obscure theory of freedom; seeking to show that the concepts of obligation, accountability, and of the other expressions of the moral consciousness can come to their full rights only in such a system.Grundlinien is the first of Schleiermacher’s strictly critical and philosophical works. It is a critique of all previous moral systems, including those of Kant and Fichte (with Plato’s and Spinoza’s being considered more favorably). It contends that the test for the soundness of any moral system is the completeness of its view of the ends of human life as a whole. Although it is almost exclusively critical and negative, the book announces Schleiermacher’s later view of moral science, attaching prime importance to a Güterlehre, or doctrine of the ends to be obtained by moral action. The obscurity of the book’s style and its negative tone prevented immediate success. Contemporary marble boards with gilt lined spine and handwritten label. With a 19th century Cincinnati library graphic label to the side front cover and a similar, but well-worn label to the inside of the rear cover. There are two very light old library stamps to the verso of the TP and on the final page of the book. ADDITIONAL PHOTOS AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST.
Des Causes de la Corruption du Goust (On the Causes of the Corruption of Taste).

Des Causes de la Corruption du Goust (On the Causes of the Corruption of Taste).

DACIER, Anne . 1 blank leaf + TP + [1]-614 + [615] = Omissions à suppléer + [616] = Fautes d’impression & Approbation + [617]-[619] = Privilege du Roy. 12 mo. First Edition.Based on a single incident (when she inscribed an autograph book with a quote from Sophocles: "Silence is the ornament of women"), Anne Dacier has sometimes been portrayed as a retiring aristocratic lady who considered public intellectual combat to be demeaning to her status as a woman. Had this been true, Dacier would never have published so many works under her own name and she would certainly never have entered into the furious debate that was set off by her translation of Homer whose faithfulness to the original text was in stark contrast to a translation published by Antoine Houdar de la Motte in 1714.Representing the "moderns" in this argument, Antoine Houdar de la Motte published his version of Homer radically altering the text to suit modern sensibilities while criticizing the stylistic and moral flaws of Homer compared with the poetry of modern France. As he did this, de la Motte – who knew no Greek – reduced the epic to twelve books and took the liberty, as he wrote in his defense, "to change what I thought disagreeable"in the poem. He called his rendering an "imitation," rather than a translation. In response to this affront – which she considered to be a travesty on several levels – Dacier published her major treatise on aesthetics: On the Causes of the Corruption of Taste. There, she unconditionally defended the superiority of classical literature, notably the epics of Homer, over the literary products of modern France and lambasted La Motte’s translation of Homer while providing a point-by-point refutation of his critique of antiquity. This lengthy treatise also permitted Anne to declare her philosophical allegiance to Aristotle on artistic questions – defending his theory of art, language, mimesis, and moral education – before expanding into her own philosophy of art and language. In Des Causes, Madame Dacier’s philosophical aesthetic places the question of taste at the very center of her investigation. For Dacier, "taste" is a central indicator of the general moral and political quality of society. The capacity of a particular culture to produce and appreciate sublime works of art, especially literary works, indicates that culture’s degree of moral and civic maturity. The decline of literary taste, she claims, presages a decline in virtue . "If we tolerate false [artistic] principles spoiling the mind and judgment [of our young people], there are no more resources left for them. Bad taste and ignorance will finish off this work of leveling It is literature which is the source of good taste, of politeness, and of all good government" Throughout, Dacier praises the achievement of ancient Greece and judges modern France as decadent by comparison. Declaring herself a partisan of Aristotle, she defends the mimetic thesis that art imitates nature, but she redefines "nature" to include the psychology of the characters depicted and the predominant traits of the society that are mirrored in art. Her philosophy of language defends the value of metaphorical speech against the rationalist charge of opacity. For Anne, classical literature possesses ethical as well as formal value inasmuch as it can encourage the formation of moral and even religious virtues in the character of the modern Christian reader. Through a process of empathetic imitation by its audience, great art, as exemplified by Homer’s epics, encourages the ascent of the moral, social, and political virtues central to civilization.For Dacier, the only solution to this cultural decline is the neoclassical one: a renewed study of classical languages and literature, with a new literary effort to imitate classical authors in vernacular works along with an effort to renew political society through the imitation of the civic virtues exalted by Homer and similar Greco-Roman authors.The intellectual sparring bet
The Good Man and the Good.

The Good Man and the Good.

CALKINS, Mary Whiton. Half title + TP + [v] = Quote page + vii-viii = Preface + ix-xx = Contents + half title + 1-219 + half title + [1]-[3] = publisher’s advertisements, Octavo. First Edition.This important and popular work saw three editions in seven years and deservedly so. It is a significant and comprehensive exploration and explanation of the various behaviors of humans. For Calkins, ethics was a division of psychology, but it was also linked to metaphysics. She thought that a complete metaphysics must always concern itself with the facts of ethics, that is, "the philosopher must rightly know the moral self and his subject, the good, in their relation to the rest of the universe." [p. 193 here] Therefore, as noted in her Preface: "The underlying purpose of this book is to treat ethics as the study of live men – of willing, struggling human beings, loyal or disloyal, brave or cowardly, just or unjust. To state this purpose in other words: the book does not conceive ethics as a science of abstractions – of duty, goodness, virtue, or values – but as the science of the dutiful, the good, the virtuous man and his object. Thus concretely conceived, ethics is an inevitable outlet of psychology and an essential source of sociological science." Original publisher’s dark blue cloth with gilt lettering to the spine. The title page has a perforated blind stamp reading: "Advance Copy Not for Sale Review Copy". Else, this a remarkably well-preserved copy of Calkins most important statement on ethics. ADDITIONAL PHOTOS AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST.
The Persistent Problems of Philosophy: An Introduction to Metaphysics through the Study of Modern Systems.

The Persistent Problems of Philosophy: An Introduction to Metaphysics through the Study of Modern Systems.

CALKINS, Mary Whiton. 1 blank leaf + half title + TP + [v] = Quote page + vii-viii = Preface + ix-xxii = Contents + half title + 3-575, Octavo. First Edition.The Persistent Problems of Philosophy, Calkins’ best-known and most popular philosophical work, was printed in five editions between 1907 and 1936.The book is a survey course of metaphysics as seen through the philosophical systems offered by Descartes, Hobbes, Leibniz, Berkeley, Hume, Kant, Spinoza, Fichte, Schelling, Schopenhauer, and Hegel. Of her final chapter, "Contemporary Philosophical Systems: The Issue between Pluralistic and Monistic Personalism", Calkins candidly states that It is only fair to point out, finally, that the book, though mainly exposition and criticism, is written from the stand point of a metaphysical theory fairly well defined. This I have indicated in my last chapter. My philosophical predilections have inevitably colored my criticisms; but I trust that they have not distorted my interpretation of the thought of the philosophers whom I have considered, and that the book may, therefore, be of service to those who do not agree with its estimates or with its conclusions.Calkins believed that the business of philosophy was metaphysics and The Persistent Problems isher tour de force survey of modern philosophers, the systems they espoused and the problems inherent in each of their systems. The book’s schematic approachis immensely helpful in the classification of metaphysical systems, and her summaryof each system is clear, concise and well-argued. The book thus serves as a wonderfully useful introduction to philosophy for beginners, and a valuable summation of modern philosophy for the more advanced reader as well as providing an introduction to MaryWhiton Calkins’ own philosophical thinking. Original publisher’s green cloth with gilt lines and lettering on the spine – which has the most minor of wear on the top of the front spine edge. There is just a bit of almost unobtrusive "bubbling" to the bottom of the front cover and a neat former owner’s signature ink ("Fanny Green Clark") to the top of the front free endpaper. There is some "cracking" just before the first half title and along the inside inner edge of the rear board, but the binding is eminently sound. A lovely copy of this philosophical survey by one of the most influential feminine thinkers of the early 20th century. ADDITIONAL PHOTOS AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST.
Female Biography; or

Female Biography; or, Memoirs of Illustrious and Celebrated Women, of All Ages and Countries.

HAYS, Mary. Volume I: TP + [iii]-viii = Preface + [ix]-xxvi = Alphabetical Table of Contents + [1]-238 + *169-238* – 239-316;Volume II: TP + [1]-404; Volume III: TP + [1]-444; Volume IV: TP + [1]-504; Volume V: TP + [1]-527; Volume VI: TP + [1]-476; 12 mo. First Editions.Hay’s "Preface" to Female Biographyis a bold, clear and lyrical announcement of her revolutionary intentions:My pen has been taken up in the cause and for the benefit of my own sex. For their improvement, and to their entertainment, my labours have been devoted I have at heart the happiness of my sex, and their advancement in the grand scale of rational and social existence. I perceive, with mingled concern and indignation, the follies andvices by which they suffer themselves to be degraded. If, through prudence or policy, the generous contention between the sexes for intellectual equality must be waved, be not, my amiable country-women, poorly content with the destination of the slave of an Eastern haram, with whom the season of youth forms the whole life! A woman who to the graces and gentleness of her own sex, adds the knowledge and fortitude of the other, exhibits the most perfect combination of human excellence. Let not the cold sarcasms of the pendant stifle your generous ardour in pursuit of what is praise-worthy: substitute as they fade, for the evanescent graces of youth, the more durable attractions of a cultivated mind; that, to the intoxicating homage of admiration and love, may succeed the calmer and not less gratifying tribute of friendship and esteem. To her who, sacrificing at the shrine of fashion, wastes her bloom in frivolity; who, trained but for the purposes of vanity and voluptuousness, and contemning the characteristic delicacy of her sex, dauntless obtrudes her charms on the public eye, the jest of the licentious, and the contempt of the severe; dreadful must be the approach of age, that season of collected thought and of repose to the passions, that will robe her of her only claim to distinction and regard. To excite a worthier emulation, the following memorial of those women, whose endowments, or whoseconduct, have reflected lustre upon the sex, is presented most especially to the rising generation, who have not grown old in folly, whose hearts have not been seared by fashion, and whose minds prejudice has not yet warped. In Female Biography, Hays created a dictionary of 294 impressivewomen culled from all ages of human history. The entries are arranged alphabetically starting with Abbassa (the sister of the fifth caliph and "the most beautiful and accomplished princess of the east") and ends with Zenobia (the queen of Palmyra whose "constitution was robust, her habit chaste, temperate, and hardy, while she excelled in every martial exercise. Her strong understanding, improved by study, rendered her not less able in the cabinet than formidable in the field"). In between, Hays presents the lives of Anna Marie Schurman, Margaret of Anjou, Ann Broadstreet [i.e. Bradstreet], Anne Boleyn, Joan of Arc, Aspasia and Mary Astell – just to mention seven of the sixty-eight women listed under the letter "A" in the Table of Content.While celebrating women of the past, Hays did not include several more contemporary female luminaries noting that "no character of eminence will, in the following work, I trust, be found omitted, except among those who have come nearer to our own times; of whom, for reasons unnecessary to be detailed, but few have been brought forward." Most notably missing is Hays great friend Mary Wollstonecraft whom she tended on her deathbed. Hays had, however, written an extensive adulatory obituary of Wollstonecraft which appeared shortly after Godwin’s Memoirs of the Author of A Vindication of the Rights of Woman had created a storm of controversy regarding her life, her politics and, most especially, her morals. Hays and her writing received even less critical evaluation or academic attention than Wollstonecraft until the 20th century’s eme
Eukleria seu Melioris Partis electio. Tractatus brevem vitæe ejus Delineationem exhibens (Eukleria

Eukleria seu Melioris Partis electio. Tractatus brevem vitæe ejus Delineationem exhibens (Eukleria, or Choosing the Better Part. A Treatise presenting a short Description of a life) & Vita Alberti Walsteini, ducis Friedlandiæ, &c. Ex Italico Galeacii Gualdi, in latinam sermonem translata. Labore ac studio Josuæ Arndii. (The Life of Albert Wallenstein Leader of Friedlandia ) & Trutina statuum Europæ olim scripta ab Illustrissimo Duce de Rohan (The Former State of Balance in Europe, written by the illustrious Duke of Rohan).

SCHURMAN, Anna Marie van & ARNDIO, Josua & ROHAN, Henri de. TP + 3-207 + [208] = Lectori S. + Errata. First Edition.[bound after]TP + 3-135, First Latin Edition [bound after]TP + [i] = Dedication page + [ii] = Poem + [iii] = Ad Lectorem + [iv] = Tabula Discursuum + [1]-194 + [195]-[200] = Hymnus + 1 blank leaf, Editio Altera.By 1664, at the age of 57, Schurman was completely disgusted with her life, her fame and the constant stream of visitors who imposed so severely on her time. At this crossroad, she met the Pietist, Jean de Labadie, a former Jesuit who had converted to Protestantism and then founded a contemplative religious sect known as Labadism. Anna Maria was fascinated by Labadie and his ideas and she completely abandoned her former life and joined his religious community. Nine years later, she published this autobiography, taking her title from Luke 10:42 where Martha’s sister, Mary, "chooses the better part" by sitting at Christ’s feet rather than helping out in the kitchen.The autobiography encompassed the whole of her life up to that point, providing an excellent window into contemporary attitudes and practices (most especially in relation to women) along with a clear exposition of the religious ferment that so permeated Dutch society throughout that time. Anna Marie’s late conversion to Labadism did, of course, color much of her presentation but the book is, as noted by her biographer Una Birch, characterized by "a sincere effort after self-portrayal, and of which the pages were only written after prolonged self-examination and searching of the heart." (p. 146)Later in her life, Anna Marie was in "horror of posthumous notoriety" (Birch, p. 188) and she destroyed all of her correspondence (although many letters were fortunately beyond her reach). At the very end of her life, she composed a second autobiographical volume which focused almost exclusively on her religious sensibilities and beliefs. That book (not offered here) was published as a separate volume in 1685, seven years after her death.The next book in this sammelband is the first Latin edition of Gualdo Priorato’s biography of Albrecht Wallenstein, the Duke of Friedland. The Italian original was published in 1643 and thisLatin translation is made by Josua Arnd twenty-five years later. Priorato’s biography is still one of the main near contemporary sources to the life and fate of Wallenstein, the famous "Generalissimo" in the Thirty Years War, who was murdered in 1634. The final book is Henri de Rohan’s political analysis of contemporary Europe which was also compiled and edited by Josua Arnd (the translator of the Wallenstein biography described above). An absolutely beautifully preserved contemporary velum binding with the most minimal soiling one could expect of a book well over 300 years old. With 7 lines of contemporary Rathenow". (The Rohan book does not.) In the same ink and contemporary hand as the inside cover, the verso of the TP of the autobiography is covered with 30 lines of notes describing the chapters. The text is then clean and bright up until page 200 where occasional neat red pencil (and sometimes black ink)underlinings occur right through and including the final page, 207. Otherwise, this is a truly lovely copy of thisrevealing 17th century autobiography by a well-educated and extremely well-connected woman. ADDITIONAL PHOTOS AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST.
Nobiliss. virginis Annae Mariae a Schurman

Nobiliss. virginis Annae Mariae a Schurman, Dissertatio, de Ingenii Muliebris ad Doctrinam, & meliores Litteras aptitudine. Accedunt Quaedam Epistolae, ejusdem Argumenti (The Noble Virgin Anna Marie Schurman, A Dissertation on the Suitability of a Woman’s Mind for Scholarship and Literature, to Which is Added Certain Letters, making the Same Argument).

SCHURMAN, Anna Marie Van. 1 blank leaf + TP + 3-112 + 1 blank leaf, small Octavo. First Edition. The original appearance of this essay was in the second edition of a collection of letters, Epistolica Quaestio de Vitae Terimino, compiled by Jan van Beverwijck and published in 1639. The essay first appeared as a separate book in 1641 where it included the correspondence between the author and André Rivet, Adolfus Vorstius, Andreas Colvius, and Jacobus Lydius, that was generated by the essay.The final pages contain some complimentary verse written by van Schurman. Anna Marie had by this time broken with Descartes (with whom she had been friends) and rejected the ‘new’ philosophy in favor of the ‘old school’ approach of syllogistic argumentation – which is the form that she so pointedly and brilliantly uses to make her points throughout this book. This work argues that women were fit to be educated in all matters but that they should not use their education in professional activity or employment and it should not be allowed to interfere with their domestic duties. For its time this was a truly radical position.The book was widely read throughout the Republic of Letters and translated into several languages including Dutch, French and English (where it appeared under the title The Learned Maid or, Whether a Maid may be a Scholarin 1659). beautifully preserved contemporary vellum with just the lightest of discoloration and spotting to the covers. With a one-line contemporary ink inscription to the top of the first free endpaper. There is a faint (so faint as to be unreadable) greenish stamp to the title page which appears just below the famous Elzevier title vignette (know as the "Solitaire"). An absolutely lovely copy of this early seminal work of Western feminism. ADDITIONAL PHOTOS AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST.
Opuscula Hebraea

Opuscula Hebraea, Graeca, Latina, Gallica, prosaica & metrica, (Works in Hebrew, Greek, Latin and French, prose and metered).

SCHURMAN, Anna Maria Van. TP + [i]-[iv] = Lectoris + [vi] = frontispiece portrait of the author + 1-374 + 1 blank leaf. First Edition.With the engraved self-portrait frontispiece that the author executed in 1640 when she was 33 years old. Below this, van Schurman has written: Cernitis hic picta nostros in imagine vultus: / Si negat ars formam, gratia vestra dabit (See my features portrayed in this image, If art denies beauty, then your favor will grant it). Despite an aversion to her growing notoriety, van Schurman was finally persuaded by Leyden’s Professor of Theology, Dr. André Rivet (her friend and spiritual adviser whom she referred to as "her father in Christ") to publish a collection of her works and, more particularly, her correspondence. Elzevier published the work and, for the first time, allowed her some significant control over the printed text. This she did, reprinting her now famousDissertatio, de Ingenii Muliebris ad Doctrinam and including copies of her letters – fourteen written in French and fifty-nine in Latin, Greek and Hebrew, all addressed to a wide variety of famous men and women. The book also included twenty-two of her Latin poems and the entire text was edited by Friedrich Spanheim, the rector of the University of Leden, who also wrote a laudatory Preface. In her outstanding book on Anna Marie van Schurman, Anne R. Larsen notes that "more than any of her previous publications, the Opuscula affirmed her authoritative standing in the Republic of Letters" (p. 175). This was so true that the book saw a second edition in 1650 and a third in 1652, with that version being reprinted in 1672, 1700, 1723 and finally in 1794. Contemporary vellum with a lovely, hand-written four-line title on the spine. A beautifully preserved contemporary copy that comes with a custom fitted slipcase. ADDITIONAL PHOTOS AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST.
Conversations on the Intellectual Philosophy; or

Conversations on the Intellectual Philosophy; or, a Familiar Explanation of the Nature and Operations of the Human Mind.

MARCET, Jane. Volume I: Half title with publisher’s ads on verso + TP + [vii]-ix = Contents + [1]-308; Volume II: TP + [v]-vi = Preface + [vii]-v = Contents + [1]-300. 12 mo. First Edition.Published the same year as her Conversations on Vegetable Physiology: Comprehending the Elements of Botany with Their Application to Agriculture, this is not only Jane Marcet’s rarest, but also her most ambitious intellectual work. Moving into the very heart of intellectual, philosophical debate, Marcet packaged these "conversations" in language that she considered simple enough to explain the problems and methods of philosophy to "a family of children." In doing this, she claimed that she was leaning heavily on the example set by Dr. Edward Herbert who conducted such easy-to-understand conversations with his own children. After a 30-page "Preliminary Sketch" explaining who Dr. Herbert was, his methods, who his children were and how they fared from this type of education, Jane launches into "Conversation I" which is carried on between Herbert and his four children, Edward, Charles, Mary and Matilda. In her exposition of "intellectual philosophy," Marcet primarily repackages the theories and beliefs of the Scottish philosopher, Thomas Brown (a student of Dugald Stewart), fully expounding his views on mind, cause and effect, consciousness, conscience, sensations and emotions. Brown’s philosophy occupies an intermediate place between the earlier Scottish school and the later analytical or associational psychology, to which he really belonged. He still retained a small quantum of intuitive beliefs, and did not appear to see that the very existence of these could not be explained by his theory of mental action. Severe criticism of Brown’s philosophy came from Sir William Hamilton in his Discussions(1852) and Lectures on Metaphysics (1859-1860), but he was held in higher esteem by John Stuart Mill who gave some of his ideas support in his AnExamination of Sir William Hamilton’s Philosophy (1865).When first published, the book was praised in the Literary Gazette as a groundbreaking educational tool while the Atheneum criticized and excoriated it, claiming the book was "a dangerous insinuator of ‘metaphysics’ into innocent minds." Contemporary full dark green pebbled morocco, with gilt panels to the boards and gilt decorations and lettering to the spines. Very minor foxing to a few pages. With light discoloration to the side front cover of each book where a former owner’s bookplate has obviously been removed. Overall, a very pretty set of this extremely scare and extraordinarily ambitious popularization of philosophical concepts by Jane Marcet. ADDITIONAL PHOTOS AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST.
History of the Rise

History of the Rise, Progress and Termination of the American Revolution. Interspersed with Biographical, Political and Moral Observations.

WARREN, Mercy Otis. Volume I: TP + [iii]-viii = An Address to the Inhabitants of the United States of America + [ix]-xii = Contents + [1]-447 + 1 blank leaf; Volume II: TP + [iii]-vii = Contents + [1]-412; Volume III: 1 blank leaf + TP + [iii]-vi = Contents + [1]-475. Octavo. First Edition.In this three-volume History, Warren specifically eschews a "dry narrative of military havoc," and, instead, spends considerable time discussing the characters of leading figures of the Revolution – many of whom she knew personally. This is a first-hand description of people and events as told by a woman who was closely connected with many of the events she describes – a female revolutionary who is now allied with Jefferson’s Republican party and deep in her opposition to the Federalists who then dominated Massachusetts politics. It is hardly surprising then that President ThomasJefferson ordered subscriptions for himself and for his cabinet and noted his "anticipation of her truthful account of the last thirty years that will furnish a more instructive lesson to mankind than any equal period known in history."Despite its frequently critical treatments of the Federalist (most especially her former friend John Adams who was incensed by the accusations that she leveled against him), Warren’s History is considerably more optimistic about the chances for the survival of an American republic than many of her earlier statements. Here, her support for the Federal Constitution, which she had opposed in the 1780s, is unstinting. Even with this more equable view of the first years of the Republic, however, Warren’s essential disagreement with the Federalist approach remained unmistakable. She never stopped insisting that true liberty could only be the expression of a virtuous citizenry, and could not be managed or maintained through merely institutional organizations. Of all the first-generation historians of the Revolution, Mercy Otis Warren "had the most systematic understanding of the relationship between ideology and ethics, the best-developed interpretation of how corruption operated in history, and the clearest insight into the historian’s role as a social and political critic." (The William and Mary Quarterly). Her personal involvement with people and events coupled with her staunch republicanism and her providential Puritan view of history, makes this History one that continues to generate interest with scholars, historians and general readers alike. Full contemporary marbled sheepskin with simple gold lines on the spines along with gilt-lettered, red leather labels. Boards very slightly sprung. Text with occasional light foxing. Housed a protective open slipcase. Overall, a lovely set of this important contribution to our understanding of the early American experience by one of its foremost female writers. ADDITIONAL PHOTOS AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST.
Original Stories from Real Life

Original Stories from Real Life, with Conversations Calculated to Regulate the Affections and Form the Mind to Truth and Goodness.

WOLLSTONECRAFT, Mary. Frontispiece illustration + TP + [iii]-vi = Preface + [vii]-viii = Introduction +[ix]-[xii] = Contents + [1]-177 + [178]-[180] = Publisher’s advertisements, 12 mo. Second Edition (but the first thus with Blake’s six illustrations appearing opposite the TP and inserted at pages 24, 74, 94, 114 & 173). [Windle A3b]The first edition of Original Stories from Real Life appeared in 1788; a fictionalized account of Wollstonecraft’s experiences as governess for the daughters of a noble family in Dublin. Repackaging the tenets of her first book (Thoughts on the Education of Daughters) in novelistic form, this work present Mrs. Mason (a thinly disguised Wollstonecraft) as she "introduces two girls to the realities of poverty, hunger and child mortality. Their best education lies not in accomplishments with a view to the marriage market – in practice a property market – but in responsible fellow-feeling for the obscure, the rude the weak and misused." Wollstonecraft’s teaching proved to be remarkably effective. Her eldest charge, Margaret, would eventually leave her husband and establish a free relationship with her lover, abandoning "class and country for her own experimental course that would allow her to develop a medical practice, decades ahead of the first professional women doctors." This copy includes William Blake’s illustrations thatappeared in only some copies of the book – which was offered at two shilling without the illustrations and two shillings six pence if Blake’s pictures were present. Blake’s "woodcuts break with earlier eighteenth-century styles, the rococo ornamentation associated with aristocratic frivolity in Watteau or the property-portraiture of house, estates, horses,dogs, guns, wives and heirs. Blake’s illustrations for Real Life have the purity of his poem ‘Visions of the Daughters of Albion’, a protest against the existing order that ‘inclose’d [a woman’s] infinite brain into a narrow circle’. In perfect harmony with Mary Wollstonecraft, he shifts inward and light up states of being: pity, grief, devotion. His illustrations are wordless sermons. Mrs. Mason appears in white, a stand-in for God; her arms are stretched out to form a cross, but without theusual iconography of pain: this model is not the martyr inducing voyeuristic emotions of horror. She has the purer, altruistic appeal of a teacher who wants to be of "use’." [Gordon, pp. 92-96, 133]Blake’s six intaglio copper-plate engravings exist in two different states. Easson and Essick reports "the existence of an early state of the pls. ‘prior to the first edition’" noting that only "the first state of pls. 1 and 2 were in fact published with some copies of the book", but "only a few copies have the first state". This copy has plates 1 & 2 in the second state and 3-6 in the first state. Contemporary full leather binding with some wear and a bit of light gouging, most especially to the front board. Simply and sympathetically rebacked with gilt double-banding. This is a pretty copy of this doubly important book (Wollstonecraft & Blake). Preserved a lovely custom cardboard ship case with paper identification label. ADDITIONAL PHOTOS AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST.
Posthumous Works of the Author of A Vindication of the Rights of Woman.

Posthumous Works of the Author of A Vindication of the Rights of Woman.

WOLLSTONECRAFT, Mary . Volume I: 1 blank leaf + half title + TP + [i]-[v] = Godwin’s Preface + [vii]-[xi] = Author’s Preface + [xii] = Errata +[xiii] = halftitle + [xv] = Contents + [1]-181 + 2 blank leaves; Volume II: 1 blank leaf + half title + TP + half title + [1]-196 + 1 blank leaf; Volume III: 1 blank leaf + half title + TP + half title + [i]-[iii] + Preface + [1]-192 + 1 blank leaf; Volume IV: 2 blank leaves + half title + TP + half title + [i] = Contents + [ii] = Errata + [1]-195 + 1 blank leaf; small Octavo. First Editions. (Windle A8a)Following Mary Wollstonecraft’s death in childbirth, her husband, William Godwin, was so distraughtthat he couldn’t even bring himself to attend the funeral. Instead, following his life-long habit, Godwin threw himself into work and, within four months, had delivered the text for both the Posthumous Works and the Memoirs of the Author of a Vindication of Womanto the publisher. As noted by William St. Clair: "The Posthumous Works, which are in four volumes, consist of the incomplete Wrongs of Woman, some notes for the second part of The Rights of Woman which was never written, an incomplete tale called The Cave of Fancy, and various practical hints relating to the upbringing of children In addition to these writing which had always been intended for publication,Godwinfilled most of [the later] two volumes with transcripts of Mary’s letters to Gilbert Imlay, boldly proclaiming in the Preface to contain ‘the finest examples of the language of sentiment and passion ever presented to the world’, superior even to those in Goethe’s Sorrows of Young Werther, and ‘the offspring of a glowing imagination and a heart penetrated with the passion it essays to describe.’ The letters covered Mary’s first meeting with Imlay, their love affair, the birth of Fanny, Mary’s threatened suicides, and the long painful breakdown of their relationship." (p. 181)The incomplete The Wrongs of Woman, or Maria – which comprises most of the first two volumes of this collection – wasanother of Wollstonecraft’s feminist tour de forces. As noted by her biographer, Janet Todd, it was "clear on the political, economic, and legal ills of women, the wife’s inability to own property, her lack of rights over her children when separated, the physical and financial abuse of men, together with the salve: the help women might give each other across class." The novel’s heroine was "literally a prisoner of sex, immured in a madhouse by her husband so that he can control her property, and she traced the maze of legal and domestic oppression of woman to the same conclusion reached by the Vindication: Was not the world a vast prison and women slaves?" Contemporary maroon cloth, beautifully rebacked to match original spines with gilt lettering, lines and volume numbers. A really lovely set of this impressive posthumous collection of Wollstonecraft’s works. ADDITIONAL PHOTOS AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST.
Interpretation of Visions

Interpretation of Visions, Seminars given by Dr. C. G. Jung.

JUNG, C. G. Part I: TP + "Edited by Mary Foote" page + [1]-283; Part II: TP + "Edited by Mary Foote" page + [1]-275; Part 3: TP + "Edited by Mary Foote" page + [1]-201; Part 3: TP + "Edited by Mary Foote" page + [1]-201; Part 4: TP + "Edited by Mary Foote" page + [1]-163 +[1]-5 = Index of Dreams & Visions; Part 5: TP + "Edited by Mary Foote" page + Restricted Usage page + [1]-249; Part 6: TP + "Edited by Mary Foote" page + Restricted Usage page + [1]-230; Part 7: TP + "Edited by Mary Foote" page + Restricted Usage page + [1]-133; Part 8: TP + "Edited by Mary Foote" page + Restricted Usage page + [1]-159; Part 9: TP + "Edited by Mary Foote" page + Restricted Usage page + [1]-178; Part 10: TP + "Edited by Mary Foote" page + Restricted Usage page + [1]-227; Part 11: TP + "Edited by Mary Foote" page + Restricted Usage page + [1]-190; Part 12: 29 loose pages with a hand-numbered photostatic illustration on each page. 8½" x 10¾ " Note that the covers on Parts 9-11 are sized 11" rather than closely trimmed to 10¾" as are the first 8 volumes. The loose sheets Part 12 are 7" x 9¾". First Edition Multigraph Copies.In her Introduction to the 1997 edition of these seminars (published by Princeton University Press), the editor, Claire Douglas notes that:The seminar contains some of Jung’s most psychologically revealing work. The effect of Jung’s manner on the subject under discussion, as well as on his listeners then and readers now, makes this seminar one of the most problematical and interesting segment of Jung’s work. [DUE TO ABE SPACE LIMITATIONS, THIS IS A MUCH REDUCED VERSION OF THIS DESCRIPTION. A COMPLETE DESCRIPTION IS AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST.]This unedited original text is accessible ONLY in this first edition printing. PROVENANCE:Part I& VIII have the name of "Eleanor Bertine" neatly written in ink in the top right corner of the front free end paper. Eleanor Bertine was, of course, one of the "first generation of Jungian analysts" and one of the three central figures in bringing Jung’s theories to the United States – working in close and constant partnership with both Kristine Mann and Esther Harding; a group that William McGuire refers to as the "New York troika" (Analytic Psychology, Princeton University Press, 1989, p. viii). Bertine was a classmate of Mann at Cornell where they both earned their medical degrees in 1913. During the 1920s, they began analysis with Jung in Switzerland and in 1924 they decided to join Harding in establishing an analytic practice in the United States. She was a faithful and regular participant in Jung’s seminars.ILLUSTRATIONS:Part 12 is nothing more than a set of covers acting as a folder holding the twenty-nine illustrations. The first twenty-one of these are photostatic prints pasted onto heavy paper and loosely inserted in the folder. The final eight illustrations are provided in color facsimiles. Each illustration has a number from 1 to 29 hand-lettered in ink beneath it. The first twenty-four illustrations were mounted on heavy tan paper while the remaining five were are pasted onto heavy grey paper. Part I to 11:Each of the eleven volumes is an original Multigraph copy with the single-sided text bound using three large staples. The covers are marbled blue boards with blue canvas tape on the spine. Each volume has identifying I A 30" to "V XI W 34". The "V" indicated Volume, the "A" and "W" being abbreviations for "Autumn" and "Winter" and the number indicating the year. The covers show just a bit of wear but nothing truly worth remarking. There is a small typed piece of paper pasted to the inside front cover of the first four volumes reading: "This report is strictly for the use of members of the Seminar, with the understanding that it is not to be circulated." In the remaining volumes this information is printed on the "Restricted Usage page" as noted in the collation at the top. Part 12:A ‘folder-like’ affair using the cover and spine materials that were used in all the other volumes. The two halves o
De betoverde Weereld

De betoverde Weereld, zynde een grondig ondersoek van ‘t gemeen gevoelen aangaande de GEESTEN, derselver Aart en Vermogen, Bewind en Bedryf: als ook ‘t gene de Menschen door der selver kraght en gemeenschap doen. vier Boekenondernomen. (The Bewitched World, or, an Examination of the Errors in the Common or Vulgar Opinions Concerning SPIRITS: Their Nature, Power, Administration and Operations. and also the Effects Men are able to produce by their Communication with Good or Evil Spirits.).

BEKKER, Balthasar. Four books in one volume: 1 blank leaf + TP to Book 1 [1691] + 1 leaf with engraved portrait of Bekker on verso + [i] = Verklaaringe van’t Sinnebeeld + half title with Beright on verso [signed by Bekker] + [v]-[viii] = Toe-Eigen-Brief + [ix]-[xx] = Voorrede + 1-137 + [138]-[139] = Register der Hoofdstukken (List of Chapters) + TP to Book 2 [1691] with Beright on verso [signed by Bekker] + [i]-[vi] = Voorrede + 1-246 + [247]-[248] = Nader Beright + [249]-[250] = Register der Hoofdstukken + TP to Book 3 [1693] + [i]-[vi] = Aan den bescheidenen Leser (To the Modest Reader) (signed by Bekker on page [vi]) + 1-57 [cancel not removed] + 55-188 + [189]-[190] = Register der Hoofdstukken + 1 blank leaf + TP to Book 4 [1693] + [i]-[iv] = Aan den Leser (signed by Bekker on page [iv]) + 1-224 + (217)-(224) + 225-277 + [278]-[279] = Register der Hooft-stukken + [280] = Register [Publisher’s list] + 1 blank leaf; Quarto. First Edition. (Van der Linde, 16, 17, 19, 20; Coumont, B40.2)With the rare, engraved 1691 portrait of Balthasar Bekker created by Johannes Hilarides (1648-1725) entitled "Monothe-ist."[THIS DESCRIPTION HAS BEEN SHORTENED BECAUSE OF ABE SPACE REQUIREMENTS. FOR A FULL DESCRIPTION, PLEASE EMAIL.]De beoverde Weereld is one of the most important text of what Jonathan Israel recently termed the ‘Radical’ Enlightenment. It caused a furor when it was first published in Holland and the firestorm quickly spread to Germany, France and England – where the book was translated and published within three years of its original appearance in Dutch. Bekker was a Reformed pastor who had caught the infectious disease of ‘philosophizing’ after the manner of Descartes and Spinoza – which, more than anything else, meant the freedom to reconsider received doctrine in the light of reason. Bekker previously had encountered difficulties with two of this earlier published works – an unconventional adult catechism [1670] and a book confounding the prevailing superstitions about comets [1683] – (there had been three spectacular sightings between 1680 and 1682).But nothing Bekker had previously written prepared the local clergy – or northern Europe – for the book that he published in 1691. Picking up on suggestions originally made by Descartes and Spinoza, The Bewitched World argued lucidly and effectively against the popular belief in spirits and the power of the devil over human beings claiming such beliefs were insupportable either by reason or by a careful reading of the Bible. It has been claimed that Bekker’s book was such an effective attack on these ideas that he all but single-handedly caused the demise of the witchcraft trials and devil-based persecutions that had plagued northern Europe for much of the 17th Century. While it is easy to exaggerate the impact of Bekker’s book, it is clear that The Bewitched World was a seminal work in the undermining of superstition, an early and powerful blow against the authority of the Bible, a significant instrument for the weakening of the Church’s hold on men’s beliefs, and a primary contributor to the liberation of thought across northern Europe. Contemporary vellum binding with worn, all-but-illegible title handwritten on spine. Corners just a bit bumped and slightly sprung with half-a-dozen,horizontal, brown old abrasion line on the rear cover. As noted above, all four books have been hand-signed by Bekker ink. In Book 3, the pages are significantly browned from page 9 through page 110. A lovely first edition copy of one of the major works of the Radical Enlightenment. ADDITIONAL PHOTOS AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST.
Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus.

Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus.

WITTGENSTEIN, Ludwig. Half title with publisher’s list on verso + TP + [5] = Note page + 7-189 + 1 blank leaf, Octavo. First American Edition(Frongia/McGuiness "Tract." p. 42). Between "The world is everything that is the case" and "Whereof one cannot speak, thereof one must be silent," Wittgenstein presents this monumental work which is usually accorded the honor of being "the most important book of twentieth-century philosophy". Printed in English with facing German texts, this is the first American edition (printed from the original English sheets with a new title page) in book form of what first appeared in 1921 in the final number of Annalen der Naturphilosophie, the text here revised by the author and a translation made by Frank P. Ramsey under the editorship of C. K. Ogden. Bertrand Russell, Wittgenstein’s one-time teacher, supplied the uncomprehending "Introduction". (Regarding the "Introduction", Wittgenstein wrote Russell on April 9, 1920: "There’s so much of it that I’m not quite in agreement with – bothwhere you’re critical of me and also where you’re simply trying to elucidate my point of view." [WA, p. 23]) Apart from one paper published in 1929 – which he considered weak and confused – the Tractatus was the only philosophical work Wittgenstein published in his lifetime. The first printing of the book did not sell well (a second edition did not appear until 1933) and all copies were not bound at the time of publication. As more copies were called for and bound, at some point in late 1925 this undated ten-page catalog was added to the book (not present here). Original publisher’s cloth with embossed publisher logo on the front cover and bright gilt lettering to the spine. There are two very small gouges to the gutter of the front spine. Otherwise, this is a bright, clean, tight and about as near fine a copy as one could hope to see. A beautiful copy of what many consider to be the most important philosophical work to be published the 20th century. ADDITIONAL PHOTOS AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST.
Historia mulierum philosopharum. (A History of Women Philosophers).

Historia mulierum philosopharum. (A History of Women Philosophers).

MENAGE, Giles. TP + 3-130 + [131]-[136] = Index Nominum + [137]-[156] = IndexRerum + 131-141 = Addenda Historiæ Mulierum Philosopharum + half title + [3]-80 + [81]-[93] = Tavola + [94] = Privilege du Rey + [95] = Errata, 12mo. First Edition.A groundbreaking work whichprovides an account of 65 different women philosophers that Ménage has found mentioned in the writings of the ancients. This first-ever history of women philosophers is not presented as straight narrative, but rather as a sort of dictionary of woman philosophers noting who they were, what they said and the places where mention of them can be found in ancient texts. Ménagededicated the book to Madame Anne Dacier, justifying her career choice and implying that her serious engagement with learning makes her, and women like her, theequal of contemporary male scholars. In the 1980’s, the Historia mulierum was translated into English (The History of Woman Philosophers; translated by Beatrice Zedler; University Press of America, Lanham, MD, 1984) and served as the foundation for an even more recent study entitled Women Philosophers:A Bio-Critical Source Book (Greenwood Press, 1989) edited by Ethel M. Kersey.Written in Italian, the second part of the volume (with separate pagination) carries the title Lezzione d’ Egidio Menagio sopr’ L Sonetto VII di messer Francesco Petrarca (Lesson of Gilles Ménage on the Seventh Sonnet of Francesco Petrarch) and is a reprinting of the text originally separately published in 1678 by L. Billaine of Paris. The short book is devoted to an in-depth exposition of Petrarch’s Seventh Sonnet, allowing Ménage to demonstrate his considerable skills as a philologist and grammarian. Contemporary vellum with gilt lettering on the spine title. The binding is lightly discolored with a few small darker stains to the front cover. There is some light discoloration to the lower right corner of the last four leaves. Overall, an extremely attractive copy of this landmark work feminist scholarship. ADDITIONAL PHOTOS AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST.
Letters Written During a Short Residence in Sweden

Letters Written During a Short Residence in Sweden, Norway, and Denmark.

WOLLSTONECRAFT, Mary. 2 blank leaves + TP + [i]-[ii] = Advertisement + [1]-262 + [263]-[264] = Appendix + [265]-[266] = Notes + [267]-[268] = Publisher’s advertisements + 2 blank leaves, Octavo. First Edition. (Windle A7a)With the often missing publisher’s ads in the rear. These letters – purportedly written to her lover, Gilbert Imlay – record Wollstonecraft’s observations while on a trip pursuing his interests in Scandinavia. It is regarded to be the first book published by a woman about a business trip. Traveling with her child and a maid, Wollstonecraft was consumed by a great personal depression, fueled by herconstant doubts about Imlay’s affections and fidelity – uncertainties which resulted in two later suicide attempt. But the book is most famous for its vivid picture of life and social conditions in Sweden, Norway and Denmark at this time including the inns, the peasants, the food, the state of the roads and the towns she passed through. Most of all, this book was revered for its descriptions of landscape and scenery. As her biographer, Claire Tomalin reports, "when Johnson published the Letters, they found an enthusiastic public, not least among young poets. The wording of her description of the waterfalls she visited appears to have played a part in inspiring Coleridge’s description of the sacred river Alph in Xanadu; and the theme of the book set a fashion for questing romantic journeys. Byron, Wordsworth, Shelley and Mary’s as yet unborn daughter Mary all read and followed in Mary Wollstonecraft’s footsteps."(p. 228)This book also helped her to find a new love, enchanting the radical William Godwin who later declared that "if ever there was a book calculated to make a man in love with its author, this appears to be the book." Wollstonecraft and Godwin met shortly after this book was published and, soon after, she became pregnant with the poet Shelley’s future wife. The couple married in 1797, but Wollstonecraft died giving birth to Mary Godwin. Contemporary ¾ leather with worn marbled boards and gilt decorations titling to the spine. With a contemporary former owner’s signature to the top of the title page and the armorial bookplate of John Nicol Fergusson Pixley affixed to the inside rear cover. A lovely copy of this charming work by Wollstonecraft. ADDITIONAL PHOTOS AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST.

Poems, Dramatic and Miscellaneous.

WARREN, Mercy Otis. TP + [iii]-vi = Dedication to George Washington + [vii]-viii = Contents + [9]-252, large 12mo. First Edition.Following Anne Bradstreet and Phyllis Wheatley, Warren’s book of poems is the third significant body of poetry to be published by an American woman. While not formally educated, Warren was familiar with the poetry of Pope, Dryden, Milton and Shakespeare and began to write poetry at an early age. At the age of 62, she finally published – under her own name – her first volume of poems and dramatic sketches. Reflective of almost everything she had done up until this time, the entire book was overtly political, demonstrating her patriotism and her belief in human liberty. Beside the eighteen poems (half of which are political), the volume contained two long verse tragedies, The Sack of Rome and The Ladies of Castile which appear here for their first and only publication. They, unlike the five wartime plays, are completed and polished works set outside her contemporary country. Each speaks directly to the problem of liberty and especially to the social and moral values that a new republic must protect if it is to survive – themes that dominate all of Mercy Otis Warren’s post-Revolution writings. Contemporary full leather boards with more recent matching spine with gilt lines and gilt title poetic work by America’s foremost revolutionary woman. ADDITIONAL PHOTOS AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST.
The Strength and Weakness of Human Reason: or

The Strength and Weakness of Human Reason: or, The Important Question about the Sufficiency of Reason to Conduct Mankind to Religion and Future Happiness, Argued between an Inquiring Deist and a Christian Divine: and the Debate Compromis’d and Determin’d to the Satisfaction of both, by and Impartial Moderator.

WATTS, Isaac. 1 blank leaf + TP + [i]-[ii] = The Preface + 1-281 + [283]-[288] = Contents + 1 blank leaf. First Edition.Isaac Watts was pastor of a large Congregational church in London, and wrote prodigiously on logic and other philosophical topic, although he is best known as the author of well over 750 hymns (including the famous Christmas carol: "Joy to the World.")In this book,he candidly weighs thequestion of the sufficiency of Reason for personal salvation by arguing with a Deist in a conversation that is moderated by a third speaker. Thenames of the participants, Pithander, Logisto, and Sophronius, sound barbarous to English ears and Dr. Johnson commented that he thought the author was peculiarly unfortunate in his creative choices for names. The dialogue is conducted in a very liberal and candid style, but thespeeches are rather long and a little too formal to accurately depict an actual open conversation. The philosophical arguments, however, are well supported, andare even enlivened, at times, by some strokes of genteel wit. Watt’s was not just a formidable thinker, but also an accomplished writer. Early 20th century (?)panelled calf which has been beautifully executed a contemporary style. Embossed covers front and back with five raised bands and gilt lettering and decorations to the spine. There is worming in the lower right corner of the final fifteen leaves (not effecting text) – beginning as a pinhole and then suddenly expanding to a 1" v-shaped hole in the final three leaves. A truly beautiful, tight, bright and clean copy of this uncommon book by Watts. ADDITIONAL PHOTOS AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST.
The Diversions of Purley. Part One (Winged Words).

The Diversions of Purley. Part One (Winged Words).

TOOKE, John Horne. Half title + TP + [i] = Dedication page to the University of Cambridge + [iii] = Contents + [iv] = 2 Quotes + [1]=519 + [520] = Errata. Octavo. First Edition. This is the first edition of the First Part. The Second Part was not published until 19 years later, in 1805. John Horne Tooke was born John Horne, but in 1782 he added the name of his benefactor, William Tooke, who had made John Horne is heir. This book was written while residing at the elder Tooke’s estate, Purley House – and hence the name. An inventive and adventurous philologist, Tooke claimed that all words were at bottom either nouns or verbs andthat they had no essential connection to either things or the objects of thought. William Hazlitt claimed this book was "in truth, one of the few philosophical works on Grammar that were ever written."As a philologist, Horne Tooke deserves credit for seeing the necessity of studying Gothic and Anglo-Saxon, and learnt enough to be much in advance of Johnson in that direction. His philology was meant to subserve a characteristic philosophy. Locke, he said, had made a happy mistake when he called his book an essay upon human understanding instead of an essay upon grammar. (DNB)It was clear even to his contemporaries that many of the etymologies were wrong, but in spite of these errors such important figures as Erasmus Darwin, Coleridge, James Mill, John Stuart Mill, and Hazlitt were still greatly impressed by Tooke’s accomplishment and the soundness of his system. Contemporary marbled boards with a contemporary tan paper spine with gilt lettering on a red field. With a large former owner’s book plate (Greek illustration a circle above ornate lettering for "Erasmus Hall Library") to the inside front cover. A clean, tight and bright lovely and unsophisticated contemporary copy of this important milestone in the history of English etymology and philology. ADDITIONAL PHOTOS AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST.
Notes on the Seminar in Analytical Psychology Conducted By Dr. C.G. Jung Zurich March 23 - July 6

Notes on the Seminar in Analytical Psychology Conducted By Dr. C.G. Jung Zurich March 23 – July 6, 1925; Arranged by Members of the Class.

JUNG, C. G. TP + 1 leaf = Forward page + [1]-227. 8½" x 10¾". Original Multigraph Printing.This copy is just one example of the four different 227-page Multigraph printings that have survived – none of which has been identified as having priority over the other. See Athena Rare Books Catalog 9: Important Books in the History of Modern Psychology & Psychoanalysis, Item #34 (available digitally on request) for a complete description of the differences between these four very similar printings. In that catalog, this version was identified as 34b. [DUE TO ABE SPACE LIMITATIONS, THIS IS EDITED DESCRIPTION OF THIS BOOK. A FULL DESCRIPTION IS AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST .]This is the first of Jung’s seminars to be transcribed and Multigraph printed – here for the benefit of the 27 seminar attendees and other interested parties. Unique among these Multigraph printings, there are four known different versions of this 1925 seminar – one of which is surely the first edition, but, as yet, there has been no priority established between these four. Please see the discussion of these issues and the differentiating descriptions in our Catalog 9, Item #34.The text was edited and prepared for printing by Cary F. de Angelo (whose name and the date of November 19th, 1925 appear on the Forward page). Cary de Angelo is better known as Cary F. Baynes – the name that appears on her widely-read translation of the I Ching. According to William McGuire’s Introduction to the publication of this 1925 seminar in 1989, she was a "friend of Jung" and "a central figure in the world of analytic psychology" (Analytic Psychology, Princeton University Press, 1989, p. xiii). However, in 1930, when Mary Foote assumed responsibility for the editing and preparation of the texts for Parts IV through VI of Jung’s Dreams Analysis Seminars (and for all of his subsequent seminars), these questions of printing priority disappear. Ms. Foote was nothing but methodical and possessed of sufficient foresight to ensure that enough copies were made during the press run of each Multigraph printing to satisfy the initial demand. She also preserved fairly comprehensive records of these printings – those records now being housed and available for study at Yale’s Beinecke Rare Book Library. A privately-printed Multigraph volume that has been bound with three large staples. With unprinted olive thick card covers. The spine is covered with the original black canvas tape which is split just a bit along the bottom edge. Overall, an unmarked and very well preserved copy of this rare printing. ADDITIONAL PHOTOS AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST.
Views of Society and Manners in America: in a Series of letters from that Country to a Friend in England during the Years 1818

Views of Society and Manners in America: in a Series of letters from that Country to a Friend in England during the Years 1818, 1819, and 1820. By an Englishwoman.

WRIGHT, Frances. 1 blank leaf + TP + half title + [v] = Advertisement + [vii]-viii = Dedication + [ix]-xii = Contents + [1]-387 + 1 blank leaf. Octavo. First American Edition. This is an account of America’s original feminist and first utilitarian philosopher’s initial visit to America. Praised by lovers of America it was immediately published in France, Holland, Sweden, as well as simultaneously in Britain. It went through a series of editions and brought her into contact with America’s leaders (four Presidents of the U.S.A.), General Lafayette in Paris, Jeremy Bentham and a host of other famous and influential historical figures. Wright was scandalized by the contradiction of racial slavery in the U.S. and ends this work by claiming that the President of the United States had assured her in 1820 that "the day is not very far distant when a slave will not be found in America." (p. 385) Her second visit to America in 1825 was with the 61-year-old General Lafayette and caused a different kind of notoriety. At that end of the second visit she became an American reformer with the mission of ending black slavery and pushing the United States into the fullness of its promise that "all men were created equal." Later brown cloth – the spine with double gilt line borders top and bottom and the gilt title " WRIGHT VIEWS OF SOCIETY AND MANNERS IN AMERICA" in between. Front free endpaper with small stamp "Fred W. Haida Collection" in the upper right corner (which is repeated on the first blank leaf and again on the title page). The title page is significantly browned and has been inexpertly repaired on each corner. A partial circular stamp appears in the upper left corner of the title page (likely reading "Albany Library") with the inked number"1513" to the top right corner along with the aforementioned "Collection" stamp.The interior text is in much better shape than these first few leaves albeit with foxing throughout. On page [35], the name "William Austin" has been written in a contemporary penciled hand to the top of the page. On page 65 the same penciled hand appears at the top, this time as "William Austin Albany." At the bottom of the final page of text in the book (preceding the two-page poem), there is a 13-line pencil notation extolling Wright and her philosophy. The final page (387) has been damaged and repaired, replacing the bottom 1½" – but not effecting the text in any way. A damagedrepaired copy of this famous and important book by Wright – and therefore priced accordingly. ADDITIONAL PHOTOS AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST.
Talks to Teachers on Psychology.

Talks to Teachers on Psychology.

JAMES, William. 1 leaf with book ads on verso + TP + [iii]-vi = Preface + [vii]-xi = Contents + half-title + [3]-301 + 303-305 = publisher’s advertisements, Octavo. First Edition, First Printing. McDermott 1899-7. James "self-published" this book, i.e. he contracted with a Boston printer to print it and then made a separate contract with Henry Holt of New York to distribute it for him. There were two printing of this work from the same plates – most easily distinguishable by their size and by the six (rather than four) dots after the word "Relaxation" in the Table of Contents on page xi. This is a "large paper edition" copy measuring 7?/" x 5½". (See the Harvard Standard Edition of James works, Talks to Teachers, 1983, pp. 266-7.)A collection of lectures first delivered in the summer of 1892 and then several times later. The "talks" to teachers consist essentially of material from James’ great Principles of Psychology applied to the art of teaching. Some topics include ‘Psychology and the teaching art’, ‘The child as a behaving organism’ and ‘The law of habit’. The three final essays, which James called ‘Talks to Students’, include "the two essays which best express his social creed, ‘On a Certain Blindness in Human Beings’ and ‘What Makes A Life Significant?’ Their theme is the inherent preciousness of each unique human life, viewed from within; the unsuspected presence under a drab exterior, of adventure, courage and emotional warmth; and hence the need of tolerance and imaginative sympathy in human relations." (DAB). Original dark green covers with gilt lettering on front cover and spine. The four spine tips are lightly worn. Former owner’s (Susan MeicsCorlies) bookplate to 1899") to the front free endpaper in kin and, below this, a later owner’s name and date ("Evelyn Randall 1939") in pencil. Otherwise a tight and clean copy of this popular work by James. ADDITIONAL PHOTOS AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST.
L'enracinement: Prelude a une declaration des devoirs encers l'etre humain (The Need for Roots: A Prelude towards a declaration of duties towards mankind).

L’enracinement: Prelude a une declaration des devoirs encers l’etre humain (The Need for Roots: A Prelude towards a declaration of duties towards mankind).

WEIL, Simone. Half title + TP + half title + [9]-249 + half title + [253] = Table + [255] = Printer’s information, Octavo. Later Edition.Weil’s most influential work, L’enracinement (The Need for Roots) diagnoses the causes of the social, cultural, and spiritual malaise thatshe saw afflicting the citizens of 20th century Europe. Weil insists that individuals need to be culturally and spiritually rooted to their past, present, and future if they are ever to lead fulfilling, joyful, and morally rich lives. The book also discusses the political, cultural and spiritual currents that must be nurtured so that people can access the sources of energy needed to maintain their "rootedness" and avoid destroying their ties to the past and the sense of community which is so essential to a satisfying and fulfilledlife. Having analyzed the problem and outlined a broad solution, Weil then offers specific suggestions for the proper way to rebuild France after the war, calling for a greater emphasis on the religious, political and social structures that would enhance the lives of individuals. Sheargued strongly for the centrality of a sense of duty towards community, arguing that it is not enough for us to declare empty support for various human rights, we need to follow through with the obligations those rights entail – rather than just continuing along the time-worn path of self-righteousness and rootlessness. Weil’s warnings about the state of the modern world and the ways in which human beings could try to resolve these issues, continue to resonate even today. Original publisher’s ivory wraps with green lettering to both covers and the spine. There is a very small chip to the top of the spine. Typical of books printed on such poor quality paper, the text is lightly browned throughout. Overall, a lovely copy of this strident presentation of Weil’s thought. ADDITIONAL PHOTOS AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST.
Zur Genealogie der Moral (On the Genealogy of Morals).

Zur Genealogie der Moral (On the Genealogy of Morals).

NIETZSCHE, Friedrich. TP + [III]-XIV = Vorrede + half title + [1]-182 + [183] = Inhalt, Octavo. Second Edition (Krummel, XVI a, p. 102). The Genealogy has generated more scholarly comments in the past thirty years than any other book that Nietzsche wrote. The book contains three sustained and interlocking essays. The first addresses the origins of our conceptions of "good" and "bad," as against those of "good" and "evil" and contains Nietzsche’s famous analysis of master morality and slave morality (a topic he had first introduced in Beyond Good and Evil the previous year). The second essay traces the origin of a "bad conscience" – the phenomenon of the soul taking sides against itself – while the third and final essays attacks the Christian advocacy of ascetic ideals, even while recognizing that "almost everything we call ‘higher culture’ rests on the spiritualization of, and giving depth to, cruelty (against oneself)." Throughout, Nietzsche employs his "genealogical" method, which has proven to be so influential in the 20th century.With the publication of On the Genealogy of Morals, Nietzsche returned to the more familiar world of prose and completed the third phase of his writings, which had begun with the four poetic books of Thus Spoke Zarathustra and continued through the purely prose restatement of Beyond Good and Evil. To complete the cycle, Nietzsche offered an addendum to Beyond Good and Evil, conceived of as an illustration of how the principles of that book might actually be applied in specific cases. The verso of the original title page carried the explicit notice: "An addition to the last published Beyond Good and Evil which is meant as a supplement and a clarification" The new book generally followed the format of the previous work, consisting of three essays, each of which was broken down into long, closely reasoned paragraph sections.Nietzsche maintained that the writing of Genealogy was completed in twenty days-between 10 July and 30 July 1887-but the correspondence with his publisher shows this to be something of an exaggeration. Certainly, two-thirds of the book was in Naumann’s hands by 30 July 1887, but the finished manuscript-which included the third essay-was not sent until almost a month later. In general, this was a period of great creativity and activity: Genealogy was written, proofed, and released simultaneous with the printing and publication of the Hymn to Life Contemporary half-linen binding with marbled boards and gold printing on the spine. Covers lightly rubbed and the spine just a bit darkened. With the large bookplate (approx. 4" x 5") of a former owner (Dr. Johannes Feig Berlin) centered on the front fly leaf and with his namelightly stamped on the upper right corner of the title page. Internally clean, tight and bright. A very nice copy of one of Nietzsche’s most important works. ADDITIONAL PHOTOS AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST.
Qu'est-ce que la propriéte? (What is Property?).

Qu’est-ce que la propriéte? (What is Property?).

PROUDHON, Pierre-Joseph. Half-title + TP + [V]-XX = Preface + [1]-314 + [315]-[316] = Table des Matieres, Large 12mo. Second Edition.The first edition of this book is all but impossible to find having been published by César Bajat in an extremely small press run intended only for the members of the Academy of Besançon. This, his first book, was Proudhon’s most notorious and the one that made him famous at the age of thirty-two. He was the first person to declare himself an "anarchist" and is widely regarded as one of that ideology’s most influential theorists. (Proudhon is even considered by many to be the "father of anarchism".)The book garnered Proudhon instant notoriety not only for its radicalism but also for its most famous passage in which he characterizes property as "theft". The author’s love of telling phrases distorted the nature of his argument somewhat, for this book was, in fact, an investigation of abuses that had entered into the institution of property rather than a condemnation of concept of property itself. The book’s publication attracted the attention of the French authorities (of course!) and it was also noticed by Karl Marx who reviewed the book favorably. (Marx called it "the first decisive, vigorous and scientific examinationof the institution of property" and hailed it as a "scientific manifesto of the French proletariat") which led to a lively correspondence between the two revolutionaries. They influenced each otherin significant ways and even met in Paris while Marx was exiled there. Their friendship finally ended when Marx responded to Proudhon’sThe Philosophy of Poverty(1846) with hisscathing and provocatively titledThe Poverty of Philosophy. (1847).The arguments that Proudhon put forward in this early book, on the nature of property and the faults of government, are those which he elaborated and gave a deeper philosophical backing in his later writings. terim yellow paper wraps which are loosely adhered to endpapers covered with contemporary ink writings – both front and back. A completely fresh, tight and clean uncut copy of this important work in the history of European political thought. ADDITIONAL PHOTOS AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST.
An Authentic Narrative of the Success of Tar-Water

An Authentic Narrative of the Success of Tar-Water, in curing a great Number and Variety of Distempers, with Remarks, and Occasional Papers Relative to the Subject. To which are subjoined Two Letters from the Author of Siris.

PRIOR, Thomas. TP + (3)-(4) = Dedication + [1]-192. Octavo.First London Edition.Prior was a founder of the Dublin Society and a philanthropist. In school, he met George Berkeley with whom he formed a lifetime friendship. He subsequently entered Trinity College, Dublin, obtained a scholarship in 1701, and graduated B.A. in 1703. He later devoted himself to the promotion of material and industrial works among the Protestant population in Ireland.The book is an impressive collection of testimonial letters describing the curative powers of tar-water in cases of asthma, influenza, scurvy and scorbutic disorders, gout, rheumatism, consumptive coughs, and even smallpox. It offers a mass of anecdotal information on general ailments, standard treatments of the time (what the patients took or did before they discovered tar-water), and what was considered an intolerable condition as opposed to simply inconvenient. Prior’s book makes several references to George Berkeley’s book,Siris, and concludes with two letters from Berkeley, featuring his instructions on how to make the best tar-water and use it most effectively. Contemporary full leather boards with a double-line gilt border to the front and rear boards. Corners reinforced and rebacked with the original spine which has five raised bands and embossed lettering and decorations. There is a four-line k gift inscription dated 1753 to the upper right corner of the front free endpaper. An admirable copy of this book which is more renown for its presentation of contemporary medical practices than it is for the universal solution it purports to propose. ADDITIONAL PHOTOS AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST.
Friedrich Nietzsche.

Friedrich Nietzsche.

BRANDES, George. 1 blank leaf + 1 leaf with Publisher’s ads on the verso + half title with "by the same author" on the verso +1 leaf with a photo Portrait of Brandes on the verso with a tissue guard + TP + half title + 3-117 + [119] = Publisher’s ads for the Oscar Levy editions of Nietzsche’s works in English, Octavo. First English Edition. Brandes was an influential Danish critic with tremendous cultural impact in the Scandinavian world from the 1870s into the 20th century. He was the first serious scholar outside of Germany to take favorable notice of Nietzsche’s work and he wrote to Nietzsche – leading to a lively correspondence between the two men during the final years of the philosopher’s lucidity. Commenting on Brandes’ description of his philosophy, Nietzsche remarked: "The expression ‘aristocratic radicalism’, which you employ, is very good. It is, permit me to say, the cleverest thing that I have yet read about myself". It was also Brandes who advised Nietzsche to read the works of Søren Kierkegaard, with whom his thought had much in common. There is, however, no evidencethat Nietzsche ever did read any Kierkegaard.Since the late 1880s, Brandes had been focus on "great personalities" as the source of culture and it was then that he discovered Friedrich Nietzsche. His enthusiasm for the philosopher proved to be his introduction to Scandinavian intelligentsia and then, indirectly, to the whole world.Brandes’ lectures on Nietzsche were finally gathered and published in a book which was translated into English by A.G. Chater and published in 1914. The book, presenting a sophisticated and very personal appraisal of Nietzsche, contains four separate essay. The first, "On Aristocratic Radicalism", dates from 1889. Ten years later, Brandes did a reappraisal of Nietzsche and his thought which reprinted their extensive correspondence and was simply entitled "December 1899" (see p. 56 here). The third, "August 1900" (p. 101 here) was some laudatory comments following Nietzsche’s death. The final essay, "1909" (p. 109 here) contain Brandes’ reflections on "Ecce homo", Nietzsche’s recently published autobiography. n publisher’s original brown cloth binding with gilt lettering to the front cover and the spine and publisher’s device embossed the center of the rear cover. The exterior is light worn and rubbed in spots. A few pages are uncut. The book is otherwise tight, bright and clean. A nice copy of this important piece of Neitzscheana. ADDITIONAL PHOTOS AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST.
Esquisse d'un Tableau Historique des Progrès de L'esprit Humain (Sketch for a Historical Picture of the Progress of the Human Mind).

Esquisse d’un Tableau Historique des Progrès de L’esprit Humain (Sketch for a Historical Picture of the Progress of the Human Mind).

CONDORCET, Marquis de. Half-title + TP + v-viii + [1]-390 + 391-392 = Table Des Matieres, Octavo. Fourth Edition. NOTE: On the bottom of the title page "An VI" is written next to the publication date. This signifies that this books was written in 1798 – year six of the French Revolutionary calendar. Marie-Jean-Antoine-Nicolas Caritat, the Marquis de Condorcet, was a distinguished mathematician and a friend to Voltain, d’Alember and Turgot. He was invited to contribute to the Encycloédie and at the age of twenty-six was elected to the Academy of Sciences. He became the Academy’s permanent secretary at the age of 39 in 1782. He welcomed the Revolution and played a major role in promoting its democratic principles. But he was outlawed during the Terror and went into hiding for a year – during which time he wrote the Esquisse. Then, fearing that he would be discovered, he fled but was captured and soon died in prison.In the Esquiss, published after his death, is considered Condorcet’s greatest work and is often cited as the culmination of characteristically eighteenth-century philosophy. With its emphasis on the idea of progress, the book also established a dominant theme of nineteenth-century thought. Condorcet traces the history of man through ten epochs, moving from savagery through the development of civilization and knowledge up to Descartes in the eight epoch. The ninth epoch spans the Enlightenment from Descartes to the Revolution. For the tenth epoch, Condorcet predicted that equality of opportunity will come to prevail among classes and nations and that man will improve intellectually, morally and physically. "A belief in the ultimate perfectibility of man lies at the root of all progressive thinking about the human condition. The philosophes and Godwin had familiarized the reading public with this notion, but it was left to Condorcet to give it its finest and most durable expression Unlike Godwin, he does not preach absolute equality, but equality of opportunity. While progress is limited by human nature, as men desire freedom, so they will obtain it and the equality that goes with it. Knowledge of this comes only with education, and this explains Condorcet’s zeal to improve it." (Printing and the Mind of Man 246)Printing and the Mind of Man 246 (First Edition) Mottled brown boards with gilt lettering and decoration to the spine. Joints cracked, but firm. With a small Parisian bookseller ticket to the upper left hand corner of the front board. Lightly foxed throughout. A lovley copy. ADDITIONAL PHOTOS AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST.
Some Problems of Philosophy.

Some Problems of Philosophy.

JAMES, William. Half-title + TP + [v] = Quote page + vii-[viii] = Prefatory Note + ix-[xii] = Contents + half-title + 3-[237] + 1 leaf, Octavo. First London Edition (McDermott 1911-1)For years, James talked of rounding out his philosophical work with a treatise on metaphysics. Characteristically, he chose to do so in the form of an introduction to the problems of philosophy, because writing for beginners forced him to be nontechnical and readable. The result is that, although this is James’s most systematic and abstract work, it has all the lucidity of his other, more popular writings. Step by step the reader is introduced, through analysis of the fundamental problems of Being, the relation of thoughts to things, novelty, causation, and the Infinite, to the original philosophical synthesis that James called radical empiricism.James died on August 26, 1910, before completing the final manuscript for this book. It was prepared for the press by H. M. Kallen and edited with a Prefatory Note by his son, Henry James, Jr. Original green publisher’s covers with just a bit of sunning to the front cover. Very occasional pencil marginalia on the first 50 pages. Half title embossed with "Mr. Castar Numan". Contemporary review of this work laid . The spine label is a bit worn with a few letters missing, but still mostly readable. Overall, a well preserved, bright and tight copy of James’ last published book. ADDITIONAL PHOTOS AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST.
The Pluralistic Universe.

The Pluralistic Universe.

JAMES, William. 1 blank leaf + TP + iii-[vi] = Contents + half-title + 3-[405] + 1 blank leaf, Octavo. First London Edition (McDermott 1909-5). James’ great defense of pluralism which was originally delivered as the Hibbert Lectures given at Manchester College, Oxford in 1908-09. He begins the book, as he had begun Pragmatism, with a discussion of the temperamental determination of philosophical theories, which, he states, "are just so many visions, modes of feeling the whole push forced on one by one’s total character and experience, and on the whole preferred – there is no other truthful word – as one’s best working attitude". Maintaining that a philosopher’s "vision" is "the important thing" about him, James condemns the "over-technicality and consequent dreariness of the younger disciples at our American universities " As he gets more specific about other theories, James passes from his critical discussions of Josiah Royce’s idealism and the "vicious intellectualism" of Hegel to philosophers whose visions he admires: Gustav Fechner and Henri Bergson. After careful consideration of these thinkers’ ideas, he then concludes by embracing a pluralistic position that he had more tentatively set forth in The Varieties of Religious Experience: that religious experiences "point with reasonable probability to the continuity of our consciousness with a wider spiritual environment from which the ordinary prudential man (who is the only man that scientific psychology, so called, takes cognizance of) is shut off". Whereas in Pragmatism James subsumes the religious within the pragmatic (as yet another way of successfully making one’s way through the world), in A Pluralistic Universe he suggests that the religious offers a superior relation to the universe. Original publisher binding of grayish-green covers with green cloth on the spine. Spine and label darkened with some wear but still readable. The tips of the boards are lightly bumped with just a bit of wear to the top of the spine. "Neville R. Murphy June 1911" handwritten onto the front free end paper. Overall, this is a lovely and lovingly preserved first edition of one of William James’ most important works. ADDITIONAL PHOTOS AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST.
An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations

An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations,

SMITH, Adam. Volume 1: 2 blank pages + TP + [i]-[ix] (5 leaves) = Contents + [1]-510 + 3 blank leaves; Volume 2: 2 blank leaves + half title + TP + [1]-587 + [589] = Publisher’s advertisements + 2 blank leaves; Quarto (11 x 8 5/8 in.; 279 x 219 mm.). First Edition. The First and Greatest Classic of Modern Economic ThoughtWith the half title in Volume 2 only (as issued). Errata on verso of second title page. Volume 1 with cancels apparent only at M3 (pp 85-6) and U3 (pp. 149-50). Publisher’s advertisements on verso of final printed sheet. "The first and greatest classic of modern economic thought" (PMM, 221). The genesis of The Wealth of Nations took place on the Continent following Smith’s decision to vacate the chair of moral philosophy at Glasgow University and accept a position as tutor to the young Duke of Buccleuch on his visit to France. Their journey began in February of 1764. After a short stay in Paris, they moved on to Toulouse for an eighteen-month period which Smith used to begin his economic treatise. The pair then returned to Paris, remaining there from Christmas 1765 until October of the following year. During this period, Smith made the acquaintance of Quesnay, Tugot, D’Alember, Morellet, Helvétius, Marmontel and de la Rochefoucault. Teacher and pupil returned to Glasgow in 1766 where it then took Smith 10 years to complete The Wealth of Nations. Only a few months before his own death, Hume wrote to congratulate his friend on producing a work which was so long and so nervously awaited, one showing such "depth and solidity, and acuteness, and so much illustrated by curious facts that it must at last attract the public attention." The book gave full expression to the physiocratic belief that the individual has the right to be unimpeded in the exercise of economic activity. As PMM states, it "begins with the thought that labour is the source from which a nation derives what is necessary to it. The improvement of the divisions of labour is the measure of productivity and in it lies the human propensity to barter and exchange Labour represents the three essential elements – wages, profit and rent – and these three also constitute income. From the workings of the economy, Smith passes to its matter – "stock" – which compasses all that man owns either for his own consumption or the return that it brings him. The Wealth of Nations ends with a history of economic development, a definitive onslaught on the merchantile system, and some prophetic speculations on the limits of economic control. Where the political aspects of human rights had taken two centuries to explore, Smith’s achievement was to bring the study of economic aspects to the same point in a single work."Printing and the Mind of Man 221 Contemporary polished calf. Spine with six compartments decorated with gilt pattern. Lettering pieces Hist Natur XXXIII.13 according to the accurate Edition of Father Hardouin". Offsetting from ribbon markers (no longer present) affecting Volume 1, pp. 486-87 and Volume 2, pp. 268-69. Light offset printing to Volume 2, pp. 10-11 and 201. Minor paper tear in gutter of Volume 2, pp. 379-80, – not affecting text. Beige cloth solander case. A fine and beautiful set of the most important work ever published in economics. ADDITIONAL PHOTOS AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST.